A grant proposal for human service program is an outlined detailed written proposal of the program plan. This plan gives details, and gives a full break down on how the program applying will meet the problems, or issues with their planned course of actions. During this assignment, I will give a full break down on each part of the detailed grant proposal process, and give a better understanding on how the grant is to be presented too. Abstract- A abstract is the complete detailed summery of the grant proposal. This is generally forty five single spaced lines, or a detailed single page length of detail.. The abstract part of the grant more often than not is the shortest section of a proposal; but is the most important and most read section of the grant. The abstract part of the grant proposal is the first part of pages that the potential funding organization would see, and is considered the most important impression. This makes it very important that the abstract is well written, and to make sure that the abstract represents your program effectively, and covers the program from start, and to the ending projected outcome. An abstract will also be used as the programs overall summary for the different reports of the funding sources, from the report to the community, and to the board of directors. Applicants will often use the program abstracts for their own internal reporting, and orientation for the programs. A grant proposal abstract can be a short, narrated, but a very important segment of the document, that has multiple functions. The following information is included Name of agency
Type of organization
Purpose and objectives of the project
Speci?c interventions for the project
Target population: demographic, age, race, gender, SES, special needs, etc. Location(s) and setting(s) of project Relevance of the proposed project to
the funding intentions. Table of Contents-The table of contents gives the funder a detailed understanding, and our text book claims, that it is a road map for the readers to understand the structure of the applicant proposal, and this section can assist them in finding the information they are looking for. The table of contents should be a clear and uncomplicated detailed list that is simple to use, and to understand, and being detailed enough to reference the reader to the right section for the information they are looking for. During the grant proposal writing process, the table of contents should also be used to serve as a checklist and guideline to the grant proposal. Once the proposal has been finished, the correct headings, and page numbers will then be located to the working contents. This is one of the first sections of the proposal, and the last section to be completed. This is an example of table of contents.
Specific Aims-This section gives a general understanding of the basis for the development, and is one of the key parts of the proposal that gives approval for funding. It also gives a detailed brief overview of the proposed program. This section can have different names: needs and problem statement, literature review, or the background and significance. This section will also include all of the key elements as subsections. One of the main issues, or concerns should be to present the case so that the applicant agency completely understands what the program plans to do, and give a explanation on why they are doing what they are proposing to do. This will also show the program planned interventions that are guided by sound theoretical models, and supported by all the constituencies. The applicant agency should be able to understand the theoretical models very well, and receives input from clients and community. It is very important to understand the dynamics of the situation in the target areas, and to know how they affect the target populations. Dealing with the objective information, practice experience, professional knowledge, and support from the affected targeted population; this is the proposal of the following promising interventions. It is very important that when writing this section, much like the whole entire proposal, has to be logical, and written to include every detail, no matter how big or small. This detailed information on the level of intervention will be provided later on in the grant proposal and methods section; there only needs to be a summary, or preview of program objectives and interventions in this section
Needs/Problem Statement- Many agencies will spend a large amount of time writing about the issues, or problems , and trying to justifying a situation, issue, or a problem that needs to be addressed. The mistake that can be made is they do not write enough about how they are going to address the problems, or issues they have identified. Most of the time the funding agency has a good understanding of the identified problem, or issue, agencies would not allocate funding to support service projects that address the issues, or a programs innovative approaches that address the problem. A mistake that is also made, is that instead of describing the funding source in great detail, where the agency is coming from, meaning the issues and problems, the program tends to tell the funding source where it is going ,
such as the projected objectives, interventions, and outcomes. This is the need and issues statement frames that the working hypothesis is the general belief that directs the development of a project proposal. This belief a lot of times is based off of the applicant’s theoretical orientation, philosophical position, practice experience, agency mission, and other assumptions. This is not a research hypothesis that is waiting to be validated. This is a guess or an educated estimate of what could be done to address the identified issues, problems, or needs. Our text book informs us that the same concept as a dog chasing its own tail: that it will go round and round in a circle. The best way to identify and to get reasoning is an acceptance that the argument of “lacking what’s proposed” is not a good argument It is important to include exactly what the community needs the proposed intervention. Questions that our text book gives us as an example are “Without a senior center, what would happen to the older adult population in the community? What can be accomplished in the senior center, if it were established? A strong statement focuses on why the intervention is needed and what would happen if the implementation of the intervention goes through or not—but not on the intervention itself. The programs intervention or help is to better the community, and help with issues, and problems, not to justify its own self existence. Our text book gives us an idea of what should be considered when writing a grant proposal, these are some of the examples that it gives us.
Clearly identi?es the target group
Meets a client/community needs Is cost effective Is a novel approach Builds upon the work of others
Uses existing resources
Promotes interagency cooperation
Fits with the funder’s mandate/mission
Has the potential of being replicated
Literature Review- This part is the review of the literature, the objective is to provide support data, and to have rationales for the arguments in the proposal, and for the development of the interventions the program plans to implement. Literature review should fully cover both professional, academic, along with documentary materials that will support the argument.
This should have reporting of both the account of the identified needs, issues, or problems, and the most current philosophies, or ideals on the issue. The literature review is a process that gives the readers to have a better understanding and appreciation of the issues, problems, or struggles that affect the community, this process will also help to validate the appropriateness and the quality of the proposal. Target Populations- The program that is applying for a grant needs to make a clear case of the population that is at risk, or is in urgent need to be served. In this process it is important to find credible sources that can be quoted, that target, or relate to the issue, or problems the program is targeted. Our textbook informs us that looking up government related statistics can be a help as well. Most importantly the statistics needs to be from a credible source, to be taken seriously. Budget and Budget Justifications – This is a very important aspect in the grant writing process, the budget part of the grant needs to be broken down to the penny, on the expenses, and how the funds will be applied. Things from supplies, offices, travel expenses all must be taken into an account during this process. This has been a detailed breakdown of the information, and format that needs to be taken in order to write a grant proposal. I have given a breakdown on the opening, formatting, and how to address your program when writing a grant proposal. This part of program planning is equally important to get a program started, and made into a reality. It takes great detail, and a step by step process in order to create a program, and get the funding to go along with.