Knowing and knowledge Essay

International education constitutes one of the major economic  investments in Australia . Education has high returns to the economy  and it ‘s a viable contribution that has made Australia a major  educational destination globally . Subsequently , this educational  endeavour has come along with some adverse effects on the key players who  constitute of the international students . Simon Marginson’s article  looks  at the issues of International student security in Australia . Australia has many internal students who make international education  to be lucrative export business in Australia. Education is Australia’s third largest export, $15 billion USD a year (Marginson, 2010.)

The success of the business highly depends on the ability of the  international students and the home students to adapt to the life of Australian schools and universities . Subsequently , research carried out  shows that schools and universities treat students as a source of  income . The income derived from this endeavour has come long in the  development of social and economic sectors.The high costs derived from  international students leads to huge strains in the financing education of international students .

Australian international students are faced with the  challenge of easy integration into the system because they come alone to  study without family or friends . Many international students have  difficulties in interacting with Australian citizens owing to language  barriers and cultural differences . On the other hand insecurity posed to  international students can be a contributing factor for instance the   murder of an Indian student Nitin Garg.

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Typical for anyone accessing a new culture for the first time , the  international students suffer from culture shock and it is even harder  for the students when they lack support staff to help them fully integrate into the new culture and environment . With this in mind , it  can be argued that international students in Australia  are not being  supported fully by the relevant authorities who seem to enjoy receiving  more cash from them as opposed to the creation of comfortable and secure living environment.

Marginson argues that human security of international students is at stake and is constantly targeted and lacks support from the Australian government. He begins his argument around global mobility and the implications of changes in the best interest of international students. Due to the economical world crisis known as the recession,  financial obligations in international programs that have provided a vitality of importance to the global market in relation to doctoral education can not be met. Due to governments being national in character and states being territorially defined and bound (marginson, 2010) they are restricted to the implication of change in the human security of international students. However, marginson also contends that racist targeting is one of many issues that international students are exposed to and are not being supported or protected and “australia has taken little action to tackle the problem of international student safety.”

In addition the articles persuasive lingo and strong statements to support the issue of international student safety in Australia has a highly effective approach especially when trying to attract the public so that they are aware of the situation and get them involved. A powerful persuasive technique that marginson uses is emotional manipulation, in this case he  associates the issue with reference to Nitin Garg (the Indian international student who was murdered by a gang of youths) which had a strong emotional approach to readers.

The means of  exposure mentioned in the article had created public protests and media coverage to allow the government to address the issue of international student safety. In the article it is mentioned that Australia including police and politicians address this case as “another murder” and has no special significance. Marginson’s approach to the audience via emotional manipulation creates the sense that the Australian government are careless and hold no empathy or concern towards international students by stating very strong and opinionated statements: “just another murder” and  has “no special significance.” In addition to techniques used to persuade the audience is via repetition. He mentions several times that “Australia has taken little action” in conjunction with strong opinionated statements like “The Australian government is in denial.”

He also uses  exaggerated metaphors trying to compare one issue of Australian international student safety  verses Al-Quida Suicide bomber taking one context completely out of proportion to create a sense of importance and a negative stance of  government action when it comes to student safety in contrast to what is virtually a global situation of terrorism and that action plans are already placed and are ready to be used if need be. This point reflects the handling of student safety and its importance.

Professor Simon Marginson is a Professor of Higher Education in the Centre for the Study of Higher Education at the University of Melbourne. He completed hisPhD in the Faculty of Education at The University of Melbourne in 1996. He created a paper on higher education and globalisation at an OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)

expert advisory meeting in Portugal, twice given papers to conferences of the OECD Institutional Management in Higher Education (IMHE) program and he has published two books in the history of Australian education.

 Simon is a frequent public and media commentator on higher education, especially national policy in Australia. He has also conducted many education policy studies, basic and applied, including commissioned reports for the Australian and Victorian government, OECD and a several others.