From After a disaster, often the best

From rising sea levels to agriculture shortfalls, the world is feeling the effects of climate change. The direct results of climate change are the increases frequency of floods, droughts, extreme temperatures, hurricanes, and landslides. The main cause of climate change is the burning of fossil fuels which releases carbon into the atmosphere. (Raucher, 2017). The impact is particularly acute for women who make up a large number of the poor communities that depend on natural resources for their livelihood. Often, it is the people with the least resources who are the most defenseless when disaster strikes, and women make up the majority of poor people in the world today. Gender and climate change are extremely important because of the very severe impacts that climate change is having now all over the world. However, the division of labor and opportunities between men and women is unequal and this inequality leads women more vulnerable to the effectsof climate change. After a disaster, often the best and only jobs available are in construction and rebuilding efforts, which are traditionally male dominated fields. (Raucher, 2017). It impacts differently for women and men because their roles are very different. It undermines poor livelihoods and food security, both which women are responsible for. Women have a double role in climate change. On the other hand, they are the most evident victims of climate change. They are disproportionality hit by climate change because women in developing countries are the ones who are primarily responsiblefor food and water, both of those things are on the decrease because of climate change. So, on the one hand women are the ones that are hardest hit, but also women can and should be part of the solution because it is precisely the way that they gather water, the way that they gather food, and the way they produce energy that can be an on the ground solution to climate change. An example is that fifty percent of women in the world still cook on open fires. (Jerneck , 2012). They would have the opportunity through the climate technologies that are being offered to move from open fires to efficient cook stoves that would be much better for the health of the women and children, would use less would that stop afforestation or decreased afforestation, and cut down on the emissions of open fires. (Jerneck , 2012). This is just an example of the many advantageous opportunities women have in their hands to empower their situation and bring awareness to the real threat of climate change. While all of us are affected by climate change, some people are more vulnerable and that includes women and children. With unpredictable rainfall patterns and long droughts, already isclimate change seriously altering the agriculture calendar andfood production. As the sun shines with no rainfall, soils quickly lose their capacity to sustain crop like and, in such, main crops are either drying up or doing poorly due to water stress. The causes of climatic change, such as Western industrial pollution are increasing, an indication that more extreme weather is expected and contributing to barren lands. (Buechler , 2016). In most cases, it is the women who are responsible for finding food and water for their families. Two-thirds of farmers in the developing world are women. (Buechler , 2016). In many rural areas of Latin America, task like livestock grazing, providing cattle with food and water, and taking care of crops planted to grow food are all activities primarily carried out by women. The distance women walk for water and fewer wood has also been increased as more trees have been cut down to pave way for agriculture. Male farmers normally provide income for the family by grow and selling cash crops while the women are expected to grow food crops and manage daily chores including fetching water from dried up wells. (Buechler , 2016). In some communities, climate change can even lead to domestic violence, especially if the male comes home and does not find food. Women are more affected because they are the ones who usually plan for their families, being that they prepare each and everything to support the family.On top of this, in some areas, the imminent melting of glaciers, another consequence of climate change, will cause an even greater shortage of water. The problem of water shortages poses a threat to farming and food supplies. It affects an essential component of the role played by women in communities; their key role in relation to food sovereignty. Because of their social roles and position, women are greatly affected by water shortages.  Sustainable water sources in the face of climate change requires the contribution of women, with knowledge of effective social strategies for adapting to climate change. Community-based environmental education is therefore required in order to expand the involvement of women in water-related climate change policy development. (Figueiredo, 2013). Environmental non-governmental organizations worldwide, are developing a range of methods to organize and help local activists create successful climate defense programs. The international climate change adaptation project in Africa allowed for the opportunity of community-based environmental and climate change education which are using the democratic opening provided by watershed-based governance structures to broaden grassroots participation, especially of women, in political processes. (Figueiredo, 2013). Grassroot leaders from the sub-Saharan Africa revealed that the African woman has been the sole survivor of so many things at the household level, but drought and deforestation have left land barren, increasing the burden on women. Unable to get resources like water in numerous parts of the region, droughts force women to travel much longer distances and devote much more time to fetching water.Climate change and widening inequality are not two separate issues. They are intimately connected and there is at least one solution to both. The people who are bearing the brunt of climate change here and around the world are women, but especially women of the poor or working class, who live in areas increasingly prone to flooding and rely on cropland susceptible to ever more frequent droughts. (Marshal et al., 2017). These are individuals who depend on outdated water and sewage systems, older roadways, and power grids that are falling apart under the strains of severe weather and live in fragile structures particularly vulnerable to intensifying hurricanes and violent storms. Their health is especially compromised by airborne contaminants, infections, and other diseases accompanying climate change. The solution is in clean renewable energy. Renewable energy is the fastest-growing energy source in the United States, increasing 67 percent from 2000 to 2016.(Marshal et al., 2017). Clean energy powered by wind, solar cells, or water is growing fast even as the old fossil fuel industries decline and generate fewer jobs. Renewables made up 24 percent of global electricity generation in 2014. That’s expected to rise to 31 percent by 2040. Most of the increase will likely come from wind and hydropower. (Marshal et al., 2017). This transition to renewables is the key to fighting climate change. Traditional energy structures have been compared to new improved energy structures and revealed the impact renewable energy has on gender relations in rural north-west China. The traditional energy consumption structures were based on biomass and coal whereas the improved energy consumption structures consist of renewable energy based on solar energy.(Ding, 2014). Compared with traditional biomass-based energy consumption, renewable energy could significantly alter the amount of labor, improve health, and overall living standards. The field investigation data revealed that: women were free from having to collect firewood after integrating the use of renewable energy. The frequency of firewood collection, time, and human energy consumption of women have greatly decreased when traditional energy consumption structures were implemented. This allowed for the women to save up to fifty percent on cooking time and saved women almost ninety percent of surplus funds from energy saving to buy clothes. (Ding, 2014). Use of clean energy devices also further reduce the risk of women exposed to pollution, and prevent women from possibly getting diseases. Therefore, it can be concluded that: gender is an important aspect of energy, which has previously been ignored.So, while women are great at connecting the dots on how climate change effects health, we right now are largely left out of the leadership globally to make a change in a way to get energy and moving toward a clean future. However, that has got to change and in order for that to happen there needs to be more equity. The government and civil society organizations re coming up with adaption measure to ensure women still provide with for their families. In a study of 130 countries, it was found that when women are in government positions, they are more likely to sign on international treaties that are taking action against climate change. (Marshal et al., 2017). Women play critical roles in our communities and our voices must be heard for climate change. Devising ways to consider gender in climate action will not always be easy or obvious. Societies are made up of complex relationships, sometimes based on differing structures of kin, power and financial resources. But continuing efforts to place gender consideration at the center of climate finance are necessary. Climate change is a challenge that affects us all. So all members of society must rally together to deal with it effectively and inclusively.