Justification countries — the third most of

Justification of the topicI chose this topic because I have went through religious discrimination myself. I come from a place (Cairo, Egypt) where Coptic Christians Orthodox are discriminated. Watching the news and seeing how the minor groups  from different religions are being killed just because they are defending what they believe in made me want to look more into Religious discrimination.  Between 16 million and 31 million people died in the name of religion. According to Pew study, religious violence rose during 2007-2015. According to a research done by Jonathan fox in 2002 about religious discrimination cases in different countries,  92 scored below 10, 29 countries scored between 10 and 20, 8 countries scored between 20 and 30, 3 countries scored 30 and higher, only 44 countries scored 0. Most people want to have the freedom to practice their own religion but some countries don’t give that freedom. Religious discrimination is still happening to this day. Countries that still have some cases because of the government: Burma, China, Eritrea, and Iran. “As of, 2009-2010, countries such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Indonesia had high restrictions on religious freedom. In a four-year study of religious discrimination around the world (2006-2010), Christians were the most discriminated against group, experiencing harassment by the government and society in 168 countries. Muslims make up the second largest religious population in the world and were discriminated against in 121 countries worldwide between 2006 and 2010. Jews make up less than 1% of the population, yet experience discrimination in 85 countries — the third most of any religious group” (dosomething.org). Nearly 50% of countries increased their religious discrimination between 2009 and 2010, and only 32% saw decreases. According to Jonathan Fox, there are three religious factors that cause discrimination. The first is that the religious worldview of the majority group is challenged by the actions of the minority group. That is, the minority group engages in actions perceived by the majority group as posing a threat to their religious beliefs. The second religious factor associated with higher levels of discrimination is religious legitimacy. Religious legitimacy is the extent to which it is legitimate to invoke religion in political discourse. The final religious factor posited to be associated with higher levels of discrimination is relevance of religion to the conflict. Religion is an issue that tends to inflame emotions.Governments and constitutions can also play a big part in religious discrimination. According to indexoncensorship.org, Eritrean government only accepts or acknowledges four religious groups: Eritrean Orthodox Church, Sunni Islam, Roman Catholic Church, and Evangelical Lutheran Church of Eritrea. Other faiths go through harassment and it is generally driven by the government. China’s Constitution allows the freedom of religion but it is only on papers. Only five religious groups are allowed to legally hold services which are Buddhists, Taoists, Muslims, Catholics, and Protestants. In Iran, government controlled the media to attack Baha’is, Jews, and other minority faiths; they limit their access to employment, education, and housing. Burma’s constitution provides religious freedom, but minority populations that are not Buddhist are denied for building permits, banned from proselytizing and pressured to convert to the majority faith.