1. Adult literacy rate As the first indicator of gender inequalities to prove that it is present throughout the world I chose adult literacy rate. In developing countries women have less chance to get basic education as men, so this indicator clearly shows the differences between genders. As we can see on the graph, where adult literacy rate of women(Graph1) and men (Graph2) are compared to the income per person of the country, the biggest inequalities are present in Sub-Saharan(dark blue dots) and South Asian (light blue dost) countries.
The male graph shows that in 2007 the lowest literacy rate was in Burkina Faso and Chad with around 40%, while the worst female literacy rates were recorded in the same countries with around 20%, which is only the half of the male literacy rates. These data clearly support the statement that gender gap exists. Gapminder 2007 Statistics: Literacy rate adult female % of females aged 15 and above Gapminder 2007 Statistics: Literacy rate adult male % of females aged 15 and above 2.
Ratio of young literate females to males (% ages 15-24) The following graph shows the ratio of young literate females to males is the percentage of literate females to males ages 15-24. From the data from 2007 we can observe that mainly in Sub-Saharan African countries (dark blue dots) and in some of the South Asian countries (light blue dots) are considerable disparities between literate women and men. In middle-income and high-income countries such as Europe and Central Asia (orange), East Asia (red) or America (yellow) the literacy rates are relatively equal with values moving around 100%.
Although in many countries literate women and men are balanced, there are still countries, such as Ethiopia with 60% that need to develop to eliminate gender inequalities. 3. Gender income ratio by country Gender income ratio is commonly used to describe the income differences between males and females for the same job or labour. The statistics from 2002 show that there is no country, where there is total equality in income between genders. The smallest disparity is in Latvia, where the gender income ratio is 0. 72%. Similar rate was recorded also in Finland, Denmark or Australia.
The highest inequality among the collected data is in Belize, with 0. 24% ratio. The comparison of these data reaffirms the statement that gender inequality is present in the world. (Statistics: NationMaster) 4. Gender Empowerment Measure The Gender Empowerment Measure is an index that measures female opportunities in the world. It is a multiple indicator that considers female share of parliamentary representation, proportions of legislators, senior officials, managers, professional and technical employees who are women and the ratio of female to male earnings.
The data was collected by the UN. Gender Empowerment Measure is a basic measure of the gender gap. It is composed by several indicators so it gives a clear idea about the gender inequalities according to different aspects. This map shows the Gender Empowerment Measure rate throughout the world. We can see on the map that women have the fewest opportunities in India and China, and have the most opportunities in Western Europe and North America. The map highlights gender inequality throughout the world. (Worldmapper map) 5.
Age at first marriage (women and men) This indicator shows the mean age at 1st marriage of women and men. On the graph we can see a positive correlation between the age of 1st marriage and the income per person. This suggests that the age of first marriage increases with greater wealth- and hence bigger chances for education. Therefore, an early age of marriage of women is an indicator of the low status of women in society. These statistics also prove the statement that suggests that inequalities exist. NationMaster Statistics: Age at 1st marriage (Men) Gender inequalities are directly related to the level of development of a country” Referring to the previous 5 points which I considered to be adequate evidences to prove gender inequality in the world, I strongly believe that there is a correlation between the countries level of development and the gender disparities. In higher income countries people have more opportunities for education, health-care and career building. A more developed country can afford provision of basic education for everyone therefore the literacy rate increases in the particular country.
Chad, Burkina Faso or Ethiopia lack of schools and women literacy rates are very low, with around 20%. On the contrary, in the higher middle income countries and higher income countries the literacy rates of women are 80% and above, which is four times as much as the lowest level in Chad. Furthermore, in developed countries are far more opportunities for women not only to get education, but also to get a job and build career. Gender Empowerment Measure clearly shows that in developing countries with low incomes, women have less access then men to have financial independence through work or through setting up businesses.
Their duty is considered to be raising kids and housekeeping, therefore they marry in early age and have many children. This explains the general pattern, that in less developed countries women get married before they reach the age of 20(Niger, Afghanistan, etc). In conclusion, I strongly believe that the evidences I presented support the statement that gender inequalities are directly related to the level of development. Gender inequality do exists, and mainly occurs in the developing part of the world.