GLOBALIZATION & AFRICAN COUNTRIES
According to FRIDAH MUYALE-MANENJI globalization is influencing the development of the culture and economy of African countries in both positive and negative ways. “GLOBALIZATION” has become a buzzword in the new era of international relations. Basically, it is a process of expanding trade & commerce all over the world by creating a borderless market. But it has had a far-reaching effect on many aspects of life. positive EFFECTS: The globalization has positive influence in the development of culture and economic development of Africa. First of all it is urbanizing the whole Africa.
All countries are freely and widely coming to invest in Africa. Zimbabwe is now importing perfumes & shoes.
Women’s contribution for society is increasing day by day. Difference between men & women are decreasing.
Men & women are both now doing outside activities.
Girls’ education in Africa is the contribution of globalization. Women’s are involving in agriculture, civil servants and in industries. Life style is changing.
NEGATIVE EFFECTS: Like all other things globalization is two edge sharp blade. And it is sharper in negative side, rather than positive. The fact that we are all human does not mean that we are all the same. To ignore this would be destroying God’s own beautiful rainbow made from the many colors of cultural diversity. What is mainly happening in Africa in the name of globalization Globalization is creating more opportunities for capitalist countries rather than for the developing ones.
Foreign investors are able to take over the major revenue enterprises such as tobacco and textile industries, not to mention the only national airline. In Cameroon, banks, agricultural ventures and the national airlines were taken over by foreign investors All in the name of free trade. In Zambia, the spirits, motor and textile industries are almost dead. In Tanzania the leather and textile industries have almost collapsed. Zimbabwe is more certain than a locally manufactured one. “Import” is the in term. Ladies who wear perfume from Paris and shoes from Italy tend to receive more respect than those wearing a locally manufactured brand. Wage difference between men and women growing.
Formal sector of employment diminishes; more women enter the informal sector. Food security in Africa is highly threatened.
In Zimbabwe alone, there is an average of four reported cases of rape every day. Married women getting involved in extra-marital affairs once they cross the border while the spouses they have left behind indulge in the same, complicating and worsening the AIDS pandemic situation. Globalization is destroying the respect of society, culture, language, songs and celebrations of total Africa.