Ian Markham in his book stated his position of faith and its value to human race. Just like the position of Said Nursi. his beginning of political orientation. he steadfastly believed in universe peace that is founded on deep spiritual moralss. For Markham. all faiths of the universe have duty and authorization in maintaining moral moralss alive in the society. This is contrary to the position of Alasdair MacIntyre who claimed that “there are equal non-religious alternate foundations for ethics” ( p. 66 ) ; Aristotle who said that moral averment is “an apprehensible framework” ( p. 68 ) ; and other names in history like Kant. Hume.
Globalization therefore. will do its sense in the absence of hatred and war. and in upholding ethical values instituted in spiritual beliefs worldwide. Though he accepts justification for moralss of other faith. yet he believes that Islam religion could pull clearly the thought of ethical system. Religions of the universe should set up its ain paradigm of moralss for Markham puts it. “… because moral factors should ( and in pattern – do ) determine our public life” ( p. 68 ) . He farther added. “The basic committedness to decency in our public discourse is a moral judgement that the public square demands.
” Furthermore. Markham besides believes that the topographic point of faith is private and non public. which he meant that the State should non command the citizens’ beliefs and patterns but the same should non let any public look of spiritual belief for “public upset would ensue” ( p. 67 ) . Therefore. as Markham tried to explicate. faith has greater duty in keeping universe peace if it holds to the rules of morality and ethical motive ; for merely when religion made sense. ethical model would non hold any sense either.
Comparative Analysis of Markham’s View and Thomas Michel’s on Issue of Ethics and Globalization Thomas Michel the advocator of Catholic faith believes that there are similarities in his position and that of Markham on issue of faith and universe peace. which he called “the moralss of peace” ( p. 37 ) . He recognized the part of these two great individuals to the subject. Pope John Paul II on World’s Day in 2002 delivered a message that proposed. “True peace must rest on …justice and forgiveness” ( p. 37 ) .
Pope explained that peace in signifier of ‘cease-fire’ merely amplify the issue ; while peace may be attained by acquiring to the “heart of the struggle and seek to mend human relations” ( p. 38 ) . He added. when there is subjugation or unfairness peace is impossible. The declaration for universe peace harmonizing to Pope is justness in signifiers of moral virtuousness and legal warrant ; these. he believed are the elements of international system of dealingss among peoples – “full regard for rights and responsibilities” ( P.
38 ) . This construct is closely related with the thought presented by Markham in which. faith has to stand on thought of holding moral and ethical criterion established and practiced in the society. Markham clearly emphasized in his book that the universe “needs profoundly committed orthodox. advocates of each tradition to sketch an ethical system that is both true to the beliefs and patterns of that tradition” ( p. 65 ) .
The Pope emphasized in the message the importance of justness and forgiveness as virtuousnesss people must encompass to hold peace. Qur’an teaches about forbearance. which is a prevailing virtuousness in that book. Yusuf 12 verse 90 of Qur’an says. “One who is aware of God and patient so God will non give up the recompense due to those who do good. ”
Work Cited Markham. Ian S. and Ozdemir. Ibrahim. Globalization. Ethical motives and Islam: The Case of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. Burlington. USA: Ashgate Publishing. Ltd. . 2005