Has the fall of communism benefited Russia? I have always wondered how other countries are impacted by communism, because my home country also has a few independent communist parties, such as the CPP. Communism seems like such a perfect form of government, but it does have some flaws. Ever since the fall of communism in 1991, Russia’s economy has plummeted. Communism is an economic system where everything is owned by the government, and everyone is treated and paid equally.
I believe that Russia would be better off if it was still communist, because of its failing economy, high unemployment rate, high inflation, and these are only some of the problems that have occurred since its fall. Since the complete fall of the communist party in 1991, the Russian population has decreased greatly. Communism is an economic system where everything is owned by the government, and everyone is treated and paid equally. The reproduction rate in Russia has decreased about . 38% in less than two decades. With such low births per year, the average age has changed from about 30 years in 1991 to about 50 years today.
At this rate the average age for men and women will be 70 by 2035. With such high unemployment and poverty not many people can afford good medical and prenatal care, and because of this the birth rate is only about 9 births for every 1,000 people, as compared to 11 births in 1992. About 66 out of every 100 Russians do not like the amount of healthcare they get from their jobss, or the government. The birth rate is about half the death rate, which is about 14 deaths for every 1,000 people. This is a 13 percent increase since 1992. Another factor in death is suicide and homicides.
The main cause of suicides and deaths is alcohol poisoning. This makes up about 29 deaths for every 100,000 people. About 40% of all Russians are alcoholics; this is because of the anti-alcohol act from when Russia was making the change from communism to a democracy. Another leading cause is HIV and AIDS, the drug market has increased by 600 percent from 1991. It is expected that 5-10 million Russians will die by 2015, because of the inability to get the right treatment. That is almost 14 percent of the total population. Many HIV/AIDS patients are very young.
After the loss of almost 14 percent of their young population, reproducing and trying to make the population stable again would be almost impossible, because about 80 percent of the population of women would be too old to reproduce. Unemployment and inflation have also been impacted by the fall of communism in Russia. Unemployment rate is high, because the education system is not exact or specific. Almost all of the population, both unemployed and employed are educated. Although 98% of all Russians are educated “One cannot be sure of the extent to which these people can read — it could be Dr. Seuss or it could be Charles Dickens. (www. people). Russia’s unemployment rate had risen from 7. 5 in 1992 to about 12 percent in 2001, and it has increased another 7 percent since then. The average income per household has increased only 0. 1 percent since 2006. With the unemployment rate so high, more than 40% of Russians are below the poverty line, and struggle to care for their families. This is also a factor of why the child mortality rate is so high. Not only are people not making enough money, but the inflation is also incredibly high. Although it has decreased from 940% in 1993 to only 89% now, people still struggle to survive.
Inflation is when all items like food, clothes, and everything else becomes more expensive than it was before, but money does not. Today most Russians trust the dollar more than the Russian ruble (the name for Russian currency), because the dollar is not affected by the high inflation rates. After the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev who was the president of the USSR, Russia has become democratic and has elected its presidents. This new form of government has not benefitted all Russians as it was expected to. Many Russians today still prefer the old ways, instead of switching to a democratic government.
Less than 50 percent of Russians prefer a democratic government. A Russian survey showed that 58 percent of Russians think, “It is a shame that the USSR no longer exists” (www. pewresearch). Russia’s approval to change to democracy was 61 percent, but now it is 53. Although the past non-communist presidents in the previous two decades have made many reforms, and benefited many people, almost 55 percent of all Russians do not like the work Vladimir Putin has done, and less than ten percent of people have faint in any of the government leaders from the past twenty years.
A survey taken by the School of Russian and Asian Studies showed that the majority of Russians chose to vote for the United Russian party, and that the second majority of Russians would rather vote for the Communist Party called (KRPF). Many Russian people believe that the biggest problem they face at the moment is an unreliable government, and 15-20 percent of Russian voters say that they would prefer to not vote at all, because of their dissatisfaction with previous elections. Ethnic tolerance is also considered an issue by many Russians.
Almost 45 percent of all Russians want to teach ethnic values, and tolerance. They believe that foreign relations have gotten worse, instead of getting better after The Cold War, like they wanted. Russia is one of the few post-communist countries, which would prefer to be communist again, the other countries who also agree with Russia are Hungary at 72%, Ukraine with 62%, and Bulgaria whose citizens also wish to be communist, Overall Russia’s economy has suffered greatly, because of the fall of communism, and the Berlin wall.
The high inflation, unemployment rate, and failing foreign relationships with other post-communist European countries, has greatly decreased their income. The high drug and disease rate in teens and young children makes life too expensive for parents to be able to pay it all. Even though Russia has struggled economically, sense the fall of the USSR, it has had a lot of breakthroughs and achievements culturally. They have had many new cultural achievements in fields, like music, literature, art, and dance. We too have been influenced by them in such a short time, such as Operas, ballet, jewelry, and architecture.
Over the next 20 years Russia’s population is going to decreases dramatically, because of the multiple problems that have been created from the change of government in Russia. In order to fix the problems that have been created by the change to a democratic government it will take decades to fix the damage that has been caused to the people of Russia. The government must focus on creating more jobs, and making elections fairer. The more jobs there are, the less the unemployment rate will be, and the more affordable things will become. However the inflation will remain a problem for a long time.
The many problems that Russia currently faces, such as a 14% decrease in population, a 55% unsatisfactory rate of voters, and unstable foreign relationships with other European countries, such as Poland, France, and Ukraine. Although the fall of communism has benefitted Russia in a cultural way, its economy has suffered greatly. The problems created definitely outweigh the anything that actually has been fixed, and that is exactly why Russia should go back to a communist government, because it could potentially fix all of the current issues, that would otherwise take decades to fix.
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