The aim of counselling to help one achieve/access better experience of lifes. A counselling group should include five to eight people. “Group counselling involves individuals who are having difficulties they wish to resolve that are of personal, educational, social or vacational nature”(Corey & Corey,1992)
There are different types of counseling all catering with different issues, for instances
a) Supportive one to one counselling.
This is where one dicides to talk over his/her problems with another person but in privacy and confidentiality.This type of counselling may be very beneficial to a person who just feels he/she needs to be listened to .
b) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive refers to the mental proccess used by humans to remember, understand, solve problems and judge issues.
Behavior describes one’s actions and reactions to things around him.Cognitive Behaviour Therapy therefore aims to help one change his responses to emotions and situations.It helps a person understand his/her thought are resulting in feeling of deppression or fear.CBT is therefore used to help one overcome feeling of deppression, low self esteem and even addiction.
c) Educational counselling
It teaches one how to manage his/her educational expectations and improve academic success.
Apart from these there are also different ways of counselling.
i. by telephone
ii. by e-mail
d) Group conselling
Also referreed to as Group Therapy.This is where a group of people are brought together to talk about their problems. The therapist or counsellor is incharge of the group.The role of the therapist/counsellor is to encourage all the group members to share and express their feeling. Some people may find it therapentic to learn that their problems are not custom- made only for them. The method is however not for everyone as some people may find their issues personal and painful to share with others.
Before one can choose to go for group counselling, there are important points to consider.
a. What one feels most comfortable with
b. The issues that one wants to discuss and how serious they are.
c. How long one has had the particular problems.
d. The type of issues one wants to address(are they phobias,addiction)
It is important that group leaders appreciate the power and strength of groups to maximise on its benefits (Gladdimg, 1994). This is because through group, people can meet their goals and“ relate to others in innovative and productive ways” (McClure, 56).
a) Planning for where the group is to meet and the time beforehand in vital as it leads to better results. Gives one the strength to be more open and assertive.
b) Help one fuel clear as an individual
c) Helps one develop his / her emotional awareness.
d) Help one gain confidence.
Among the benefits of group counselling are as follows:
In a group one is not restricted as far as behaviour is concerned. Therefore should one want to try out speaking loudly or being quiet group is the place to be.
As a result of holding conversations, some of which may personal and emotional, one is able to enrich his/her friendships and adding contacts in its process.
One also gets to compare his/her experience with those of others. This may turn out to prove that they are not (experiences) as bad as one thought. Other benefits of group counselling include the gaining of encourgement by observing the success of others. Being close to successful people leaves one aspiring to be like them.
One may also learn about how others perceive/see him/her. In this way misconceptions can be easily addressed. The feeling of having helped another person has no price and leads to a feeling of well being.
Corey, M. S. & Corey, G. (1992) “Groups: Process and Practice (4th Ed) Pacific Grove, C.a: Brooks/cole
Gladding, S. T. (1994) “Effective Group Counselling “Greensboro NC: Eric/Lass
McClure, B. A. (1990). The group mind: Generative and regressive group Journal for specialists in group work.
T. Gondim, Pedro (2006, September 04) Group and Group counselloing Eznearticles. Retrieved July 17 2007, from http//ezinarticles.come/?Groupsand Groupcounsellingaid=290541
Whitaker, S.D. (2000) Using Group to help people. New York Routledge