Leadership is an essential element in group dynamics. It is a two-way process carried out by the leader and the followers of a group; it is executed by both to attain a common, specific goal for a group. Leadership refers to the guidance and direction of a leader to every member in any organization, aggregate, or group.
Transformational and charismatic leadership are two examples of styles of leadership in which the first is characterized by positive reinforcement of a leader to persuade members to see the leader’s outlook; and therefore, for the latter to exert maximum effort in actively participating for the pursuit of the group’s objective of bringing about change. The latter, charismatic leadership is performed by a leader who uses “charisma” or sweet talks to influence the members of the group.
Two types of leadership include self-leadership and super-leadership. Self-leadership is the concept which explains that leadership quality is innate in every individual, meaning, every member can create change in the group if one’s task is performed with quality. Super-leadership is executed by the leaders who reinforce self-leadership among members.
Leadership and Teams
What is Leadership?
For many people, the concept of leadership has many implications: for them, leadership means the quality of a person being skilled, gifted, and empowered to control, to manipulate, and even to coerce members, to abide the set of rules and regulations established in an organization. Mostly, people believe the importance of having and appointing a leader for the purpose of maintaining order and organization in the company’s or in their group processes and systems. For a group to achieve and attain a common desired end or a common goal, it is imperative for everybody affiliated in any group, to understand what leadership really is in relation to group dynamics; in addition, there is also a need to understand the different styles of leadership which are effective in order to attain success in achieving the group’s aspiration, target, or aim.
Leadership is the act of guiding and operating the activities of members in a particular group to achieve desired goal or outcome. Leadership is a two-way process where there should be equal participation and cooperation among the group’s members consisting of the colleagues, and the leader himself, in working towards a specific goal (Webster, 2008).
Styles of Leadership
There are many styles of leadership but this paper intends to emphasize two styles of effective and innovative leadership which is transformational leadership and charismatic leadership. The first leadership style mentioned, the transformational style, is described by the quality of a leader which is being passionate and energetic in every activity that the leader is engaged and in putting out one’s quality performance to influence the group; this leadership from the word itself, aims to bring about “transformation or change” in the group. This style of leadership is carried out by “beginning with an end in mind” meaning that a leader starts with creating a positive outlook that is concentrated on bringing progress and productive results in the group, continues with the persuasion of the leader to discuss the outlook for the intention of persuading the members to play their distinctive roles to support the completion of the goal. At best, this style purports to achieve the concept of success idealized and to succeed with the completion of an objective. At worst, for the leader’s part, the style could just “sound so good to be true,” to the extent that optimism is often miscalculated and often brings about overwhelming esteem and may later on lead to failure and frustration if the desired ends are not met. Charismatic leadership style, on the other hand, is described as “self-centered” rather than “person-centered.” This is leadership style uses “charisma” and creative persuasion (like that of sales talk of an agent) to lead other members to conform and follow. At best, it may lead other believers or believers to increase their faith (e.g. those members of religious movements). At worst, it may sound phony and appear as obsequious profession of one’s beliefs and suspicious due to the implicit self-serving bias for the leader’s part, that may be subconscious, but observed by other group members (CM.org, 2007).
Types of leadership: Self-leadership and Super-leadership
Self-leadership is a concept that explains how every members of the group is important for the success of a group. It simply states that leadership is inherent in every individual and so, responsibility to carry out one’s task for the group is mandatory. Similarly, Super-leadership is carried out by the leaders in a way that the leader reinforces the inherent leadership attitudes of the group members for the latter to be responsible and independent enough to act as leaders of their own selves and work well with minimal supervision (Kotelnikov, 2008).
For any group or organization to be successful with their goals, there should be good leadership who should serve as a good model for the members or colleagues. In a group, there should always be a leader to serve as an observer or maintenance to the group or institution’s smooth work flow, division of tasks, and spontaneous process. For some groups where there is no existing leaders to rule or guide and construct the coherence of group, there is always a tendency to appoint or assign a leader for the fear of disorganization, absence of order, and chaos. Truly, all members could be a leader themselves and practice their responsibility and independence to work at their own pace with minimal supervision, and exert their maximum effort to bring about success in the group; yet, there should still be a single representative of the group to analyze the positive and negative inputs and outputs of a group—and this serves the purpose of a leader. The leader should then be efficient with decision-making and creative enough to produce this “blueprint” in planning the adequate group’s activities, skills, attitudes, capital, etc. which are required to achieve the individual and the organization’s goal as a whole. For the leader, one should always call for a meeting to check on the progress of any plans carried out. Feedback, comments, and suggestions from the group members are also effective for assessment and evaluation of a leader’s plan—it will serve as a way for improving systems and developing standards and process to make the work or activities, spontaneously smooth-flowing and organized. Moreover, win-win attitude of groups is mostly gained by such objective and open-minded quality of leaders and members. Therefore, active participation and communication among the group members and the leader or leaders will ensure and reinforce the quality performance of each members of the group and will assure desired outcomes and productivity (Kotelnikov, 2008).
Changing Minds.org. (2007). Leadership. Retrieved October 6, 2004, from
Kotelnikov, V. (2008) Super-leadership. Retrieved October 6, 2008, from
Merriam-Webster. (2008) The Merriam Webster Dictionary, New Ed. Springfield,
MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc.