Julius Caesar defeated Pompey! He returns to Rome – the question is will he become King? In the play Julius Caesar returns to Rome after defeating Pompey. Some Romans want to make him king, but others think he will become too powerful, and they kill him. After the killing of Caesar, they have to justify their motives to the people of Rome. Marcus Antony and Marcus Brutus both give a speech at Caesar’s funeral, they both try to persuade the audience to agree with them using rhetorical appeals (ethos, logos, pathos) however; Marcus Anthony’s speech was more effective in moving the audience to action. In order to be a successful persuasive speaker you need to use the rhetorical appeal, logos. Logos uses inductive or deductive reasoning by citing statistics, facts, experts and evidence. The claim or thesis of each speaker of Brutus was that Caesar deserved to be killed while Antony’s claim was that Caesar was a respectable person and didn’t deserve to be killed. An example of Brutus using logos to persuade his audience is: “The question of his death is enrolled in the Capitol; his glory not extenuated, wherein he was worthy…” (108 line 33-34) A better example of a speaker using logos came from Antony’s speech: “I thrice presented him a kingly crown, which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition?” (112 line 91-92) Antony overall uses the rhetorical appeal, logos, better. Another tool used by a good speaker is called patos, which is another rhetorical appeal.
This is when you appeal to the emotions of your audience by describing in detail the effect of a particular situation (try to arouse a strong sense of feelings in your audience such as fear, or sympathy). Brutus arouses the audience’s anger and fear which pushes them to think that Caesar would have been a bad king, so its a good thing he was killed. One line that Brutus used to try to persuade his audience was: “Had you rather Caesar were living, and die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live all freemen?” (106 line 21-22) Antony touches the audience’s hearts, brings upon sadness and sympathy and makes them think that Caesar did not deserve to be killed. One line Antony uses to persuade the audience was: “You all did love him once, not without cause; What cause withholds you then to mourn for him?” (112 line 97-98) Antony had the better use of pathos in his speech. The final tool used by a good speaker is called ethos. This requires that you establish yourself as a trustworthy and respectful person to your audience; you show this by demonstrating you have taken time on your research, which shows your credibility.
Brutus knows the audience respects him so he brings up his well known reputation of a honorable respected person, to make the audience go along with what he has to say. He uses his credibility to persuade them. For example in the beginning of his speech he states: “Believe me for mine honor, and have respect to mine honor, that you may believe.” (106 line 14-15) In Antony’s speech he constantly talks about Brutus and the other conspirators being honorable men. He shows his respect for others but contradicts them with his own beliefs, it makes Antony seem trustworthy. Antony shows his credibility in the following line: “He was my friend, faithful and just to me; But Brutus says he was ambitious, and Brutus is an honorable man.” (112 line 80-82) As shown Brutus more effectively uses the rhetorical appeal, ethos.
Marcus Antony and Marcus Brutus both give a speech at Caesar’s funeral, they both try to persuade the audience to agree with them using rhetorical appeals (ethos, logos, pathos) however; Marcus Anthony’s speech was more effective in moving the audience to action. The crowd reacted strongly to Antony and at the end of Act III. In taking action the Roman citizens killed Cinna the poet, mistaking him for Cinna the conspirator. This changed the outcome of the play because had Antony not spoken at the funeral, the Roman citizens would have taken Brutus’s side and accepted the death of Caesar (power of persuasion).