Leadership and Management Essay

Leadership and Management

            Leadership and management are two terms that more often than not are used interchangeably.  Although there is a slight difference between leadership and management both terms have a relatively similar meaning especially when used in the context of an organization. However, critical analysis reveals that there is some technical differences between the two terms.

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            One very notable difference is that while leaders have followers, managers have subordinates who follow orders from above.  A leader’s main aim and goal is to bring changes in the organization they are in while managers aim at bringing orderliness and stability at the work place.  Keen scrutiny also reveals that a manager focuses more on management of work, employees and the organization at large while a leader’s main focus is on giving leadership to people.

            A manager is also considered senior as far as decision-making is concerned.   He has   the authority to make decisions most of which are final.  A manager’s decisions are usually unquestionable and are tied with some finality.  A leader on the other hand plays a contributory role in decision-making.  This in essence means that he only facilitates the decision-making process but have no authority to make decisions solely

            In every organization the leaders always have to account and take responsibility for any particular issue.  The leader is always questioned especially if any issue in the organization goes wrong.  A manager on the other hand has the responsibility to question the subordinate.  He is not answerable for any particular issue but instead it is him who will ask for explanations if things do not run as they are supposed to be. (Cameroon, 2004)

            In his work a leader must always take risk in order to take the organization to the higher levels.  A manager on the other hand seeks to minimize risk in his organization.  While using his leadership skills he always aims at making achievements at the end of a certain given period for instance a quarter or a year.  A manager however is always looking for results.  He will therefore for instance require his subordinates to submit reports at the end of a given period in order to assess the results and consequently make an informed conclusion as to whether the organization is progressing, as it should.

            A leader also always has his vision set so that at the end of a given period he seeks to have made certain achievements.  He therefore always has his vision clear and also outlines it to his followers and ensures that they understand.  The leader together with his follower therefore works to the realization of that particular vision and consequently the achievements desired.  A manager on the other hand always sets his objectives in his management task.  He therefore has clearly put out strategies, which he intends to use to be able to take the organization to higher heights. (Tsui, 2004)

            As a method of motivating his followers, a leader is always keen to give credit where it deserves.  A job well done is always rewarded in order to give the employees the morale to continue putting their effort into their work and more so to remain focused on the vision.  A manager on the other hand takes credit for the good performance of the organization.  If the organization is performing well, it is the manager who takes recognition.  He therefore always on the limelight as far as the performance of the organization is concerned. As discussed earlier although leadership and management are slightly different on technical grounds they are elements that a manager must possess. Leadership is therefore a part of management.  A manager’s objective is to maximize the profits and output of the organization through excellent and proper administration.

            Leadership is not always necessary depending on circumstances.   For instance groups that have self-motivation may not need a leader, as he may appear dominating.   It is therefore that leadership is only a part of management.  In their management tasks, managers always think in terms of maximizing and increasing profits and outputs of an organization.  A leader is concerned on doing the right thing while a leader focuses his attention of performing every single task right.  As mentioned leaders can take risks but managers always put all measures in control to manage risks.  Manager will therefore not take chances where the stability outcome and profitability are at stake. (Bass, 1997)

            Management of any organization constitutes of people with experience in that particular field.  Expertise is therefore of essence when management is concerned.   However as mentioned earlier, it is of paramount importance that both management and leadership are combined to ensure smooth running and consequent excellent success of an organization.  While there is a new project an organization and there are laid down strategies on how to work out to ensure the success of the project and resources are provided for the attainment of the plan, and then this is a clear combination of both leadership and management which every organization requires to attain success. Management and leadership ensure that any opportunity available is seized at its earliest possible chance and that any threats conflict or barrier that may hinder that opportunity is averted or eliminated.

            Leadership and management is also important because they ensure that the strengths of an organization are emphasized are expanded while the weaknesses and limitations are eliminated for the success of the organization.  It has always been stated and even proven that leadership is doing the right thing while management is doing things rights.  Both are therefore very important in ensuring maximum output of an organization is realized. (William, 1990)

            Management and leadership are also important in that they create opportunities and then convert them into results.  This is very essential for corporate growth.  Proper leadership and management; Proper leadership and management is also important in that it directly affects the employees and helps to make them a proper working force and consequently the organization is able to sail through the competition in the market.

            Another very great importance of leadership and management in an organization is that it ensures that a specific direction for the organization is set and that resources are provided to ensure that the organization moves in the right direction without losing focus.  Management has always been viewed as one of involving planning, leading, organizing. In essence therefore, leadership is an important element of management by virtue of being one of the functions of management.

            Leadership and management also involve finding and identifying fertile grounds for the organization.   This in essence means identifying opportunities that would be beneficial and profitable for the organization.  Having identified there is the important factor of maintaining focus and providing all the relevant resources and manpower in implementation of the opportunities to ensure growth and profitability of the organization.  Organizations have however found it difficult to find leadership and managerial skills in one person.  Routine therefore has it that most organization hires a manager and a leader separately but they are required to work together for the growth and success of the organization.

            There are various tips on effective management and leadership which if followed leads an organization to heights of success.  There must be shared responsibility or what is commonly known as delegation.  This basically means that all those in management and leadership must always be keen to share out the responsibility especially to the subordinates.  This works well to ensure that even the junior staff feels incorporated in the running of the organization.  The management and leadership must however be keen to ensure that the delegation of responsibility is fair.  The junior employees should not at any one time feel that too much has been placed on their shoulders.  They should not feel overworked because this will hinder the growth and success of the organization.

            The communication is another very essential area in which the leadership and man agent of an organization must always look into.  The leadership and management team must always ensure that they use effective means of communication to the subordinates.  Lack of proper communication may lead to misunderstanding, misdirection and misconception of instructions and information in general.  Consequently this may bring an organization down to its knees.  It is therefore important that information and instructions be channeled in the right manner to avoid conflicts aforementioned above.

            The management and leadership must also ensure that the communication is not only often but also consistent and that various channels are used to convey the message are used.  The essence of this is that if any one channel fails the message will still be conveyed to the right people using the other channels.  It is of utmost important that there is no breakdown of communication because communication is very core in an organization.  Every person in an organization must communicate to ensure proper running of an organization.

            If any changes take place in an organization the top team of management and leadership must ensure that such information is relayed to everyone in the organization as soon as the information becomes available.  A good manager must act swiftly without undue delays.  A good management and leadership team also takes time to ensure that all doubts are cleared.  The junior staff or anybody in the organization should be allowed to ask any question for clarity.

            Before making any changes the top team at the management and leadership level must always consult the employees of their opinion.  The junior staff is always on the ground more than the senior staff and therefore is more likely if the organization is able to cope with the changes proposed.   Therefore teamwork is an important emphasis for a successful leadership and management team.  The senior staff must always involve the junior staff in their decisions.  This will enhance improved corporate growth. (Gill, 2006)

            The management and leadership team in an organization is very important in an organization as they strategize and lay down a framework for the realization of the organizations goals and objectives. The subordinate employees are always looking up to the senior management for guidance especially during crisis in that they are able to sensibly plan and make confident decisions especially during crisis.  Equally, good management is required to demonstrate high levels of concern to the welfare of their employees especially during crisis.  Equally, good management is required to demonstrate high levels of concern to the welfare of their employees especially during crisis.  The importance of effective management and leadership therefore is to create good trust between themselves and their juniors.  This in essence means that the subordinates actually feel that they are actually part of the organization and also recognize the fact that they are appreciated in the various roles they play in the organization. Leaders and managers must always be envisioned in performing their tasks.  This is very important so that they have set goals of what they would like to achieve at the end of a given specified period.  The vision must reflect an intention of a better future.  There is also great need of selflessness by management for an effective organization.  The management must always have the zeal to always work extra hard and take an extra step for the realization of their goals.  (Bush, 2003)

            Management is very influential on the subordinate staff.  Their actions affect the junior staff directly.  In the past management was viewed negatively. It was seen as imposive controlling and overly bureaucratic.  Employees believed that people should be led and things managed.  This goes a long way to show how the employees especially despised managers and their managerial roles.

            Management is very crucial for the efficient performance of any task in the organization.   As discussed earlier, there must be a strong connection between the top-level management and the subordinate staff.  There must be cultivated mutual trust and consequently a rapport to ensure good relations at the work place.   All these attribute are geared towards the success of the organization as a whole.

            Good management also puts on balance the needs and requirements of people and measures it against efficiency demand.  However, it must be remembered that efficiency is a priority in every organization.  All organizations strive to be not only effective but efficient in order to break even in the market.

            It must also be remembered that every management and leadership must have a clear cut plan and strategy to ensure that the goals and objectives of the organization are realized.  They therefore must follow various principles to ensure success of the company.  As mentioned earlier division of work is very fundamental in any organization. This basically is the sharing of duties and responsibilities especially between the senior team and the junior team.  This helps to enhance mutual understanding and trust.  It is also some kind of motivation because they are made to feel that they are part of the organization and more importantly that they are considered as valuable assets of that particular organization. (Noriea, 2004)

            It is also very important in an organization that an employee answers to only the superior.  If an employee gets instructions and orders from various people it may lead to miscommunication and misunderstandings in the organization.  Good and effective management is one where every top manager has got his area of specialization and therefore has his own group of subordinates. This helps to avoid conflict of instructions.

            Every organization as aforementioned must always have goals and objectives, which it targets to achieve at the end of a given period.  This objective must spread down the hierarchy so that even the most junior employee knows the vision, goals and objectives of that organization.  Consequently every person ought to work towards the realization of the goals and objectives of the organization.  The importance of management and leadership therefore in this case is to ensure that every person in the organization is aware of the organization’s objectives and that all work towards achieving the some.

            Another very important aspect of the managerial team is that they ensure discipline especially among the subordinate staff.  Obedience and good conduct is essential to ensure smooth running of the organization and eventual success of the organization in the market.  The management therefore ensures that the subordinates maintain discipline and that any action the contrary is dealt with.

            The management is also very important as it plays a very major role in ensuring that interest of the organization always come before the interests of any individual.  They therefore ensure that the rights of individuals do not dominate the overall interest of the organization for easier and better realization of the company’s goals and objectives.

            The managerial team is also very instrumental in ensuring that the organization’s policies and guidelines are followed to the letter.  This goes hand in hand with discipline as discussed earlier.  All these are geared to the realization of the company’s goals and objectives.  As discussed earlier teamwork is also very important.  The management and leadership teams therefore play a major role in ensuring that everyone in the organization works in harmony.  Teamwork is always as better results are achieved than when an individual works solely.

            The management is also important in an organization in ensuring equity among all employees.  No employee should be given better working conditions than the rest.  Every employee should receive equal treatment in terms of working conditions or otherwise.  This helps to promote teamwork, as everyone feels equal and accommodated.

            Management is also important as it always takes the very first available opportunity and maximizes on it.  It is actually the major role that the management and the leadership team play in an organization.  This it does to ensure that maximum profits are realized in the organization.

            Research indicates that an organization cannot operate without the top team of management and leadership.  This in essence means that the managerial and leadership is very core in every organization so that without which an organizations operations would be virtually paralyzed.

Another very important factor on leadership and management is that trustworthiness must be cultivated between the senior level management and the employees. The employees should be able to trust those in the top level management. Equally the subordinate staff must also bring themselves to be trusted by the top management. Therefore trustworthiness is mutual. The top level management must also demonstrate trustworthiness in terms of managing resources. The investors must be confident that their investment in the organization will be in safe hands.

Having discussed that it is therefore correct to conclude that leadership and management are equally important and though they are slightly different they are both very important in the smooth running of an organization and consequently its success. There are therefore elements every organization must possess to ensure growth and success.

References:

Alleto William C (1990) Importance of Proactive Management and Leadership. New      York, Alleto William C.

Bass Bernard M. (1997). Transformational Leadership. London. Lawrence Erlbaum       Associates.

Bush Tony (2003). Theories of Educational, Leadership and Management. London,        School Management and Organization.

Cameron Esther, Mike Green (2004). Making Sense of Change Management. New York.           Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Gill Roger (2006). Theory and Practice of Leadership. London. SAGE.

Gitlow Abraham (2004) Importance of Leadership. New York. Beard Books.

Norea Pender B. (2001) Importance of Leadership. New York. Prentile Hall. PTR

Tsui Catherine (2004). Importance of Leadership. London. University of Northumbria