Evidence and Logical Argument (LOGOS): reasoning-drawing a conclusion based on evidence Brainstorming involves spontaneously listing topics that enter your mind without first evaluating them. The idea is to list as many possible choices that will be critically examined later. There are several brainstorming procedures to help select a topic. Make an inventory of interests, skills, or experiences you have. Categorize topics into people, places, events, stories, issues, and so forth.
Browse through reference materials such as encyclopedias and dictionaries, Use a reach engine on the Internet to help you find a topic. Ideas based on information you read or viewed from the media After brainstorming topics for which you have interest and experience, begin to talk with colleagues to clarify your position. For your first classroom or club speech, it is a good idea to select a topic you already know about and are familiar with so you will be able to inform your audience about this topic. Begin with the following steps.
Make a list of your interests such as sports, games, hobbies, club memberships, travels, lifestyles, books, TV shows, and animals. Consider your audience and decide which of these topics would interest them the most. Once you narrow the choices to one topic, break it down into subtopics. From the subtopics, see if you can narrow them to meet your time considerations. These steps provide a systematic way to select a focused topic toward a successful first speech. Determine your general purpose. The general purpose is the overall goal of the speech.
It is what you intend to accomplish with the speech. The general purpose may be one Or more of the following. TO inform: The goal is to communicate information and enhance knowledge and understanding of your audience. To persuade: The goal is to change attitudes or opinions of the audience or to influence them to do or believe something. To entertain: The goal is to make a point or celebrate a person or event through humor, stories, and examples. Determine the specific purpose. The specific purpose is a more focused goal of the speech.
You indicate precisely what your audience ants to know or believe after the speech. Phrase as a statement not a question. Limit to one distinct idea. Do not be too vague or general. Determine the thesis statement or central idea. The central idea further refines the specific purpose statement. It is more precise than the topic or the specific purpose. It sums up the speech in a single declarative statement that your audience can understand. It must consist of one idea, as anything more than this will confuse the message. It encapsulates the main points to be developed in the body of the speech.