Kayden SharmaMr.PationWorld culturesJanuary 8 2018Japanese Internment Pearl Harbor is a U.S. naval base near Hawaii and was the battleground of a surprise attack by Japanese forces on December 7 1941. Just before 8 am on that morning hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attack on the base where they destroyed or damage nearly 20 American naval vessels including 8 enormous battleships and over 300 airplanes.2,400 Americans died in the attack and 1,000 people were wounded.The day after Pearl Harbor was bombed President Roosevelt appeared before a joint session of Congress and declared After a brief and forceful speech he asked Congress to approve a the resolution recognizing the war between the United States and Japan. The Senate voted for war against Japan by 83 to 0 and the House of Representatives approved the resolution by a vote of 392 to 1. The day after the assault President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan.Following the attack on Pearl Harbor and the increasing anti-Japanese sentiment in America the President’s Cabinet discussed a removal policy regarding the Japanese American population. Secretary of War Henry Stimson and Secretary of Navy Frank Knox favored a policy of removal out of military necessity while Attorney General Francis Biddle argued against it citing individuals constitutional rights. 10 camps were in California, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, Wyoming, Colorado, and Arkansas holding 120,000 people. Many were forced to sell property before departure. 5,589 Nisei renounced their American citizenship.Despite the lack of any concrete evidence, Japanese Americans were suspected of remaining loyal to their ancestral land. Anti japanese propaganda increased because of Japanese presence on the West Coast. In the event of a Japanese invasion of the American mainland Japanese Americans were feared as a risk. Japanese internment camps were a bad solution for the attack of pearl harbor it caused pain,suffering and bad living conditions to the Japanese people living in the internment camps.2 months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor Franklin Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066 ordering all Japanese Americans to evacuate the West Coast. It started relocation of 120,000 American people citizens to 10 internment camps located all over the country. Some Japanese American citizens were allowed to return to the West Coast starting in 1945 and the last camp closed in March 1946.In 1943 all internees over the age of 17 were given a loyalty test. They were asked two questions one was are you willing to serve in the army of the United States on combat duty?They also asked Females if they were willing to volunteer for the Army too.The. And do you swear allegiance to the United States of America and faithfully defend the United States from any attack. The Conditions in camps were harsh. Japanese people lived in barracks filled only with cots and coal burning stoves. Food in Japanese internment camps also added to the hardships of the Japanese. In internment camps Japanese were fed 3 times in a day. The meals were served in mess halls where the bells will start the mealtime. Food portions were small food starch and dull. Most meals were comprised of potatoes and bread. They used a common bathroom and laundry facilities but hot water was limited. The camps were surrounded by fences patrolled by armed guards who had instructions to shoot anyone who tried to leave.Residents were allowed to live in family groups and the internees set up schools, churches, farms, and newspapers. Children played sports and played in activities.On December 18 1944 the government announced that all relocation centres would be closed by the end of 1945.If you said something loud people that lived in a different stall could hear you because you had no privacy. The mattresses were made of hay. There were no closets, cupboards, or really any furniture. The roof was usually made of tar. Some barracks had cracks so dust could get in and suffocate someone. They didn’t have plumbing in the barracks. They had to walk to another building to shower, go to the restroom, and wash their clothes.One of the camps at Tule Lake California was closed in March 1946. With the end of internment Japanese Americans moved back to their homes and began rebuilding their lives.Lots of Japanese Americans didn’t want to be in the camps so some took tried to join the U.S. Army but some people wanted to stay longer because they didn’t have anything to go home to.Warehouses and administrative office were located off the camp. Search lights swept the grounds between the two places. They were guarded by towers with machine guns. If you would try to escape you would be killed if caught. In 1976 President Gerald R. Ford repealed Executive Order 9066. He used that time to tell the people about his regret for the policy.In 1988 the U.S. passed the Act which awarded 80,000 Japanese Americans $20,000 each to compensate them for the ordeal they had suffered. Congress also issued a apology for the government’s policy toward Japanese Americans. At the end of the war the Japanese Americans were released and many returned home to find that their stuff was stolen and their properties sold. At this time, 43,000 Japanese Americans left the West Coast to pursue lives elsewhere in America.In 1981 a commission was appointed to investigate the order 9066.They recommend appropriate remedies. The findings were published in 1982 in a report called Personal Justice Denied. The report stated “Broad historical causes which shaped decisions were race, prejudice, war hysteria, and failure of political leadership.” The conflict of order 9066 was a rash decision that the American government made. making all Japanese people or who looked Japanese put all their items up for auction then they had to go to internment camps.the government’s defense to this was that they were just protecting the country from another attack.But that is not enough to justify what they did to the Japanese people.And During the course of World War II 10 Americans were convicted of spying for Japan but not one of them was Japanese.Racial prejudice and hostility against Japanese Americans and particularly those where living in the Pacific Coast area where the majority of Japanese Americans in the continental U. S. resided was widespread and dated back decades before the start of World War II. When the flood of Japanese immigration to the U. S. began at the turn of the 20th century white Pacific Coast residents immediately resented the influx of a people they saw as racially inferior. All Americans during World War II were required to make sacrifices to stop the war effort including the big sacrifice made by 416,800 American military personnel who died during the war. Rationing of items like food and water. We were missing large sections of the U. S. population because of war factory work and the general disruption in normal civilians impacted the lives of virtually all Americans during the war. Although the sacrifices required by Japanese American internees were mandated by authorities and and they are not voluntary. The living conditions in the relocation camps approximated those in military training camps and were not significantly more severe than those experienced by the 16,000,000 U. S. Citizens. The compromise of the situation was ending order 9066 after world war 2 and letting the japanese people go.They also got $20,000 and a formal apology from the government. And the japanese people thought that’s not enough to pay them back for the time they spent their for and what they lost. The japanese were upset with all they had to put up with.Japanese internment camps were a bad solution for the attack of pearl harbor it caused pain,suffering and bad living conditions to the Japanese people living in the internment camps and they shouldn’t have penalized every japanese person in the U.S.The motivation of the Exclusion Order which formed the basis for the relocation of Japanese Americans was an concern at the time for national security. Yet the measures taken round up 110,000 Japanese Americans living within Military Area Number 1 was a gross and ignored fact that other means of achieving security existed. Military and civilian guards and defense factories could easily have detained any suspicious persons venturing too near a facility and all West Coast citizens had begun immediately after Pearl Harbor has been encouraged to be vigilant and to report suspicious activity observed to the FBI for immediate investigation. No verifiable incident of sabotage by a Japanese American was discovered during the war. Even FBI director’s opposed the mass relocation of Japanese Americans because he was convinced that the most likely spies or potential saboteurs among that population had already been rounded up in the initial time between December 7 and 13, 1941.At the end of the war the Japanese Americans were released and many returned home to find their goods stolen and properties sold. At this time 43 thousand Japanese Americans left the West Coast to pursue lives elsewhere in America.The U.S senate should not have overreacted on the camps and they should have made a new solutions.