French revolution Essay

            The French Revolution was remembered as the fight for liberty, equality and fraternity. This period happened during the years 1789 to 1799. Before this revolution happened, inequality was typical of the old government such as inequality in the payment of the taxes, unfair classification of the citizens resulting to an undignified way of life, and human abuses being inflicted to the lower class by the privileged.

            When King Louis XIV tried to impose new taxes upon the citizenry in order to replenish the national treasury, this provoked tumult because majority of the citizens no longer supported his efforts; this occurrence eventually grew into a revolution. To remedy the situation, Louis XIV called for a meeting of the Estates General which consisted of three estates, the clergy, the nobility, and the middle class and peasants. They were called as the First Estate, Second Estate, and the Third Estate respectively.

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            The direct cause of the revolution was effectuated when the Third Estate (common people) asked that France be given a constitution. They were refused by Louis XIV; thus paving the way for the revolution. This event was complemented by the hardships the citizens felt under the King’s rule, in which they eventually lost their trust in him altogether.

            After the revolution started, work on the new constitution soon started and this was completed finally in 1791. France then upheld the monarchial form of government in which nobility was abolished. Included in this document was the Declaration of the Rights of Man which enunciated the equality of all men in the eyes of the law, and men were born free with equal rights. This declaration became a catalyst for the entry of the new period of democracy.