Global warming has continued to contradict globalization and giving nations of global competition compelling challenges in their efforts to keep pace with technology advancement.
This research paper has been based on information gathering on th issues arising after temperature increases as a climate change and its consequences on the global environment. The causes and effects have been clearly addressed and the significant efforts that the world as whole is adopting to curb the spread of global warming.
Global warming is a global catastrophe of the industrial era associated with climate change in the direction of upward temperature shifts on the surface of the earth and the ocean temperatures alike. The socio-economic wellbeing of the planet inhabitants have been put into a great peril posed by the impact of global warming. Unfortunately catastrophic impacts affect both contributors and non-contributors of global warming alike. Further, there exists an imbalance of costs and benefits of action against climate changes, caused by global warming across borders.
There thus exists a complexity due to lack of “supranational authority” (Michaels, 2005, 99) in the practically hit regions to come up with coercive sanctions.
Perception of benefits by nations therefore is vital to cooperation and expression of a willingness to participate in international treaties or other arrangements and sharing a common vision of responsible behavior. Mutual self-interest, recognition of shared threat and leadership by dominant groups is the likely driving forces of a collective action against global warming. People across the globe feel that they are suffering because of a few people who think that they hold the world’s economies thus strive to sustain their position as the superpowers (Michaels, 2005, Avery & Singer, 2007).
Global warming is caused by a combination of human activities and natural changes in the climate. Among the human activities include felling trees in forests (deforestation) and the combustion of fossil fuels to generate energy. These activities result to “emissions of moisture, carbon dioxide, methane, ozone” (Mathiesen, 2004, 126) all of which are called green house gases. They cause greenhouse effects whereby the ozone layer is decline and acidify ocean waters. This leads to dangers to human, animals and plants.
Global warming affects our planet earth by disrupting the weather patterns across the globe. Specific regions have specific climates; coastal areas are warm and humid, sub-Saharan Africa is hot and dry, equatorial regions are rainy and cold. Permanent climatical changes and weather patterns disrupt this harmony since temperatures continues to rise. Thus, global warming disrupts climatical and weather patterns on the globe (Houghton, 2004).
Vegetations and rain patterns in mountainous regions have been adversely affected resulting in poor growth and development of rain forests. The biomass of biodiversity component, comprising of huge trees, dense vegetation and microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi etc) is disrupted leading to extinction of some species (Houghton, 2004).
Global warming has also had some adverse effects to people’s lives. Intensive storms hit the tropics leading to deaths of thousands of people in various parts of the world. In “Florida and the Caribbean hurricanes swept across leaving many people homeless” (Houghton, 2004, 123). It is evident that global warming is particularly a major threat to people inhabiting coastal areas. Drought, flood and poverty are imminent due to the effects on growth in vegetation in future.
The globe’s temperatures rise affects natural resources. Living things on the globe are affected. For instance, extinction of trees and other organic materials lead to increased drought because plants cannot adapt to the climatical changes, they become extinct leading to deforestation, which has caused droughts in these affected areas (Steyn, 2006, Avery & Singer, 2007). Global warming leads to rise in sea levels in coastal towns as a result of ocean’s habitats like whales, fish, crocodile’s failure to adjusting to the drastic climatical and weather conditions. Most coastal towns have suffered a lot due to rising sea levels (Steyn, 2006).
In the Atlantic and Greenland areas, ice has been melting faster due to increased temperatures. Layers of ice and piled up for thousands of years they have gradually begun to break up and melt, falling into the ocean thus affecting the habitats of the oceans and raising the sea levels. Global warming can be fought in a number of ways (Avery & Singer, 2007).
The most effective way in which global warming can be fought is by looking at its causes, which include; the economic, environmental and political factors which contribute to its increase. There have emerged several schools of thought that aim to address the issue of global warming and the possible solutions across the globe. These schools of thought are categorized as; capitalistic on one extreme and socialistic in the other extreme and in the middle between the two there also exists a democratic model. Capitalistic nations are the sole contributors to global warming due to their profit motives. They look at the environment as a “resource to be exploited for socio-economic benefits” (Weart, 2004, 25, Gelbspan, 2004, 86).
Capitalistic individuals especially the developed nations like the US should change their perception and views of the environment. They should look at the environment not only as a “potential for their social, economic and political growth” (Weart, 2004, 145) but also as resources which need to be protected and preserved by seeing to it that they are not polluted.
The socialist component remains essential in understanding of the fact that various communities can fit together in offsetting climate changes and satisfies the environment requirements that are global. “Democratic approach in the planning” (Gelbspan, 2004, 104) is essential to allow for popular control at the region and at local levels. Full popular “participation with people working through units to which they naturally belong is the essence of democracy in the conversion planning process” (Weart, 2004, 116). Levels beyond and within the interests of capitalism are achievable when socialistic framework is used to deal head on, with sources of the largest scale and most severe environmental destruction (Gelbspan, 2004).
Reducing cars while providing accessibility, confining truck deliveries to a limited radius, expanding and upgrading the neglected and fallen apart railroad system, use of bicycles as a means of transport rather than for leisure, etc, reduces urban air pollution and green house gases in addition to eliminating significant numbers of accidental deaths and injuries, eliminates major burden to the health care, police and legal systems (Weart, 2004, Mathiesen, 2004).
Elimination of “large-scale commercial advertising” (Mathiesen, 2004, 47) could save paper components that require recycling and are a continuous massive depletion of forest resources. They also cost fuel for their processing as well as delivery. The bloated sector of private bureaucracies that deal with personal finance, insurance and taxes should suffer equally as the commercial advertisers. The existence of these activities is dependent upon system-requirements of capitalism, non-provide in any way for the direct satisfaction of human kind (Mathiesen, 2004).
However termination of certain activities in ecological conservation is not equitable to throwing people out of work. This act is capitalistic phenomena conservation involves redefinition of tasks forming part of the plan under which the processes are carried out. The shift away from energy intensive and capital-intensive technologies creates more room for manpower.
Success in the fight against global warming, it is important to “balance between the capitalistic model and the socialistic model” (Weart, 2004, 68) which is achievable through harmonization of the two into the democratic model.
Global warming can also be fought by use of traditional methods. For instance, use of bio fuels, which can be afforded, sources of energy that are renewable, planting more trees and ensuring that energy used is efficient. Thus, the military especially in the US where most fossil fuels are used should minimize its use of oil. The economic sector should also see to it that it is energy efficient so in a bid to ensure that it does not release excess gases, which is not needed (Christianson, 1999, Mathiesen, 2004).
It is evident from the discussion above that global warming has affected our planet adversely and will continue to do so. Rising temperatures and varying climatical changes are being experienced in various regions. Global warming should therefore be considered as a global disaster whose effects and consequences cannot be handled.
Non-governmental organizations that play a major role in influencing the decisions reached in meetings across the globe should see to it that they do not compromise their powers to influence the decisions reached at in such global meetings. Non-governmental organizations are independent and free from influence from any powers.
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