Health and Social Care Assignment UNIT 5 – UNDERSTAND PERSON-CENTRED APPROACHES IN ADULT SOCIAL CARE SETTINGS ASSIGNMENT OVERVIEW In this assignment, you will demonstrate your knowledge of person-centred care and consider how to put this into practice in complex and sensitive situations. You will explore what is meant by the term ‘consent’, define person-centred values, and consider how active participation can be used to best effect. You will consider how risk assessments can support informed choices and examine the factors that contribute to the well being of individuals using the service. TASKS There are four tasks to this assignment.TASK 1 2 3 4 TASK 1 1. Explain what is meant by the term “active participation”. EVIDENCE Short answer questions Awareness raising campaign Reflective account Case studies OUTCOMES 4.
1, 4. 2, 4. 3, 4. 4, 7.
1, 7. 2, 7. 3, 7. 4, 7. 5 1. 1, 1. 2, 1. 3, 6.
1, 6. 2, 6. 3, 6. 4 2. 1, 2. 2, 2. 3, 2.
4 3. 1, 3. 2, 3. 3, 5.
1, 5. 2, 5. 3 Active participation comes in many forms and means different things to different people. It could be being a member of a club or group or something simple like going shopping. Active participation allows people to feel an active part of their life and their community rather than a passive spectator.It gives people the chance to feel achievement in their lives whether it be passing a test or knitting a jumper. A sense of achievement allows people to build their confidence and self esteem which has a positive effect on their well being. 2.
Explain how active participation can support all aspects of an individual’s preferences and needs. You should always reflect on and celebrate the diversity of the people you are supporting. There are many reasons why individuals think and act the way they do and only by building up comprehensive knowledge about these important things can you help them to fulfil their wishes and needs.You can find out about an individual’s history, preferences, wishes and needs by looking at their Individual Needs Assessment. This will look at a variety of different things depending on the individual being assessed, for example, physical, emotional, social, spiritual, communication, support or care needs. Your role is to make sure you read and work to the requirements of the care or support plan, to record any changes and to report significant changes. You will need to understand the boundaries of your responsibilities regarding the individuals you support. Health and Social Care Assignment 3.
Explain how to ensure everyone involved in an activity or event such as a review understands how to apply the principles of active participation. Make everybody aware of the communication needs and preferences of the individual so there are no communication issues. Ensure people involved address the individual directly and ask them questions and give them time to respond and express their thoughts, feelings, opinions, needs wishes and preferences.If conflicts of opinion arise ensure everybody including the individual works together to find a suitable compromise everybody is happy with.
4. Give two ways that a risk assessment can support the right of an individual using the service to take risks and make choices. They identify the potential benefits and balance these against the potential danger or harm and identify how the danger or harm can be reduced so by doing a risk assessment you are allowing the individual to take part in what they choose but ensuring it is done in the safest way possible.They allow a small element of risk to occur so the individual is able to feel more independent and has more control over what they do, helping to increase self esteem because they are able to take risks as everybody does in everyday life. 5. Explain how the responsibilities of all concerned with the care of an individual can be supported by a risk assessment. Responsibilities are such as helping the individual to live as full a life as possible, to give them choices and as much control over their own life as possible and to keep them safe.
A risk assessment provides information on how best to manage risks so how does it support the above? If you carry out a risk assessment you can show the individual the dangers of their choice and the best way to manage the risk as safely as possible. You and they might decide that a walking stick is the next best solution. The individual has had their choice respected whilst still respecting your concerns and you and others have done your duty to respect their choices and at the same time keep them as safe as possible.The setting has a duty of care to keep individuals safe. A risk assessment provides information on how this can be best achieved. Care workers are given care plans to follow which include risk assessments, this makes it clear what their responsibilities are. Individuals can take responsibility for their own decisions which come from informed choices i. e.
they decide what risks they want to take after being given information about the dangers. 2 Health and Social Care Assignment 6. Describe two different uses of risk assessment in adult social care settings.The aim of workplace risk assessments is to identify hazards, evaluate the degree of risk and to put into place control measures to minimise the risk. If the staff team is not involved in the process then they may have little awareness of the hazards and the actions required of them to minimise the risks. This is at odds with the requirements of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. A risk assessment also offers choices to our residents so, they are able to take part in activities.
7.Give three reasons why risk assessments designed to support choice and active participation need to be reviewed and updated regularly. Risk assessments are designed to support choice and active participation and need to be reviewed regularly as it supports person-centred practice and ensures all information is up to date.
It ensures continuity of care so no bad practice is taking place. It ensures changing preferences and needs are identified and incorporated into the risk assessments. TASK 2 Your work is running a campaign to improve staff understanding of all aspects of person centred care.
You have been asked to create the following materials: • A poster which describes a range of person centred approaches to care • A handout which explains why person centred values are important and how they influence social care work • A poster that explains the factors which can contribute to the wellbeing of individuals • A handout that explains the link between identity, self image and self esteem • A guide for social care workers which: a) describes ways they can ensure the environment promotes well being; b) explains why it is important to support individuals in a way that promotes their identity, self image and self esteem. Health and Social Care Assignment TASK 3 1. Write a reflective account detailing an example of how you have, or could have, used a person centred approach in a sensitive or complex situation. The account must contain a description of how person centred values were or could be put into practice in the situation. Suggested word count: 350 – 500 words 2. Explain how finding out about an individual’s history, preferences, wishes and needs is an important part of creating a good care or support plan.
Finding out about the history, preferences,wishes and needs of the person you support and to use this information to influence the day-to-day support you provide. In services for people with learning disabilities we refer to this as person centred planning and support. Simply put, it is a way of asking what people want, what support they need and how they can get it. It assists people to live an independent and inclusive life.
It helps to build a relationship between the individual and the social care worker and their routines and way of life are identified and recorded. 4 Health and Social Care Assignment 3. Explain why it is important to review care or support plans with an individual, and to monitor their changing needs or preferences. Identifies the most important goals and activities or services needed to achieve them, who will be responsible for making sure they happen and how things will be checked on.The plan will also identify how assistance from family, friends, other agencies, and service funds will be used to achieve goals. Everyone who is a part of the plan signs it and gets a copy. Sometimes to implement the plan it may be necessary to develop job descriptions or agreements with people or organisations providing services in the plan.
To ensure continuing safe practice 4. Explain how useful care or support plans are in supporting person centred values in practice.Support plans are very useful in supporting person centred values in practice as it involves the individual in the process, cover the full range of the individuals needs and preferences and provide documented evidence of these,it provides ongoing monitoring and reviewing of the individual’s changing needs. The reviewing of support plans happens every 6 months as many individuals change routines and have been offered new experiences that are person centred.
5 Health and Social Care Assignment TASK 4 Read the following case studies.You may either carry out a role play or write an account covering the points below. Case Study 1 You are a senior social care worker and have been asked to mentor a colleague who is finding it difficult to understand the importance of obtaining consent from individuals receiving a service. In the role play or written account, you must: • Describe the different factors that might affect an individual’s ability to express their view. • Explain different ways of gaining consent to activities or actions. Explain what to do if the social care worker cannot gain consent or is unsure of the response. Case Study 2 You are later asked to speak to another social care worker who has had difficulties helping an individual using the service to make choices and to challenge decisions they don’t agree with. There is a suspicion that the social care worker has also been trying to impose their own views on the individual.
In the role play or written account, you must: • Describe a range of approaches to help individuals make informed choices. Describe different ways to help an individual challenge decisions made by others (such as medical practitioners, social care workers and family members. ) • Explain the possible consequences if the personal views of others (such as medical practitioners, social care workers and family members) are allowed to influence the choices an individual makes. 6 Health and Social Care Assignment I can confirm that the evidence listed for this unit is my own work and was carried out under the conditions and context specified in the assessment specification, through discussion with my VLA and recorded on DVR.LEARNER name Date PLEASE EMAIL OR HAND THIS COMPLETED DOCUMENT, ALONG WITH ANY ADDITIONAL ATTACHMENTS, TO YOUR VLA WHO WILL ASSESS YOUR ANSWERS AND GIVE YOU FEEDBACK AT YOUR NEXT REVIEW.
I confirm that the learner has achieved all the requirements of this unit with the evidence listed and the assessment was conducted under the specified conditions and context, and is valid, authentic, reliable, current and sufficient, through discussion with my learner and recorded on DVR. VLA name Date VLA Feedback Assignment Passed? R6349v1 06. 04. 2011 Yes No 7