Glacier National Park Canada Essay

Introduction: Glacier National Park of Canada protects, for all time, a portion of the Columbia Mountains Natural Region, in the interior wet belt of British Columbia. The steep, rugged mountains, warm, moist climate and wide variety of plant and animal life are typical of this natural region. The park protects unique stands of old-growth cedar and hemlock and critical habitat for threatened and endangered wildlife species such as the mountain caribou, mountain goat and grizzly bear. The Rogers Pass National Historic Site is located in Glacier National Park. Rogers Pass was so designated for its importance in the construction and development of the country’s first major national transportation route. (Reference: http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/bc/glacier/index_e.asp). The Canadian glacier park is also very important because the Canadian pacific railways has several important routes through the terrain and hence is also very important economically. The park offers several activities to its visitors which will be mentioned later but the point that I want to make is that it is park which has a very rich history, a dynamic role in the economy and is beyond doubt a tourist attraction in itself.

Activities: The activities that are carried out in the park are as listed below
Ski Touring
Hiking
Caving
Mountaineering
Wildlife Viewing
Backcountry
Huts
Fishing
Trail Conditions. Report (Reference: http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/bc/glacier/activ/index_e.asp).
It is clear from these activities that this park has a vibrant and a dynamic feel to it and is ever growing. There are however restrictions on some of the activities but they can also be eased if a tourist wants to do so.

Terrain and Climate: Glaciers cover much of the challenging terrain in the park, which is dominated by 10 peaks ranging from 8,530 to 11,120 feet (2600 to 3390 m) in height.

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The steep, rugged mountains, warm, moist climate and wide variety of plant and animal life are typical of this natural region. The park protects unique stands of old-growth cedar and hemlock and critical habitat for threatened and endangered wildlife species such as the mountain caribou, mountain goat and grizzly bear.

Peaks of the Hermit Range, the Bonney and Bostock Groups, the Van Horne Range, Purity Range, Dawson Range, and the especially challenging Sir Donald Range all lie wholly or in part within the park.(Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glacier_National_Park_(Canada).

Roger Pass: Rogers Pass is a narrow valley surrounded by a number of mountains. It is formed by the headwaters of the Illecillewaet River to the west and by Beaver River to the east. Both of these rivers are tributaries of the Columbia River, which loops about 240 km around to the north of the pass. It was named after Major Rogers who first surveyed the pass.

Rogers Pass is known for its winter snowfall, which amounts to about 10 m per year. Because of steep mountains, avalanches are very common in winter. When the railway first went over the pass, 31 snow sheds amounting to about 6.5 km were built to protect the railway from the avalanches. To keep the Trans-Canada Highway open during the winter, the military uses 105 mm howitzers to knock down the avalanches under controlled circumstances so traffic is not caught in unexpected avalanches.(Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogers_Pass)

References

1.      http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/bc/glacier/index_e.asp

2.      http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/bc/glacier/activ/index_e.asp

3.      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glacier_National_Park_(Canada).

4.      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogers_Pass

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