Introduction: Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma is divided into 3


Vision is the most important between
the five senses because it is a long range sense. For many reason vision can be
decrease or lost, but the scariest disease that can affect our vision is
orbital sarcoma .This disease is a real nightmare for ophthalmologist
especially in childhood. Orbital RMS is a malignant cancer that target the orbit. Studies
show that we have approximately 250-350 new cases per year; we add that orbital
RMS rich 76% of ophthalmic RMS overall (Brian T. Fowler, et al, 2017). Orbital
RMS is usually appears in the first decade of life and affect boys more than girls
(Zeynel A, et al, 2004).

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of Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma:

Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma is divided
into 3 different types. First, embryonal RMS is a tumor of elongated
pleomorphic cells with a hyperchromatic nucleus centrally and surrounded by
eosinophilic cytoplasm; this type is the most common and arise from superior
nasal quadrants. Second, alveolar RMS is less common than embryonal RMS
but have the worst prognosis and usually originated from inferior orbit; the
tumor cells in this type are loosely attached to the connective tissue and some
area are floating freely in the alveolar spaces. Finally, pleomorphic RMS
is rarely occurs in the orbit (Zeynel A, et al, 2004).

& symptoms of orbital rhabdomyosarcoma:

The characteristic of RMS is
distinguish by unilateral proptosis and inferior or inferiotemporal
displacement of the globe. We add that the ocular history of the patient play
in important role that may present worsening eyelid edema, erythema, chemosis,
ophthalmoplegia, blepharoptosis or palpable mass (Brian T. Fowler, et al, 2017).

and treatment of Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma

of orbital rhabdomyosarcoma:

A detailed history help the
ophthalmologist giving the diagnosis by asking about pain, visual loss, signs
of sinusitis and should also keep in mind possible misleading (Lama Jurdy, et
al, 2013).