Information and Communication Technology ( ICT ) , as a medium for instruction is playing an of import function to back up larning as a different schoolroom activities, group work, squad work undertakings, individalisation, interaction and pupil motive etc. ICTs have the possible to heighten information distribution, acquisition, instruction and managing of educational services and do them low-cost and available anytime, anyplace.
In e-learning, the donees of the ICT are illustrated by Robertson ( 2003, pp. 284-285 ) :
Information engineering promises to present more acquisition for every pupil accomplished in less clip ; to guarantee ‘individualization ‘ no affair how big and diverse the category ; to pass over out the differences and disadvantages associated with race, gender, and category ; to change and yet standardise the course of study ; to take subjectiveness from pupil rating ; to do coverage and record maintaining a catch ; to maintain subject jobs to a lower limit ; to heighten professional acquisition and discourse ; and to transform the damaged teacher-centered schoolroom into that encomium of teaching method: the constructivist, student-centered schoolroom,
Globalization and technological alteration have created a new planetary economic system “ powered by engineering, fueled by information and driven by cognition. ” ( US Department of Labor, 1999 ) , The growing of such planetary economic system has serious deductions for the nature and intent of educational establishments. Information and communicating engineerings ( ICTs ) which include interanet, Internet, computing machine, wireless and telecasting have been touted as potentially powerful tools for quality and measure instruction. ICTs support to spread out entree to instruction, beef up the relevancy of instruction to the progressively digital workplace, and raise educational quality by, among others, assisting do instruction and larning into an engaging, active procedure connected to existent life.
ICT is defined as a “ diverse set of technological tools and resources used to pass on, and to make, circulate, shop, and manage information. “ 4
ICTs have the potency for developing states to better the relevancy and quality of instruction every bit good as accessiblity from anyplace for everyone. It therefore represents a potentially equalizing scheme for developing states.
[ ICTs ] greatly facilitate the acquisition and soaking up of cognition, offering developing states unprecedented chances to heighten educational systems, better policy for- mulation and executing, and widen the scope of chances for concern and the hapless. One of the greatest adversities endured by the hapless, and by many others who live in the poorest states, is their sense of isolation. The new communications engineerings promise to cut down that sense of isolation, and to open entree to knowledge in ways impossible non long ago.12
How can ICTs aid spread out entree to instruction?
ICTs are a potentially powerful tool for widening educational chances, both formal and non-formal, scattered and rural populations, groups belong to multiple civilization or society such as cultural minorities, misss and adult females, individuals with disablements, and the aged, every bit good as all others who for grounds of cost or clip restraints are unable to acquire eduction.
- Anytime, anyplace. The major characteristic ICTs is their ability to exceed clip and infinite. ICTs make possible asynchronous acquisition. Online class stuffs, may be accessed round the clock. ICT-based educational bringing for illustration educational scheduling broadcast over wireless or telecasting besides distributes or present to carry through the demand for all scholars and the teacher to be in one physical location. Furthermore, certain types of ICTs, such as teleconferencing engineerings, enable direction to be received at the same time.
- Entree to remote learning resources. Rely on printed books, liabraries and other educational resoruces bound to tearchers and scholars to travel from one topographic point to another every bit good as spend money to run into their educational demands. But, the interanet, extranet, and internet provide batch of larning stuff in about every field of life. This package of larning stuff which is available electronically can be accessed from anyplace at anytime by limitless figure of scholars or users. ICTs besides facilitate entree to resource wise mans, experts, research workers, professionals, concern leaders, equals and even anybody either belong to any field, capable, profession etc all over the universe.
- Research has shown that the appropriate usage of ICTs can catalyse the paradigmatic displacement in both content and teaching method that is at the bosom of instruction reform in the 21st century.19 ICT-supported instruction can advance the acquisition of the cognition and accomplishments. ICTs tools particularly computing machines and Internet engineerings provide beforehand manner of presenting cognition and larning instead than merely allow instructors and pupils to make what they have done earlier in a better manner. These new ways of instruction and acquisition are supported by constructivist theories of acquisition and represent a displacement from a teacher-centered teaching method.
- Active acquisition. ICT-enhanced acquisition mobilizes tools for scrutiny, computation and analysis of information, therefore supplying a platform for pupil enquiry, analysis and building of new information. Learners hence learn as they do and, whenever appropriate, work on real-life jobs in-depth, doing larning less abstract and more relevant to the scholar ‘s life situa- tion. In this manner, and in contrast to memorization-based or rote acquisition, ICT-enhanced larning promotes increased learner battle. ICT-enhanced acquisition is besides “ just-in-time ” acquisition in which scholars can take what to larn when they need to larn it.
- Collaborative acquisition. ICT-supported acquisition encourages interaction and cooperation among pupils, instructors, and experts irrespective of where they are. Apart from patterning real-world interactions, ICT-supported acquisition provides learners the chance to work with people from different civilizations, thereby assisting to heighten scholars ‘ teaming and communicative accomplishments every bit good as their planetary consciousness. It theoretical accounts larning done throughout the scholar ‘s life-time by spread outing the larning infinite to include non merely equals but besides wise mans and experts from dif- ferent Fieldss.