Leadership and Management Essay

Leadership and Management

         Corporations exist for a purpose, either profit or non-stock, non-profit organization.  They organized to meet specific goals and objectives.  In this regard, a management and leadership team plays an important role.  They need to be organized in the conduct of their activities for the benefit of the organizers, the organization as a whole, the public and the government.  This paper discusses the role of management and leadership, treats of their nature as a going concern.

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         Ronald McDonald has expanded McDonald’s fast food not only within the United States, but all throughout.  Expansion has been introduced by reason of its being feasible and suitable to the tastes of its consumers and valued customers. Where food has been its main business, there is more to it which is worthy of attention and scrutiny.

            For the consumers, they look after the quality of the service and the food served by it.  It should be noted however that services rendered by the crew and the staff have been the outcome of a very effective management or shall we say leadership or both or neither.  This we will have to look into in this paper – leadership and management as a tool for improvement and advancement in the business industry.

            Manpower keeps the business going, thus, the need for people to work is a necessity.  The number of people and their individual idiosyncrasies bring about different views in the performance of the task.  Moreover, corporate goals are equally important, and the same must be met by individual workers without having to disregard however, individual needs and goals.  Thus the need for a good management or leadership or both.

            Management literally means ‘to handle.’ During the 17th and 18th century, it has evolved into the word management.  Recently, the term has been associated with the business management.  Particularly, business management on businesses conducted for profit are inclined towards the satisfaction of the interest of the shareholders, conducting the business in a manner consistent for earning profits, and meeting the demands of the customers for a higher quality of goods and services as the case may be (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management, 2008).

            On the other hand, leadership shall mean the ability to influence and affect human behavior for the accomplishment of a particular mission or task (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leadership, 2008).

            Both these two terms are interchangeably used however, each bear a different meaning and thus each having different application.  Leadership is the process of setting and defining a different set of directions to be taken by or the members, as a course of action.  This thus entails the setting up of new goals and vision (http://www.teamtechnology.co.uk/leadership-basics.html, 2008).  Accordingly, leadership is always associated with the taking of initiatory steps or actions for the accomplishment of the set goals and objectives.

            On the other hand, management is the process of guiding and directing the members or the group for the accomplishment of certain tasks pursuant to the established goals and objectives.   In this regard, management is associated with such acts as would which signify the performance of tasks which have been performed (http://www.teamtechnology.co.uk/leadership-basics.html, 2008).

            On a different viewpoint, leadership is said to be simply an aspect of a good management, that is, a good leader has to be a good manager.  To differentiate this with a leader, a manager cannot just exercise leadership.  A manager requires authority and power to effect his directions and the performance of acts in pursuant thereto (http://www.teamtechnology.co.uk/leadership-basics.html, 2008).

            While both terms are used differently and signifies different application, in actuality, leadership can be said to be an aspect of management, likewise, management can be said to tbe an aspect of leadership.  A good leader has to be a good manager and a good manager has to be a good leader.  Both must be present in the organizational structure in order to attain the organizations’ respective goals and aims in the course of their dealings.

The Role of Managers and Leaders

            Management may be classified into different levels, as the top-level management, middle-level management, lower management each of which perform different functions in an organizational set up, however, all geared towards the performance of corporate goals and objectives.

            The top level management has the duty of overseeing both the internal affairs of the organization and more particularly on its external affairs, like the market for instance.  Decisions formulated by them are intended for long-term effects, and are more likely to be analytical, conceptual or participative in nature.  They usually set up the plans for corporate growth (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management, 2008).

            The middle management execute the plans laid down by the top level management, thus, must be in constant communication with the former particularly in determining efficacy of the plans and the status or condition of the organization vis a vis the corporate plans (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management, 2008).

            As compared to top level management, low level management sees to it that the plans laid down by the former are carried out.  Decisions made by it are usually of short term.  This therefore entails a more contact with the corporate employees  and likewise sees to it that their interest are protected (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management, 2008).

            A major portion of an organizational structure is the employees.  They receive instruction from the management and ensure the performance of specific tasks.  The role of managers is to keep them on tract and following up their individual performance, setting specific quota and examination of the quality of work.  Moreover, the management looks after the individual employees while satisfying the interest of shareholders and consumers alike.

            It is important to note that an organization works and is effective in all its undertaking when there is an effective management.  An effective management sets it in action.  To be particular, an effective management establishes the corporate vision, a vision which is feasible not merely imaginary.  Moreover, an effective management sets the corporate objectives.  These are specific aims for which certain activities are taken.  That is, corporate actions are taken not simply because immediate circumstance requires the same, but because they are intended for particular corporate objectives.  Further, an effective management ascertains policies, rules and guidelines to be observed in the performance of management roles and employees’ responsibilities.  In addition, an effective management examines and establishes the corporate strategy.  While it sets out corporate objectives, it must likewise provide for effective and efficient ways and means to achieve the same taking in account the welfare of the management itself, the employees, shareholders, consumers and the government (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management, 2008).  From the foregoing, it can be said that an organization without an effective management is a failure and corporate goals and objectives become futile.

            These are management roles which sets out the direction of the corporation.  In light of the foregoing, it can be gainsaid that management and leadership play an important role in meeting corporate objectives, not only for purposes of expanding the profit but for the purpose of serving the community as well.

            On the basis of the foregoing management and leadership roles, management has important functions to perform, as follows:

planning
Planning is a continuing process of building up and developing the organizational mission, goals and objectives coupled with the constant determination of ways and means for their accomplishment.  Planning covers broad matters for long term goals and matters of narrow application for short term goals all geared towards the accomplishment of business objectives (http://ohioline.osu.edu/~mgtexcel/Function.html, 2008).

Planning is considered the first of among the four management functions where major and minor decisions are made and is the foundation of effective decision making (Bateman and Snell 2007 in (http://www.freeonlineresearchpapers.com/functions-management, 2008).

organizing
Organizing can be likened to staffing.  Where decision has been made and plans are laid down, the next step for the management to do is the assignment of specific tasks to different persons.  Subordinates are given their respective assignments subject to the control and supervision of management.  This is a form of organizing the corporate business (http://www.freeonlineresearchpapers.com/functions-management, 2008).  In particular, organizing includes the creation and setting up of the organizational structure through the procedure of recruitment, hiring and the conduct of training and development (http://ohioline.osu.edu/~mgtexcel/Function.html, 2008).

leading
As has been said elsewhere in this paper, leadership is an important aspect of management.  While some authors opined that each may exist without the other, in actual practice, one is necessary for the effective conduct of the other.  Thus, good leadership may result to effective organization.

This is the process of effecting a change by influencing the behavior of the subordinates, in such a manner those individual goals and objectives meet with corporate vision and objectives (http://www.freeonlineresearchpapers.com/functions-management, 2008).

controlling
The exercise of control over subordinates by the management is an effective tool of maintaining the quality, quantity and goodwill of the organization as against the competitors.  Behavior and discipline are both monitored to keep them on pace and on the track in meeting consumer needs and corporate expectations.  This is the so-called the ‘final link’ in the management chain where individual performances are evaluated and outputs are investigated (Allen 1998 in http://www.freeonlineresearchpapers.com/functions-management, 2008).

By the exercise of control, individual performances are aligned with corporate objectives vis a vis long term goals (http://ohioline.osu.edu/~mgtexcel/Function.html, 2008).

It should be noted that while management performs these four major functions, decision making is an integral part of every function (http://ohioline.osu.edu/~mgtexcel/Function.html, 2008).

Strategies

            As a corporation grows, as in the case of McDonald’s fast food chain, constant research and development has to be undertaken.  Research and development keeps a corporation within the corporate trend.  It allows the discovery of techniques and strategies for corporate expansion.  Moreover, it allows the creation of new ways and methods of maintaining its status in the international market, meeting with technological advancement, system empowerment and human resource development.

            With respect to providing quality service to the public, there should be a creation of a research team for the purpose of knowing the needs and degree of satisfaction of the customers.

            Moreover, the conduct of research and investigation may serve as an aid in knowing the perception and obtaining the interest of those not yet informed of the services of the corporation, reaching-out process, that is.

Summary/Conclusion

            Management has been defined as the process of moving the workforce for the performance of such acts as consistent with existing goals and objectives.  On the other hand, leadership, is the process of directing the workforce for the performance of such acts as consistent with newly established goals and objectives.  Management is going concern, leadership can be likened to an initiatory stage of organizational behavior.  While both are said to exist independently with each other, they are in reality necessary for the continuance of the business.

            Management functions such as planning, organizing, leading and controlling, play vital role for the continued existence of the business having most, if not all, objectives of the organization complied with.

            In sum, an organization does not live and exist and isolation.  Coordination and effective communication is a tool towards the attainment of plans and objectives laid down by the management vis a vis the market, the public, corporate employees and the corporate

shareholders.

Bibliography

No Author (2008). http://ohioline.osu.edu/~mgtexcel/Function.html.

No Author (2008). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management.

No Author (2008). http://www.teamtechnology.co.uk/leadership-basics.html.

No Author (2008). http://www.freeonlineresearchpapers.com/functions-management, 2008).

No Author (2008). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leadership.