Identify and analyze
the differences and similarities between the nursing process and the education
As stated by Bastable in “Nurse as Educator: Principles of Teaching and
Learning for Nursing Practice,” the nursing process and the education process
are quite similar. She claims that they both follow the same steps to achieve
their goal (2014). The steps involved in both aspects consist of assessment,
planning, implementation, and evaluation. When using these steps to achieve the
nursing process the nurse must assess the patient, plan what care to provide,
carry out that plan, and determine its effectiveness. When using this process
for education, the nurse must determine what the patients learning needs are
and which type of teaching would best suit the patient. Once that has been
determined, the nurse should formulate a plan to teach this patient based on
their individual needs. The teaching plan should then be carried out, and its
success should be evaluated. In both cases, if the evaluation is found to be
negative, a new plan needs to be implemented and then reevaluated until the
goal is met.
Both of these processes have the ultimate goal of benefitting the patient.
However, the nursing process typically involves providing physical or psychosocial
care (Bastable, 2014). The education process takes this further by teaching the
patient how to apply these skills or concepts independently. Thus, the goal of
the two processes are different. The nursing goal is to provide care and get
the patient healthy, whereas the education goal is to allow the patient and/or
their family members to provide their own care and stay healthy.
Another difference is that the nursing process can be carried out
independently by the nurse. The nurse if the sole participant. The education process
involves multiple people, including the teacher and the learner or learners (Bastable,
2014). This can create difficulties if the teacher and the student are not on
the same page. It is important for the teacher to understand which teaching
techniques will be most beneficial to the learning. Also the teacher cannot
successfully teach if the learner is not engaged and willing to accept new
information. If the patient is unwilling to change their behavior, the
techniques used by the nurse are mute.
Perhaps the biggest difference is that teaching and learning can be done
in a multitude of ways, whereas nursing care is more limited. There are only so
many correct ways to clean a wound or insert a Foley. Education can be provided
verbally, visually, or physically in many different ways. Thankfully this
allows the nurse to pull from many different sources. In addition to demonstrations,
the nurse can provide reading material, videos to watch, websites to reference,
and so much more. Teaching of patients is superior to providing care in a lot
of ways, but most importantly care can only be provided when the patient is
under their care. If a patient receives proper education during their time with
the nurse, they can apply these changes long after they leave the facility.
Employing proper teaching and learning techniques can lead to patients living
longer and healthier lifestyles.
Bastable, S. B.
(2014). Nurse as educator:
principles of teaching and learning for nursing practice (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones &
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