Foodborne Illness Short Answer Questions Essay

1. What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? For example, the name of the bacteria, virus, or parasite. Hepatitis A is an infectious agent. Hepatitis A is also a liver disease. Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. The inflammation can be very painful. It becomes red and swells up becoming like a hard rock. This is caused when tissues of our body becomes injured or infected. When the inflammation reaches a certain point in the liver, if not taken care of properly it can cause the organs not to work properly.

We cant live without a liver. The liver has many uses, for example it removes harmful chemicals from the blood. Hepatitis A is a well-known virus. Therefore it can be cured very easily. 2. How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water? Hepatitis A is an infectious agent and can be contracted from eating food or drinking water that’s contaminated with human feces. Like those who ingest seafood from contaminated water, they can be infected with the virus hepatitis A.

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You can catch Hepatitis A by drinking untreated water or food that has been washed by untreated water. For example when you are in the wild and catch afish out of the river and just cook it right away. Since you couldn’t rinse properly there would be a high chance of you catching hepatitis a. 3. What is an example of a real life outbreak of this foodborne illness in the United States? The Mexican green onion outbreak at Chi- Chi’s came a month after the restaurant chain had filed for bankruptcy.

In 2004, it was forced to shut-down entirely, selling off some of its choice properties to Outback Steakhouse. Marler Clark represented many of the victims, including the 9,489 people who got inoculated because they were exposed to Hepatitis A at the Beaver Valley Mall Chi-Chi’s. The reason for the hepatitis a was because the salsa that they are known for was made in big batches. In order to keep it safe they had to sell the freshly made salsa warm and make it in batches of 30 servings. Before the batches were large and had up to 120 servings. 4.

What are the clinical symptoms, duration of the disease, and treatment if any? Some symptoms from hepatitis a can be diarrhea, dizziness, headaches, and vomiting. Hepatitis can heal on its own with no significant consequence, or it can progress to scarring of the liver. There is no treatment specifically for hepatitis A. Doctors will advise the patient to abstain from alcohol and drugs during the recovery. The vast majority of patients with Hepatitis A will recover spontaneously. Acute hepatitis lasts under six months, while chronic hepatitis lasts longer.

Most liver damage is caused by 3 hepatitis viruses, called hepatitis A, B and C. However, hepatitis can also be caused by alcohol and some other toxins and infections, as well as from our own autoimmune process (the body attacks itself). 5. What steps can be taken to prevent further outbreaks? Include individual as well as environmental precautions and methods. The virus causing hepatitis A is mostly contracted through food and water. Therefore, proper hygiene is very important in this case. Drink filtered water that is free from any kind of germs and viruses.

Making sure that the water which you are getting in your house is filtered properly. If you are travelling, then use only commercially bottled water that is sealed in cap tight bottles. Boiling the water before drinking is also helpful when you think it can be possibly contaminated by hepatitis a. It helps by killing the viruses that cause hepatitis. Wash your hands properly before touching any food items and after using the restroom. Wash your hands as much as possible with warm water and soap for at least for 20 seconds