The Lord of the Flies Some things people are born with, others people need to learn through experiences or are taught. In the book Lord of the Flies the characters resemble “Id” “Ego” and “superego”. “Id” is when something or someone wants whatever feels good regardless of the situation. You are born with your “Id”. “Ego” is when the wants we have, have some consequences. This must be learned. “Superego” is morals, doing the right thing and thinking before acting. “Superego” must be taught. Lord of the Flies is about boys who get stranded on an island with no hope in being rescued.
They soon begin to believe that a “beast” is living on the island and they start to panic. The island goes from being the safe, untouched, peaceful area to eventually a destroyed, horrible, and consumed hell from the destruction of the young boys. In The Lord of the Flies, Jack mostly makes his decisions using his “Id”, Ralph makes his decisions using his “Ego”, and Simon makes his decisions using his “Superego”. Jack is a prime example of using his “id” for his actions. He makes a lot of his decisions without thinking and not considering the outcomes.
Jack rarely takes other people’s opinions into consideration and is very independent with his actions. When Jack wanted to become the leader of the boys, they had a vote. As the vote finished he stomped away crying. He claims to the boys, “I guess you just won the election” this is an example of selfishness and using his “Id” for poor decisions. In addition, he claims he beast should be hunted and killed. He also states that he will kill it, “The beast is a hunter… ” this is yet another example of how he sees no consequences and believes he is completely correct.
He gets very angry and upset with Ralphs group after the group splits with their leaders, therefore he decides to steal things from their camp. He says, again, he proves that he acts without considering any potential problems or cruel actions. Ralph, on the other hand, uses his “Ego” to make the most of his decisions. Throughout the novel he makes the better decisions most of the times and thinks about what he is doing. He listens to others opinions yet he still attempts to sway their feelings. As the book began, Ralph was put in charge because he showed leadership and he was the eldest of the boys.
Occasionally, he makes poor decisions and tries hard to be sneaky. Being chosen to be the leader was a privilege. When they started to think there was a beast on the island, he was one that tried to convince the boys that the beast was not real. He states, “I got this to say. You’re acting like a crowd of kids. ” (164) this explains how he used his head to think about the nonsense of a “Beast” on the island. He also tried using the conch as attempting to maintain order in the groups. He states, “What are we? Humans? Or animals? Or savages? What’s grown-ups going to think? (79) Here he represents leadership. He tries to keep the boys under control for the most part by making camps, fires, and getting food. He gets upset when they don’t pay attention to what he is asking of them, “Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called Piggy” now he is containing himself and using his “Ego” to think about what is best and right. Simon uses his “Superego” for making his decisions throughout the book. He makes many decisions with pondering all the outcomes and thinking of what he can help others with.
He is very considerate and very intelligent. At one moment in the book the children wanted food and they couldn’t reach it, “Then, amid the roar of bees in the afternoon sunlight, Simon found for [the littluns] the fruit they could not reach… [and] passed them back down to the endless, outstretched hands. “(pg. 56). He helps the younglings get the fruit and choses to help them to get what they needed. Additionally, Simon spends a lot of time alone just to think. He thinks a lot about everything going on. For example when he talks with the “devil” or the lord of the flies and figures things out. There isn’t anyone to help you. Only me. And I’m the Beast. . . . Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill! . . . You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you? Close, close, close! I’m the reason why it’s no go? Why things are the way they are? ” Eventually he is murdered by all of the boys when he attempts to give them the news that the beast cannot be killed because he is in everyone’s imagination. The beast is everyone and everything in this world. Therefore, in the novel The Lord of the Flies Jack continually uses his “Id”, Ralph continually uses his “Ego” and Simon uses his “Superego”.
Jack makes a lot of selfish decisions and he doesn’t take anyone else into mind. He is an independent character that wants what he wants and will do anything to get it. Ralph is the type of character in this book that considers options and takes other participants into mind when deciding. Simon, a lot like Ralph, but believes that he is not the one that matters. He makes all of his decisions in the consideration of all. In The Lord of the Flies we learn that people all have evil in themselves and there is no way to kill it.