It is safe to say that the best thing that can happen in theworld is to give life to another human being. In this paper I want to examineif abortion is morally wrong or not and whether women should have the right tochoose the future for their baby. According to Don Marquis he argues that whatmakes killing any being (human or not) morally questionable is that deathentails the eradication of that being’s future. He forms this opinion based onthe fact that the loss of one’s life is one of the greatest losses one cansuffer.
His reasoning for this is because by taking away one’s life also meansthat you are depriving them of their future, activities, and enjoyments in lifewhich leads to why he believes that killing is morally wrong. Although I agreewith some of the points Marquis makes about taking away someone’s life and howit could be considered morally wrong, I want to argue that the fate of thatlife should be in the mother’s hands and she should be able to choose whethershe wants the baby or not. If she believes what she is doing is best for herand her life then it is not morally wrong for her to make that choice. The first point that I want to argue is that women have amoral right to decide what they want to do with their bodies. If you take awaytheir right to decide what they want to do with their body then you’re causinga form of oppression by putting women in a different category than men. Ifwomen are not allowed to abort an unwanted fetus then they are deprived of thisright. Since a fetus is in the woman’s body then she should have the right todecide to abort that fetus or not.
Marquis makes points about the future of thefetus and how you deprive them of that life by killing it but what if a womangets raped by a man and doesn’t want an unknown mans baby? This situation isalready causing emotional stress to the women and could potentially affect herfuture based on the actions of that man. The baby in this case is somethingthat was forced upon her and not something she wanted. It is her moralobligation to do what is best for her and not the fetus in this case. Pregnancyhas a huge impact on the women involved. A pregnancy for a woman is probablyone of the most determinative aspects of her life. It disrupts their bodies,education, and enjoyments in life.
The man that raped her is taking away thesame experiences of life that marquis argues would take away by killing afetus. So which one is morally wrong or right if they both deprive someone oflife? The next point I want to make is about freedom and equalityfor women. They say that if women are not allowed to have an abortion then sheis not only forced to continue the pregnancy but also to look over the childfor years to come unless she can find someone else to take care of it. If womendon’t have the right to decide what to do with their own fetus then there is nosense of freedom or equality for them. Men obviously don’t get pregnant so theyare not restricted in any way during the pregnancy. No woman can call herselffree until she can choose consciously whether she will or will not be a mother.
Women need the right to abortion to have full rights over their own bodies.This includes the right to decide whether or not to carry a fetus to birth. Ifwomen do not have this right then they do not have the same moral status asmen.The last point I want to bring up is how pregnancy can causewomen financial instability. A pregnancy is already hard enough on women, butan unexpected one is even worse. If a woman becomes pregnant when she didn’tplan to be, it might cause a financial problem because she does not have themoney to support the child. This causes mothers to lack the resources to coverthe high costs of pregnancy, birth, and childrearing, especially if they do nothave insurance. This could potentially lead to a bad life for the child.
If themother does not have the resources to take care of her baby then that couldlead to the baby’s death, which the mother would then be held liable for. Whatif the mother knew when she got pregnant that she wouldn’t be able to take careof the baby financially and wanted an abortion but since Marquis thinks it ismorally wrong, we passed a law that bans abortions. So what would be consideredworse, the abortion or the lack or resources to take care of the child andletting it suffer and possibly die? In my opinion the abortion seems like themost logically choice. In conclusion, I strongly believe that women should have theright to decide what they want to do with their bodies or not. If she believeswhat she is doing is best for her and her life then it is not morally wrong forher to make that choice. Although I agree with Marquis on some of the points hemakes about abortion being morally wrong and how it affects that person’sfuture, but the same can be said for the women that have to make that decisionto keep the baby or not. The moral issues surrounding abortion will continue tospark a never-ending argument about what is right and what is wrong.
I do notthink that abortion is murder but a moral dilemma affecting not only the lifeof the fetus but the life of the mother as well.