Throughout history, culture and societies, have been ever changing. No one society has stayed the same for a long amount of time. Instead, societies change every day. These changes can come from influences such as, other societies and better techniques. Many societies change even when they do not want to, but by force. Are these changes that are being made good? Are these changes bad? How does change affect the people who have to make it? It does seem that change is a bad thing for all people, all the time. Although history and life lived today shows otherwise and yet it also shows that it can be bad.
Focusing on the change made by the Cherokee nation, Haiti, Incas, and Spanish one will see the changes made and the effects it had on those people. The good and the bad will be brought out. Keeping an open mind to change is a good technique when first approached with a possible chance of a change needing to be made or a change actually being made. United States Influence on Cherokee Nation The Cherokee Indians were part of a matrilineal clan. These clans involved thousands of people. They had big man or village head who was a leader of the clan. Their religion was based on mythical ancestors.
Their descent groups came through their mother’s family. The United States were an Industrial Nation State. Their population consisted of millions of people, they enforce taxes, and marriages were based love. The Industrial Nation States religion was worship of one god or worship of no god. Everything was going good for the Cherokee; they were going through a prosperous time. Unfortunately, that prosperous time was short lived for the Cherokee. Gold was found on the Cherokee land in Georgia and the United States had to get to it.
The only way to get to the gold was to make the tribes move to other lands. Political pressure was exerted by President Andrew Jackson to confiscate Indian lands and remove the Cherokees to the West. Numerous injustices against the Cherokee Nation culminated in the signing of the Treaty of New Echota. Those who signed the treaty did not have the authority to represent the entire Cherokee Nation. Nevertheless, the treaty stood” (2012, “Cherokee,” para. 9). The Cherokee was forced to move when their homes were taken and many of the Cherokee was held in stockades, this journey became known as the “Trail of Tears”. The “Trail of Tears” was a six-month long journey.
More than four thousand members of the Cherokee died during this journey due to harsh terrain, cold weather, and starvation. They settled in different places such as Oklahoma and Arkansas. This is where change due to American influence became to take place. Some examples of the changes that took place include their government, language, religion, and leaders. To avoid being relocated again, the Cherokee, became entirely Americanized while trying to keep their independence. Instead of wearing their normal clothing, they began to wear the western clothing like the Americans were wearing.
To be even more like the United States, the Cherokee developed their own government very similar to that of the United States. The Cherokee government included different branches that preformed the same duties as the branches of the United States government. Also, the Cherokee wrote their very own constitution. Before the United States forced the Cherokee to move the Cherokee women held power and were valued in their society. As the Cherokee began to watch the United States they saw that the United States didn’t value their women like the Cherokee did. Therefore, the Cherokee decided that they wouldn’t value their women as much.
All of this happened because the Cherokee just wanted to be more like the United States. Also, the Cherokee schools started to adapt their teachings to the curriculum of the United States. Therefore, some of that curriculum the Cherokee adapted included things such as science, writing, and reading. To continue using the United States teaching the Cherokee had to adapt and change their language. The Cherokee wrote their own syllabary to make teaching their language easier. Also, by writing their own syllabary they could begin to read and write on their stories and read stories others had written.
The language adaption helped the Cherokee reach a level of being as equal as the Americans that surrounded them. “Traditional Cherokee beliefs were based on nature and in many of the oral histories animals take on the roles of deities” (2006, “Cherokee Language & Culture,” pg. 2, para. 2). Throughout a year’s time they celebrated six traditional festivals or religious observances. These religious festivals include: First New Moon of Spring Festival, The Green Corn Ceremony, The Mature Green Corn Ceremony, The Great New Moon Festival, Ten days after the New Moon, and The Winter Festival.
All of these ceremonies included things such as fasting, feasting, dancing, purifications, and offering of tobacco. After watching the American’s religions the Cherokee began to adapt those religions and make them their own. “Today, there are 26 Baptist churches alone in the Cherokee’s Qualla Boundary. There are also Methodists, Catholics, Episcopalians and Mormons” (2006, “Cherokee Language ; Culture,” pg. 2, para. 4). Although the Cherokee practice the same religions as the Americans they still preform their own ceremonies and do the same rituals such as; the stomp dance, feather dance, and stick ball.
Africa’s Influence on Haiti Haiti is not a part of Africa. Haiti is an independent country with their own government and president. Haiti is home to approximately five million people. Although, Haiti is an independent country with its own government and a large population they want to join Africa. According to Graca Machel (2011) “we Africans share a bond of common ancestry with the People of Haiti” (para. 1). Africa is to the point of being a well-established industrialized nation state. Africa has urban areas, they have army’s, they enforce taxes, and just like every