The study of anthropology comprises all aspects of humankind not limited by time or space. It deals with both natural and social sciences. Anthropology helps in understanding the ways of the world and the conflicts between humans such as social inequality (“What Is Anthropology?”). In conducting anthropological research, the roles of men and women are distinct.
Cultures may be different, but when it comes to gender roles they are similar. Because of gender and sex differences, conflicts between roles arise. Usually, the males are considered to be the stronger ones than females (Erchak). Women are considered merely as servants and have lower social and academic status. This is where social inequality and discrimination begin because of the different cultural views on the role of women.
In terms of achievements and fields of study, men are more likely to focus on politics, engineering, and construction. On the other hand, women are likely to engage in jobs such as healthcare specialist, educational services and social work (“Gender Differences”). It is obvious that men prefer heavier and technical jobs and while women prefer jobs that are less rigorous.
In anthropology, there are inequalities as well. Lesser women are engaged in anthropological studies than men. Most cultures has the mentality that men are more inclined in fields of mathematics, science and engineering that’s why women are reluctant to take on these fields (Clark). Women usually concentrate on memory and verbal skills (“Gender Differences”).
As early as three years old, we learn to develop gender identity. As we go along from preschool to high school, adolescent stage, gender differences occur (Erchak). Children develop their identity through observation from family, peer groups, school, and media. As they mature from childhood to adulthood, gender identity is established. Different cultures have different implications which are essential to the development.
Clark, Leisa. “Theory: Gender, Science and Anthropology”. Florida, 2004. 13 August 2007. <http://www.geocities.com/barddiva/Theory1.html>.
Erchak, Gerald Michael. “The Anthropology of Self and Behavior.” Rutgers University Press, 1992.
“Gender Differences”. 2007. 13 August 2007. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_differences>.
“What Is Anthropology?” Florida, 2007. Eckerd College. 13 August 2007. <http://www.eckerd.edu/academics/anthropology/what.phpWhat >.