HIV/AIDS with the human immunological disorder virus (HIV)

HIV/AIDS Disease Paper

Shivjit S. Thind

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California State University, Fresno













     On November 7, 1991, Earving “Magic”
Johnson who played for the Los Angeles Lakers, was diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. The
world was in awe as one of the best basketball players was HIV positive. He is
still alive and healthy today as he receives treatment for this disease. HIV stands for human immunological disorder virus. It
attacks the T cells in our bodies and it interferes with our body’s ability to
effectively fight viruses that cause diseases. Also, the virus ends up in AIDS immune
deficiency syndrome, that may be a life threatening condition. Nationwide, HIV/AIDS
became illustrious within the early 1980’s, however, studies have shown that
HIV/AIDS has been around since the 1950’s. HIV/AIDS may be a preventable virus that,
if everyone is given the proper education, will shield himself or herself. Furthermore, HIV is transmitted
through heterosexual associated/or
homosexual contact with an infected partner. The most effective protection throughout sexual contact isn’t to possess sex;
however, if sex is going on, the foremost effective protection
is condoms.

     Vaccination may be
a crucial element for guaranteeing the health of these living with the human
immunological disorder virus (HIV) by protection against vaccine-preventable
diseases. Since HIV-infected persons could have reduced immune responses and
shorter durations of protection post-vaccination, HIV-specific tips are printed
by world and national consultative organizations to handle these potential
considerations. There are a lot of comprehensive tips and evidence-based
information for protection HIV-infected adults, together with steerage on
changed vaccine dosing and testing ways, moreover as safety issues, to
reinforce protection among this vulnerable population. There are vaccines for
specific risk and age teams as well (Crum-Cianflone 2017).

     While nice strides
are created in diagnostic and treatment ways, human immunological disorder
virus (HIV) remains a serious public health epidemic. The Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report article
highlights current areas of concern relating to HIV diagnosing and care. The
office estimates that 1.2 million folks within the U.S. reside with HIV. Of
them, 86% have received a diagnosing (14% stay unknown and unaware), however
solely 40% are engaged in care and a 30% are virally suppressed. Emergency
departments (EDs) will play a serious role in combatting the HIV epidemic
through regular screening and facilitating linkage to chronic HIV care.
Universal opt-out screening as suggested by the office in 2006 has been shown
to be effective however pricy, and has not been wide enforced in EDs
nationwide. Cost effective models and a revived commitment from ED suppliers are
required to boost ED-based HIV containment ways (Menchine 2016).

     Every year for the
past decade, just about 50,000 individuals are diagnosed with HIV or AIDS
within the USA, and the incidence of HIV/AIDS varies significantly from state
to state. Studies have shown that health care services, most notably treatment
with combination antiretroviral medical care, will facilitate individuals
living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) live healthier, longer lives, and forestall the
unfold of HIV from person to person. Additionally, social services, reminiscent
of housing support and provision of meals, have conjointly shown to be
necessary for serving to PLWHA adhere to antiretroviral treatment and maintain
contact with health care suppliers for improved health outcomes. Though payment
on health care and social services for PLWHA varies across the USA, the
connection between state-level payment on these services and HIV/AIDS-related
outcomes isn’t clear. We therefore conducted a scientific review of
peer-reviewed literature to spot studies that explore state-level payment on
health care services and/or social services for PLWHA and HIV/AIDS-related
health outcomes within the USA (Talbert-Slagle 2015).

     In some components
of the globe there are still wars being fought and dictators in power. There
are societies that think about themselves at the height of evolution and
progress. they’re ready to produce state of the art cars, luxurious homes,
economical and arranged industries, complicated computerized machinery and
atomic weapons. several societies are ruled by a democratic system that heralds
belief in freedom. All societies, despite their political and economic makeup,
are dominated by a special category of dictators these dictators are unseen to
the oculus, and are unconquerable. These invisible tyrants are microorganisms.
Underdeveloped countries, technologically advanced countries, and those in
between are at the mercy of those microorganisms, that come back in many forms
– viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. the foremost dangerous of these forms
is that the virus. Some viruses, resembling the common contagion, are
thought-about to have a fairly prejudicial capability. The contagion will
incapacitate somebody’s for several weeks with numerous symptoms resembling
bodily soreness, fever, bronchial complications, and even respiratory disorder.
however whereas these conditions may be painful and frightening, we have a
tendency to are typically assured that correct medication and rest can take
care of the matter. but there’s a far a lot of severe and indiscriminate tyrant,
with huge corrupting influence, capable of infiltrating all of civilization.
Scientifically, it’s a submicroscopic microorganism consisting of a particle of
super molecule, enveloped in proteins, and ready to replicate only within a
living cell. Socially, it’s to blame for a massive quantity of chaos and worry
within the world these days, and pronounces the human fault of cognitive
content. Can it’s thought-about to be a contemporary plague? This complicated
and confusing king of all tyrants is named Human immunological disorder Virus,
or HIV. HIV may be an animal virus. Retroviruses are unremarkably known in
several animal species, however HIV and its variants, resembling HTLV I, HTLV
II, HTLV III are among the rare retro viruses found in humans. it’s transmitted
through blood, semen, and duct secretions. HIV may be an animal virus of the
Lentivirus cluster and is that the etiologic agent of Acquired Immune
Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

     HIV in Africa has
unfolded quickly around the world. Additional sixty million folks are infected
with HIV, and every day, around 14,000 new infections occur. HIV isn’t confined
too rich and industrialized countries after all, the HIV epidemic has had the
foremost severe leads to the developing nations of the planet. Of all the
regions within the world, geographical area appears to be hardest hit by HIV.
AIDS is that the leading explanation for death during this region, and has
reduced the common lifespan by ten years. In 2001, 2.3 million Africans died of
HIV/AIDS. The epidemic is hardest to fight during this region as a result of
the resources and cash required isn’t on the market. Though AIDS is most
current during this region, only 1.6 of world AIDS analysis cash goes to
Africa. Thanks to the widespread effects of HIV/AIDS, it’s necessary that
international commitment exists to finish the epidemic. AIDS is over simply a
public unhealthiness. The epidemic has effects on the event of countries. It
will increase financial condition, produce massive numbers of orphans, destroy
the men, and strain attention services. Basic care in Africa for someone
infected with AIDS will price 2-3 times the patient’s annual financial gain. There’s
no cure for somebody infected with HIVAIDS. However, there are unit ways that
to stop the long run unfold of the virus. UNAIDS, that may be a world
organization agency designed to report on and work against the AIDS epidemic,
promotes a comprehensive bar arrange. This arrange includes programs to push
behavior modification, increase safety use, diagnose and treat
“opportunistic diseases”, target bar against high risk teams, and
guarantee a secure medical blood offer.

     This paper examines
HIV/AIDS, also known as human immunodeficiency virus and its possible
vaccinations. The idea of extinguishing this epidemic in hospitals across the
country is expanded on as well. The political and social aspect of this disease
is looked at and policymakers’ perspectives are taken into consideration.
Furthermore, the level of spending on health care and social services on a
state level for those who are HIV-positive is discussed in this paper too.
HIV-specific guidelines have been published for both national and global
organizations to address these concerns.


















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