These reform movements took place in six categories. Temperance, education, women???‚a„?s rights, abolition, insane and prison reforms. ???‚Ns???‚? Jackson for ever! ???‚a„? was therefore screamed from the majority of mouths, both drunk and sober, till he was elected. ???‚N? (Document 4) Frances Trollope of England wrote this in her book Domestic Manners of the Americans. This describes how dependent American society was on alcohol. As a result, Neal Dow helped pass the first prohibition law in 1846; the Maine Law.
By 1860, Horace Mann of Massachusetts help to make sure that every state has compulsory childhood education. Women???‚a„?s rights became increasingly popular during the Second Great Awakening. It had its roots in the abolition movement. Document C depicts a women in chains, this is more than likely how women of that era felt about their position in government or anywhere else for that matter. Many women were involved in this reform movement such as the Grimke sisters, Susan B.
Anthony, Lucretia Mott, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. According to Document I, Elizabeth Cady Stanton made this statement at Seneca Falls on August 2, 1848. ???‚Ns???‚A¦But we are assembled to protest against a form of government, existing without the consent of the governed???‚a€?to declare our right to be free as man is free, to be represented in the government which we are taxed to support, to have such disgraceful laws as give man the power to chastise and imprison his wife???‚A¦.
And, strange as it may seem to many, we now demand our right to vote according to the declaration of the government under which we live. ???‚N? (Document I) Abolition once again played a role in American society again. The reform movement began actually in 1816 when the American Colonization Society was founded. Many influential people reported why they wanted abolition in the ???‚NsLiberator???‚N? an abolitionist newspaper, especially William Lloyd Garrison. The insane reform movement was lead by Dorothea Dix who investigated the treatment of the insane.
The Prison reform movement ended capital punishment and flogging. It also led to juvenile delinquency. According to Document A, people did not know what to do with minors that committed a crime. ???‚NsTo confine these youthful criminals???‚A¦where no, or scarcely any, distinction can be made between the young and old, or between the more and less vicious, where little can be learned but the ways of the wicked, and from whence they must be sent to encounter new wants, new temptations, and to commit new crimes, is to pursue course, as little reconcilable with justice as humanity; yet, till the House of Refuge was established there was no alternative. ???‚N? (Document A) As time passed tolerance of diversity came along with these democratic ideals. They not only changed society, they changed a country on the verge of a civil war. Ultimately, however, because of these ideals and the theology of the Second Great Awakening, the chance of war precipitated and tore a country in two.