Justas numerous backgrounds are used to substantiate the historical roots ofglobalization, several scholars have also coined different meanings for theterm globalization. Globalization refers to the multiplicity of linkages andinterconnections between the states and societies which make up the presentworld system. It also implies intensification on the levels of interaction,interdependence between states and societies, which constitute the worldcommunity. In consonance with the plethora of scholarly definitions, (O’Neil2007), defines globalization as “a process by which the web of globalconnections becomes increasingly “thick”, creating an extensive andintensive web of relationships between many people across vast distances.”Politically, globalization has led to worldwide preference for democracy.
Culturally, globalisation has led to the trade of identical goods to distantcountries and massive migration of people (Mittelman, 1996). Economically,globalisation is a process which leads to a situation where national economiesare closely linked to a world economy. Under globalisation, production andfinance are being organized in cross-border networks without much regulation.(Herald et al, 1998). Free movementof people, free trade and international cooperation are all as a results of theformation of a ‘global village’ where an injury to one is an injury to all. Thewinds of globalization are blowing across Sub-Saharan Africa, In hundreds ofcities and towns, there is the advent of effective and efficient communicationand transportation systems, an influx of multinational corporations across theregion, the flags of democracy billowing all over the region, an influx ofintergovernmental organization, in the sub-region, etc. Acritical consideration of the above evidence of globalization in sub-SaharanAfrica suggests that globalization has been of a great benefit to the region. Globalizationhas enabled sub-Saharan countries to have access to goods and products they areunable to produce.
Globalization as a phenomenon has largely accounted for theannual organization of various sporting activities in the sub-Saharan region ofAfrica. In addition, the engagement of countries of sub-Saharan Africa ininternational trade and investment enable them gain access to a much higherlevel of technology. Moreover, the openness of sub-Saharan African countries tothe global economy can provide the infrastructure developing economies need forgrowth. Fourthly, globalization encourages governments to adopt and implementmore appropriate and prudent economic policies. Finally, globalization providesa fertile soil for political freedom for sub-Saharan countries.
Inspite of all, globalization also poses some challenges to sub-Saharancountries. These are as follows: marginalization in world trade,marginalization in the world financial market, Income inequality between therich and the poor countries, erosion of national control of governance andculture, etc. More importantly, the globalized world has led to an increased incross border crime such as money laundering, drug trafficking and wide spreadfundamentalism across regions that have increased social tension andinsecurity.Inbrief, globalization as a phenomenon has spread its tentacles all over theworld with sub-Saharan Africa inclusive; as a phenomenon, globalization comeswith several blessings and challenges which countries in sub-Saharan Africamust institute measures to meet squarely.