History of Black Nurses Essay

Trained schools for pupils who wanted to prosecute a calling in nursing came approximately in the 1800s when Florence Nightingale advocated the thought. The lone pupils that were accepted into these plans where white pupils. inkinesss were non allowed any instruction during this clip. Blacks were non given equal rights as the white people. and were denied the right to hold an instruction.

There were many black immature adult females who were really interested in nursing. and were dedicated to prosecute their dream. and wouldn’t halt seeking until they were given equal rights and accepted into these nursing plans. Some black adult females would follow along with the black soldiers in the Civil War and supply attention to these wounded soldiers. every bit good as provide nutrient. and besides learn them to read and right.

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The first school of nursing was formed after two black work forces in Chicago. Illinois won the support of their community. and made a infirmary out of a little brick edifice. The black people besides came together to organize the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. an organisation formed to protect the black nursing profession. and to halt favoritism towards them.

History of Black Nurses During the early 1800s nursing was chiefly caring for the ill by household members or slaves. Nurses provided attention in places. and when World War I and II came approximately. nurses were sent away to supply attention to the hurt soldiers. There was non a trained system for nurses to larn and derive experience in the profession. so all of the attention that the ill were provided was by untrained nurses.

It wasn’t until Florence Nightingale recognized the thought of supplying a trained. organized system for nurses to larn before they worked as a professional nurse. Many schools arose out of her thought. nevertheless white pupils were merely accepted into these nursing schools. inkinesss were non accepted. Black people were non given equal rights as the Whites. and were denied the right for instruction and were hence. denied credence into these nursing plans.

Mary Eliza Mahoney was born to Charles and Mary Jane Mahoney in 1845. in Boston. Massachusetts. She began to demo an involvement in nursing when she was a adolescent. and worked at the New England Hospital for Women and Children as an unofficial nurse assistance. a cook. janitor. and washwoman. When she was 33 old ages old. she was accepted to a nursing plan. as one of forty-two. being the lone black pupil. ( Hines. 2004 ) . Although she had to cover with racial favoritism and long hours of talks and patient attention. she made it to the terminal of the plan as one of four. In 1879. she graduated from the New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston. doing her the first black professional nurse in the United States.

After Mary Mahoney graduated from nursing school. she worked chiefly as a private responsibility nurse for the following 30 old ages. Her work became widespread as a private responsibility nurse. Her patient’s loved her composure. and professionalism. and she began having petitions from different provinces. ( Haltey. 2010 ) . After working for private responsibility for 30 old ages. Mahoney opened a manager of an orphanhood in Long Island. New York. and remained there for the following 10 old ages. In 1908. she became a cofounder to the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. ( Hines. 2004 ) .

Mary Mahoney became an inspiration to many black adult females desiring to prosecute a calling in nursing. She fought through favoritism. every bit good as the force per unit areas of nursing school. and graduated with a nursing grade. She helped to open the door for the black population that wanted to go a professional nurse and put an terminal to the favoritism.

Susie King Taylor was born a slave in 1848 on the Grest household farm in Georgia. When Susie was seven old ages old her proprietor. Mr. Grest. allowed her to travel to Savannah with her Grandmother who had been antecedently freed by him. ( MacLean. 2007 ) . Susie was denied instruction because she was black. nevertheless. her Grandmother would non allow this halt her from going educated. Susie was sent following door to the neighbour who taught her how to read and compose for the following two old ages. and after she learned this. she was sent to a few other people to go educated.

At 14 old ages old. Susie was taken by boat by Union Soldiers to St. Simon’s Island. Here she met her future hubby. Edward King. an ground forces sergeant. She worked with the First Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers. which was made up of slaves. who had been freed by the Union Army. Susie was asked to get down a school for kids on St. Simon’s Island. and she volitionally agreed. Susie taught about 40 kids. and she besides taught grownups at dark. ( MacLean. 2007 ) .

In 1863. Susie traveled with her husband’s regiment. She became the first black nurse during the Civil War. and helped to care for hurt soldiers. During her off hours she taught the soldiers how to read and compose. and besides cooked and laundered for them. She wrote in her diary about the nursing deficits during the war. and was happy to supply nursing attention to the ill soldiers. She continued to function as a nurse until the war ended in 1865. ( MacLean. 2007 ) .

When the war was over. her and her hubby moved to Savannah. Georgie. In 1866 she opened a school for freed black kids. Shortly after the school opened. and Susie gave birth to her boy. her hubby Edward King passed off. In the 1870s. Susie moved to Boston and remarried nine old ages subsequently. She besides joined and became president of the Women’s Relief Corps. which was an association for the Veterans of the Civil War.

After being asked by the Women’s Relief Corps. every bit good as the Army. she agreed to compose an autobiography about her experiences during the war. In 1902. Susie King Taylor published her autobiography. Reminiscneces of my Life in Camp: A Black Woman’s Civil War Memoirs. ( MacLean. 2007 ) . In 1902. Susie received a missive from the dominating officer in the First South Carolina voluntaries saying. “I most unfeignedly regret that through a trifle you are barred from holding your name placed on the axial rotation of pensionaries. as an Army nurse ; for among all the figure of epic adult females whom the authorities is now honoring. I know of no 1 more deserving than yourself. ” ( MacLean. 2007 ) .

Adah Thoms was born in 1870 in Richmond. Virginia. Before she pursued a nursing calling. she attended school analyzing elocution and address at Cooper Union. Shorty after. she attended the Women’s Infirmary and School of Therapeutic Massage and graduated in 1900. She was the lone black adult female of 30 pupils. ( White. 2010 ) . She besides attended the Lincoln Hospital and Home School of Nursing. After graduating she became adjunct overseer of nurses at the Lincoln Hospital and Home School of Nursing for 18 old ages. During her old ages at that place. she added another class to the nursing course of study. public wellness. and made public wellness a recognized field of nursing. ( White. 2010 ) .

Adah Thoms helped with Martha Franklin. and Mary Mahoney to form the National Association for Colored Graduate Nurses. and was appointed as its first financial officer. and was later president of the organisation for seven old ages. She was besides really dedicated to guaranting equal chances for black nurses. and worked difficult to seek and accomplish these rights.

Thoms worked with the presidents of the American Red Cross to convert the Surgeon General to let black nurses to inscribe in the Army Nurse Corps. ( White. 2010 ) . Black adult females would enlist to seek and function as nurses during World War I. nevertheless the Surgeon General refused to allow any black nurses serve. Eighteen black adult females were finally accepted to function as nurses during WWI due to the nursing deficits. and were merely allowed to supply attention to black soldiers. ( White. 2010 ) .

Thoms was recognized for her dedication to obtaining equal rights for black nurses. She added to the nursing course of study. served in the NAGCN as financial officer and president. worked with the Red Cross to run for equal rights of black nurses. and opened the door for nurses to function in the armed forces. For her courage and committedness. she was the first to have the Mary Mahoney award when it was established in 1936. and was besides inducted into the American Nursing Hall of Fame in 1976. ( White. 2010 )

Mabel Keaton Staupers was born in 1890. in Barbados. In 1903 she moved with her household to the United States. and made a place in Harlem. She graduated from Freedman’s Hospital School of Nursing in Washington. DC in 1917. and began her nursing calling as a private responsibility nurse. In 1920. she collaborated with Dr. Louis T. Wright. and Dr. James Wilson. to form the Booker T. Washington Sanatorium. which was the first installation in Harlem where black physicians could handle black patients. ( American Nurses Association. 2010 ).

In 1922 she was assigned to make a study for the Harlem country for the wellness demands of the community. With the consequences of this study. the New York Tuberculosis and Health Association was organized. and Mabel Staupers was the first Executive Secretary. and kept this place for the following 12 old ages. ( American Nurses Association. 2010 ) .

In 1934. Mabel was appointed as the first nurse executive of the NACGN. During this clip she began a run for nurses to derive integrating into the Armed Forces Nurses Corps. and by 1941 black nurses were allowed into the Army. but non with full integrating. and the US navy continued to forestall black nurses from inscribing. Staupers gained the aid of Eleanor Roosevelt. who was foremost lady at the clip. and wrote a missive to Franklin D. Roosevelt to acknowledge black nurses. With support from the populace. the Army and Navy both accepted black nurses by January. 1945. ( American Nurses Association. 2010 ) .

Mabel Staupers is recognized for stoping the favoritism of coloured nurses. and leting the coloured nurses full integrating into the Armed Forces Nurses Corps. She was appointed president of the NACGN in 1949. and the association voted itself out in 1951. and merged with the American Nurses Association after their end of full professional integrating had been met. In 1951. Staupers was given the award for the Spingarn Medal from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. and published an autobiography in 1961 called. No Time for Prejudice: A Story of the Integration of Negroes in Nursing in the United States. ( American Nurses Association. 2010 ) .

The first school of nursing for inkinesss was formed in 1891 in Chicago Illinois. ( Provident Hospital History. 2010 ) . Emma Reynolds was a immature black adult females seeking to derive an instruction to prosecute a calling in nursing. She applied to nursing schools in Chicago. and had been denied by everyone. for the simple fact that she was a black adult female.

Her brother was Reverend Louis Reynolds. who felt that something should be done so that black adult females could be educated in nursing. He sought aid from a well-thought-of black sawbones in Chicago. Dr. Daniel Hale Williams. The two of them gained support from their community. many inkinesss. and a few white citizens. They were given contributions of supplies. equipment. and fiscal support. The Armour Meat Packing Company had secured a down payment on a three narrative brick house with 12 beds. that they turned into the first school of nursing for inkinesss. Provident Hospital. ( Provident Hospital History. 2010 ) .

Many black nurses have made history as they were fighting for equal rights for their profession. During this battle. the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was formed in 1908. ( Massey. 1993 ) . The laminitis of this association was Martha Franklin. with cofounders Mary Eliza Mahoney. and Adah Thoms. This association was founded to contend favoritism towards black people who wanted an instruction in nursing. every bit good as being a portion of the American Nurses Association.

The association fought long and hard for their rights as peers. and led runs across the United States. One of its biggest accomplishments was successfully contending for full integrating of black nurses into the Armed Forces Nurses Corps. After black nurses were allowed to function in the US Army and Navy. they were besides allowed full integrating into the ANA. After this association gained their right to go educated in nursing. be a portion of the nurses in the US Army and Navy. and fall in the ANA. they voted their egos out and merged with the American Nurses Association in 1951. ( Massey. 1993 ) .

The black population in the 1800s were non given equal rights as the white population. They were denied many rights. and instruction was one of them. Many brave adult females struggled to contend to set an terminal to favoritism. and to be able to prosecute a calling in the field that they loved. nursing. It took a batch of difficult work and dedication. nevertheless they made it happened. These adult females opened the doors for other black people who wanted to go a professional nurse. and because of them all minorities are now welcome into the field of nursing.