First, Americans legally gain their suffrage, which

First, the 13th amendment abolished of slavery in the States. It addressed the ongoing and continuous debate what the future of slavery would follow: the North’s advocacy to end slavery or the South’s opposition due to it being the “peculiar institution” that the Confederate states relied on to produce its cash crop called cotton. For years, the relatively formed nation was torn down the middle, which greatly affected the relationship between the North and South. Because the southern states had relied on slavery, they did not partake in the technological advancements that the North did. So, by ridding the whole country of slavery, the North and South would be more united and homologous with the Industrial and Transportation Revolution. The 14th amendment makes post-Civil War slaves citizens and gives them the right of equal protection in law. ┬áThe Congress, dominated by Radical Republicans, passed the amendment to protect the newly freed blacks against the threats of the white southerners who were defeated in the Civil War and addressed the major problem of the state governments passing racially discriminating laws like the Black Codes, which was ineffective because these kinds of laws were still passed. Previous to the Civil War, Radicals thought that former slaves deserved the same political rights and opportunities as whites, which was another driving force to the ratification and passing of the amendment. Lastly,t he 15th amendment was created to clarify the meaning of the 14th amendment and guaranteed the black man the right to vote. It helped the male African Americans legally gain their suffrage, which was now permanently addressed. This subtly addressed the 3/5ths voting policy that once applied to black men, which the Radical Republicans hoped would benefit them by keeping control of Congress by making it worth one whole vote per former slave.By post-Civil War, the South experienced the destruction of its financial system, economy in terms of slavery and cotton, and physical state. In response, reconstruction called for three major parts: reuniting the Union, transformation of southern society, and progressive laws favoring the rights of freed slaves. The Radical Republicans’ efforts towards the reconstruction were partially successful because the North and South were reunited, slavery was abolished, and the ongoing debate of states’ rights vs. federalism ended. Also, the Freedmen’s Bureau that aimed to aid unskilled previous slaves and improve their education was slightly successful. Due to the Southern racists who fought against it, the act expired was not successful because it was understaffed and underfunded, but was successful in terms of educating the freed blacks. Otherwise, the reconstruction failed. The Radical Republicans efforts to keep Confederate officials and slave owners equal to freed blacks was not effective as they gradually returned to power. The 13th amendment was very successful because it completed the ideas of Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation; However, the 14th and 15th Amendments were not because of various laws passed to obscure them like the Jim Crow Laws. And the enfranchising of the blacks became seemingly pointless because the two other amendments were not in full use. By 1877, violations of blacks’ civil rights were ignored due to the dying of the northerners interest in the reconstruction. In the same year, the events that marked the end of the reconstruction period was when Hayes withdrew the last of the federal troops from the south and the crumbling of the bayonet-backed Republican governments, which resulted in the failure to use the rights meant to help the blacks for 90 years. The Black Codes were laws passed by the Southern states in 1865 and ended in 1877 because of the Reconstruction post-Civil War. These laws were made to restrict freed blacks and make sure that they were available as forced laborists after the 13th amendment. In these codes, states required free blacks to sign annual labor contracts, but refusal meant being arrested as beggars or forced into unpaid labor; Some states limited the type of property that blacks could own; Apprenticeship laws forced many minors into unpaid labor for white planters It banned black people from possessing most firearms, making or selling liquor. In addition to the Black Codes, the Southern racists fought against the Freedmen’s Bureau, which was set up on March 3rd, 1865 to train unskilled and uneducated free blacks. They used loopholes, legally, to exploit the program in support of the freed slaves. Because this was one of the few ways the whites “tried” to support the newly freed blacks and it was being opposed meant that it definitely impacted the limitations of the civil rights and liberties of the African-Americans. And in 1872, when the act expired, discrimination was even worse for the blacks.