Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is common chronic condition correlated with muscle and
skeletal pain 1 characterized by fascia
tenderness and myofascial trigger points (MTrPs)
2,3. Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are hyperirritable spots present in a taut band (TB) of skeletal muscle that leads to referred pain, local tenderness, and may cause autonomic changes 4.
Taut bands (TBs) are groups of muscle fibers that are hard and painful on palpation 5. There are two type of MTrPs active and latent. An active MTrPs is characterized by spontaneous pain or pain response to movement, while a latent MTrPs is a sensitive spot witch painful only with compression 6. MTrPs can cause pain, muscle weakness and severe limitation in the range of motion of the muscle that affected can result in more disability. Consequently, patients with MTrPs can have impairment of their work, social activities, and quality of life7.
Kinesio Taping, generated by Kenzo Kase in the 1970s to provide support for musculoskeletal structure without over immobilization and its side effect. It is elastic, cohesive, lightweight, and ventilation property. It can be stretch to 120–140% of its original length, producing a lesser mechanical restraint and less restriction
of mobility than conventional tape. 8. They become popular rapidly after applied the KT for Japanese athletics at the Seoul Olympics in 1988.The original purpose was for edema control, soft tissue support, joint protection, and relieving heat produced from active inflammation 9.
Myofascial Trigger Points:
MTrP is a major cause of musculoskeletal pain it is known as a hyperirritable spot in skeletal muscle it is painful on compression and usually reacted with a referred pain pattern away from that spot 4, 10.
There are two type of MTrPs active and latent.
An active MTrP is distinguished from a latent one
when referred pain elicited by pressure applied to the MTrP is known as a last pain by the subject. Both active and latent MTrPs can provoke motor dysfunctions 11.