Names Purpose And Characteristics Of System Modules Computer Science Essay

Identify and describe the names, intent and features of system faculties such as female parent board, power supply, CPU, Memory faculties, storage devices, show devices, adapter cards, ports and instances in the given machine. ( 10 Markss )

Name: Mother Board ( P4-GA-EP45T-UD3LR { 775/DDR3 } w/Sound+LAN )

Purpose: The intent of female parent board is to steer the computing machine do calculations. It has coachs, or electrical tracts to let informations to go between the assorted constituents that include in a computing machine and it have two-chip layout that can execute with lower power ingestion.

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Features: It is the basic system of the electronic circuit of computing machine and all the constituents for the computing machine system are glued on it with its assorted slots and connections. Furthermore, CPU, panel connection slots, memory cards, the arranger cards, DDR slots, AGP, AMR and PCI slots, north and south Bridgess are glued on it. The back panel ports stick through the dorsum of the instance.

fig 1.1 Motherboard

Name: Power Supply ( ATX power supply with 550W )

Purpose: The intent of power supply is to present electrical power for every connection in the system board and its enlargement convertor of AC current electromotive force to DC current electromotive force.

Features: power supply is the convertor of AC current electromotive force to DC current electromotive force and it has 24 pin or 20 pin and 4 pin. Power supply of 24 pin and 20 pin is to supply motherboard and 4 pin aide is for CPU fan.

Name: CPU ( Intel Core 2 Duo 2.93GHz { 3 MB / 1066 / 775 LGA Socket } )

Purpose: The CPU, the encephalon of the computing machine, is to have informations from user and it reads, interprets informations and executes bids.

Features: In a Personal computer, the CPU uses its ALU ( Arithmetic/Logic Unit ) to transport out mathematical operation and it can alter location informations in memory to another reference


Name: Memory Modules ( DDR2 RAM 2GB 240pin 800 MHz Kingston )

Purpose: It enables computing machines to work quicker because all the information processed by the CPU is written or read from memory,

Features: Memory faculty is a board used to mention to a series of dynamic random entree memory integrated circuits faculties mounted on a printed circuit board and designed usage in personal computing machines, workstations and waiters.

Name: Storage Devicess ( such as Floppy, Hard disc, Tape, CD, DVD drives )

Purpose: It can salvage informations for good from impermanent informations storage by optical and magnetic methods.

Features: Major magnetic devices ( floppy discs, difficult discs, and tape ) are stiff discs that are for good sealed in a non-removable, vacuum- tight part of the thrust unit. With the optical media ( Cadmiums, DVDs ) , informations is stored digitally on a photosensitive stuff by a powerful, extremely focused a optical maser beam.

Name: Monitor ( 19 ” LCD Color Monitor ( View Sonic broad position 1932 wm with DVI+LED )

Purpose: Proctor is the device to expose the picture and artworks information generated by the computing machine through the picture card

Characteristic: Proctors are similar to telecastings but show information at much higher quality. There are two sorts of proctor. They are CRT ( Cathode ray tubing ) and LCD ( Liquid Crystal Display ) .LCD proctors are much dilutant, and less power ingestions than CRT proctors

Name: Adapter Card games

Purpose: is to enable our computing machine to pass on with another peripherals such as proctor

Features: Motherboard Graphic Adapters are low cost level panel show interface card to utilize on board.

Name: Ports

Purpose: It is used to link with electrical devices that need for personal computing machine system.

Features: It is the topographic point where the devices needed to infix in motherboard for a computing machine. And there are many ports on following.

Ports Name Pins Inserted Particles

PS 2 6 pins Key Board, Mouse

Consecutive 9 pins modem, mouse, control stick

Parallel 25 pins pressman

VGA 15 pins proctor

USB 4 pins mp3, memory sticks, etc.

RJ 45 8 pins use to link with web

Name: Cases

Purpose: It is the box or tower which can envelop the chief constituents of a computing machine such as motherboard, power supply, thrusts and many peripherals.

Fig 1.3- System unit and Casing

Features: Cases are normally constructed from steel, aluminum or plastic is sometimes used. And it is the largest constituent in computing machine system. Tower instances come in mini, mid and large towers and intended to stand on the floor. There are the capacities for CD-ROMs, floppy disc, difficult disc thrusts. I/O ports can infix in back panel shield. Furthermore, Cases are more than 14 inches tall.

Undertaking 1

B ) Identify the names, intents and public presentation features of the standardised peripheral ports in the machine such as Serial, USB, Firewire, DB, RJ, Din, Mini-DIN, Centronics, Associated cabling and their connections. ( 10 Markss )


Name: Consecutive Port ( 9 pin )

Purpose: It is to supply a standard connection and protocol to allow our attach devices, such as modems, to our computing machines

Performance features: It is the basic external connexions to a computing machine and Integral portion of most computing machines. The consecutive port wholly in support of USB connexions, most modems still use the consecutive port, and in some pressmans, PDA and digital cameras.

Name: Parallel Port

Purpose: It is to link the Personal computer with pressman, external Cadmium thrusts, Zip thrust, external difficult disc thrust, or tape backup device.

Performance features: The parallel port can direct informations at the same time over 8 informations lines at velocities of12,000 Kbps.

Name: USB ( Universal Serial Bus ) Port

Purpose: It can let informations to reassign between electrical devices and provide electrical power to that devices from overseas telegram without ain power beginning.

Performance features: USB port is depended on by some devices to acquire power or bear down their battery. Furthermore, USB for linking on personal computing machines and equipments such as web arrangers, broadband and cellular modems for Internet entree and USB pressmans to be shared on a place web.

Name: Firewire

Purpose: FireWire is to link informations storage devices to anything from TVs or even professional Video recording setup because of its high informations transportation rate, it ‘s perfect for transporting picture and digital playback device to a digital recording device.

Performance: FireWire can supply more power than USB 2.0 and can present informations faster. And most satellite Television and digital receiving systems for overseas telegram have a Firewire end product and this port can enter programming to a Personal computer in its original MPEG2 format.

Figure: 1b.1for FireWire on popular digital overseas telegram terminus used today.

Name: Dubnium

Purpose: Data Bus is connexions between and within the CPU, Memory, and many peripherals that used to transport informations.

Performance: There are 2 types of informations coachs, they are informations coachs and reference coach. The information coach is the media that transfer informations and reference coach transportation information about where the information should travel and allow to be transferred informations faster.

Name: RJ ( Registered Jack )

Purpose: It is the port for distorted brace overseas telegram called LAN ( local country webs ) , particularly Ethernet or RJ-45 that can associate with MODEM or Ethernet Switch. And Modem RJ-11 connections are besides to link some types of LANs with modems.

Fig 1b.2 RJ-45, RJ-11 and Ethernet switch

Performance Features: RJ-45 expressions similar to RJ-11 that used for telephone equipment, but RJ-45 are a spot wider than RJ-11. Furthermore, RJ-11 is connection that has a four or six wire connections that used to link telephone equipment.

Name: Blare

Purpose: It is used in AT manner of computing machine. DIN connections held in topographic point by the clash of the connection organic structure and by pins. And it is used in Personal computer keyboards, MIDI instruments, and etc.

Performance features: DIN connections are round, with pins arranged in a round form.

Name: Mini-Din

Fig. 1b.3

Purpose: It is the another type of DIN connection

Performance: MINI-Din connections are 9.5 millimeters in diameters and come in seven forms that in the signifier of figure of pins from 3 to 9.

Name: Centronics ( pressman port )

Purpose: Centronics port shows the bi-directional version of the port, which allows the transmittal and response of informations spots at the same clip.

Performance Features: It has 36 pin connection to link the Personal computer with pressman. That can flux informations with maximal 4 Ms per second for faster printing and back channel position and direction. And new criterion of Centronics port can link scanners, tape thrusts, Hard discs, computing machine webs arrangers and other devices.

Undertaking 2

List the 3 most popular types of female parent boards, their constituents and their architecture ( 6 Markss )

Types of motherboards

Crosstalk ( Extended Technology )

AT ( Advanced Technology )

ATX ( Advanced Technology Extension )

The constituents include in motherboard are The CPU, the coachs, Chipsets ( accountants ) , sockets, connections, etc

Architecture of motherboard

The motherboard is a board covered with electronics and it is merely a large plastic sheet which is full of electrical music directors. And the music directors ( paths ) run across and down, and in several beds in order to link all the single constituents, and reassign informations between them. The cabinet and the motherboard are made to fulfill each other, so there are holes in the metal for the connections mounted on the board. Finally, the motherboard has to be linked to the Personal computer ‘s power supply installed in the cabinet.

B ) Identify the intent of CMOS memory in your Personal computer and list out what it contains. Describe how and when it is necessary to alter the CMOS parametric quantities ( 6 Markss )

The intent of CMOS in Personal computer

CMOS ( Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor ) is situated in BIOS bit

It requires really small power and it can be powered by a little battery that ‘s integrated into the motherboard clasp informations

It will be automatically recharges while the computing machine is on.

CMOS MEMORY contains

Standard CMOS Setup Program

BIOS Features Setup Program

Power Management Program

PNP/ PCI Configuration Program

Load BIOS Defaults Program

Load Setup Defaults Program

Looking approximately Integrated Peripherals

Supervisor Password

User Password

IDE Hard Disk Drive Auto Detection

Difficult Disk Drive Low Level Format

Save and Exit Setup Program

Exit Without Salvaging Program

CMOS Parameters can be changed in CMOS Setup Program and this plan can be entered by pressing the DEL or F2 cardinal continuously during the Window Program is started to run. In Most Motherboards that have jumper which allows the user to return to the default CMOS scene configured by the maker in CMOS restore to mill defaults. This is utile because when you can non come in the CMOS Setup Program because of the wrong CMOS scene or Lost CMOS Setup watchword. So, that make certain the power is wholly off when you shorten the jumper.

degree Celsius ) You are required to utilize two different types of Printers and name the undermentioned information derived from each pressman:

I ) What are the pressman engineerings, interfaces and options for ascents available for your pressmans ( 4 Markss )

two ) What are the 2 common pressman jobs which you can anticipate from our pressmans, name our redresss for the jobs utilizing appropriate mentions? ( 4 Markss )

Two different types of Printers are

Consecutive Printer

Page Printer

In Consecutive Printers,

Two Groups can be categorized as follow:

Impact Printers ( Using Ribbon )

-Dot Matrix Printers

B ) Non- Impact Printers ( Using Toner Cartridge )

-Thermal Printers

-Ink Jet Printers

In Page Printers,

Non Impact Printers

Laser Printers ( Mono chrome, Color optical maser )

Interfaces Of Printer: “ It is a aggregation of hardware and package that allows the pressman to pass on with a computing machine. It can do some pressman more flexible in multiplatform environment. If the pressman has several interfaces, it can normally interchange between them on the fly so that several computing machines can publish at the same clip. ”

Mention from: A+ Fast Pass written by David Groth

Options for Ascent:

Resolution Of Printer can be measured as DPI ( points per inches )

Printer Buffer

Two Common Printer Problems

Paper Jam

Cause of Toner membranophone on optical maser pressmans

Redresss for Printer Problems

If the is jammed, the first work is to draw out any leftovers. Even the smallest piece of paper could do the job so look into your pressman carefully.

If the job is related with toner cartridge, cheque to see your pressman toner cartridge that is empty or low. So, the solution is to replenish the toner to your optical maser pressman and this job is depending on clip and you must look into one time a twelvemonth for your pressman. Furthermore, the major job is the ink will dry out in the little noses and block if they are non use at least one time a hebdomad.

Undertaking 3

For this undertaking and subsequent undertaking you need to put up a little Windows XP web utilizing at least 3 computing machines. Produce a study with appropriate screen gaining control attesting your practical work and covering the undermentioned information:

Identify the types of web overseas telegrams, their features and the connections which you will utilize for the web. ( 5 Markss )

Types of Network Cables


Connections that use for the web

Unshielded Distorted Pair ( UTP ) Cable

It consists of several braces of wires twisted in the insulated jacket and found in 10/100 Base T Ethernet webs.

Topology: Star

RJ 45

Coaxial Cable ( RG )

Suitable for most LANs communications that consists of Cu wire sealed by insularity and metal foil shield

Topology: Bus

RJ 58 ( usage for 10base2 ( Thinnet ) Ethernet ) , RJ 8 ( usage for 10base5 ( Thicknet ) Ethernet ) ,

Fiber Optic Cable

A thin, flexible glass fibre covered by gum elastic coating and provides transmittal velocity from 100 Mbps up to 1 Gbps and a maximal distance of several


Topology: Star


ST – a barrel-shaped connection

SC- square type connection

Shielded Distorted Pair ( STP ) Cable

10 Mbps to 2 Gbps for Ethernet, 16 Mbps for Token Ring

Topology: Star or Ringing

RJ 45 for Ethernet, IDC/UDC for Token Ring ( IDC-IBM informations connection, UDC-Universal Data Connector )

Research and list five different engineerings available for Internet connectivity for your web and name their strengths and failings. ( 10 Markss )

5 different engineerings for Internet Connectivity


Dial up cyberspace uses a modem and dial-up networking ( DUN ) in Window to set up a connexion between a Personal computer and an Internet Service Provider ( ISP ) .

It uses standard telephone lines and ties up the phone while it is runing.

Dial-up velocity is limited to between 52 Kbps and 56 Kbps.

ISDN ( Integrated Service Digital Network )

it is a particular type of phone line that is able to transport informations faster than a regular dial-up.

It besides has a separate voice channel, so you can put voice calls while connected to the Internet. It requires particular phone lines from the phone company.

ISDN is a dial up connexion and uses dial up networking. However, it establishes the connexion much more rapidly than a standard dial-up, normally within 5 seconds.

ADSL ( Asymmetric digital subscriber line )

“ It enables Internet utilizing bing Cu wired telephone webs. It uses the chief construct of DSL engineering and it works by dividing the bing telephone line signal into two: one for voice and the other for informations. ADSL is asymmetric as it uses most of the channel to convey downstream to the user and merely a little portion to have information from the user. ”

hypertext transfer protocol: //


It can reassign informations via light moving ridges.

And informations transmittal is improbably fast.

They are made from glass or plastic fibres in the nucleus of the overseas telegram surrounded by a “ facing ” bed ( designed to reflect light back towards the nucleus ) and a “ buffer coating, ”

BROADBAND cyberspace entree

Broadband has a high rate informations transmittal and minimal velocity that users can acquire is 256 Kbps.

Broadband uses lower-bitrate transmittal methods.

Broadband engineerings supply dual rate than Dial-up modems and by and large without interrupting telephone usage.

Strengths and Failings for Internet Connectivity

Kinds that use for Internet Connectivity

Strength for utilizing this engineering

Failing for utilizing this engineering


. Cheapest type of Internet connexion

. Low monetary value

. Lower velocity than any other

. Discomfort of typing up phone line


. Name apparatus is really speedy

. Low retrieval clip

. Can transport informations and voice at the same clip and voice clarity is uncomparable

. ISDN routers and modems are more expensive than any others

. Data connexions are non available in all locations


. High velocity connexion

. Use of phone line while connected

. Faster download than upload

. Line proving takes a long clip

. Home user is contented at 50:1 by sharing your 512 Kbps with 49 other people, giving you 10 bits per seconds.

Fiber connexion

. It can convey informations over long distance without much informations loss


. Can be more monetary value than broadband connexion cost

. non susceptible wireless frequence


. Maximal transmittal velocity is 4 Mbps

. Transmission capacity is faster than Primary ISDN

. Bandwidth is non ever reliable for client

. Not sufficient plenty to supply good picture quality.

degree Celsiuss ) List the 5 networking capablenesss of Window XP ( 5 Markss )

5 networking capablenesss of Windows XP

Internet Connection Firewall ( ICF )

When your computing machine is connected to the Internet or other path for the web, there is a menace of non permission onslaught to near your computing machine informations. If the computing machine is linking the external web, a Firewall can protect your place web versus the danger of unsafety web jammed to go through.

Network Setup Wizard

Window XP introduces us with a Network Setup Wizard for easy utilizing of Puting up your web and it use to configure the Internet connexion on your web, and provide the Internet Connection Firewall. Furthermore, it can be run on the Window 98, Window ME and Window XP computing machines on your web utilizing the Cadmium or a floppy disc.

Network Nosologies Features

Network Diagnostics features aid naming web jobs increase people who is puting up little webs. The characteristics of The Network Diagnostics Web Page and NetSh assistant, Network Connections Support Tab, Network Connection Repair Link, Task Manager Networking Tab and Updated Command Line Network Diagnostics Tool, enable troubleshooting of assorted jobs by the users.

Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet ( PPPoE )

Window XP creates connexions utilizing Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet ( PPPoE ) . By utilizing this Broadband modem, LAN users can hold high-velocity informations webs. And PPPoE provides separate connexions for each user to a distant waiter. In add-on, it besides enables your internet connexions join swimmingly with Internet Explorer and other Window Applications.

Wireless LAN Enhancements

Window XP deploys some characteristics and sweetenings about Wireless LAN webs and these sweetenings are summarized as follow.

Enhanced Ethernet and Wireless Security ( IEEE 802.1X Support )

Radio Zero Configuration

Fig.3 c.1 demoing about cyberspace connexions

Undertaking 4

Undertaking 4

For this undertaking you need to make a fresh install of Windows XP ( or subsequently runing system permitted by your coach ) on a computing machine. Fix a study attesting your practical work covering the undermentioned inquiries:

List out the names, locations, intent and contents of any 10 Windows XP ( or subsequently versions permitted ) systems files. ( 10 Markss )

By this inquiry, I need to put in a Window XP ( Service pack 2 ) ; I insert a Window XP installer phonograph record into my Cadmium thrust.

When the Cadmium is read, the proctor screen shows the undermentioned messages.

Fig 4a.1

By this message,

I pressed any cardinal such as Space, Enter, Backspace, etc

Fig 4a.28

So Finally, The Window XP installing was finished and the wallpaper and Recycle Bin icon is display on the screen.

Simple Mention:

From Practical Room

List out the names, locations, intent and contents of any 10 Window XP ( or subsequently versions permitted ) system files ( 10 Markss )

Name callings of 10 Window XP system files

Location: All system files are located in C : Window XP file

Purposes of system files

NTLDR: It normally run on primary difficult disc thrust and the intent is to lading the boot procedure for Window NT runing system including Window XP, Window Server 2003.

NTDETECT.COM: is used on computing machine that has BIOS microcode. In Windows Vista and subsequently Operating Systems, NTDETECT.COM is now merely to supports ACPI ( Advanced Configuration and Power Interface ) .

IO.SYS is an indispensable portion of MS-DOS and Window 9x because it contains MS device drivers and DOS initialising Program. And it can initialise the device drivers into memo

MSDOS.SYS It is a concealed system file created on the root of the boot thrust. It can alter the Personal computer environment by replacing the file contents

[ Paths ]




[ Options ]




CONFIG.SYS can put up the memory directors in the system. It can lade files, largely TSRs and devices drivers, in bend ( console, disc, consecutive port, etc

BOOT.INI: is to protected from user constellation by holding the file attributes such as system, hidden, read-only. To manually redact it

AUTOEXEC.BAT contains DOS commands that executed automatically when a Personal computer boots. This locates in the root directory of the difficult thrust of the computing machine and is used to put defaults to run plans that should be executed during apparatus.

Contentss: PROMPT $ P $ G

COMMAND.COM is the default runing system shell file for DOS runing system and the default bid line translator on DOS-based 16/32-bit Window versions of 9x and Me.

NTUSER.DAT: it is to put the default linguistic communication to alternatively of English and can redact file to match to the new linguistic communication

BOOT.INI it is a text file available on the computing machine. And it is fetched by NTLDR and displayed as OS options.

Contentss: [ boot stevedore ]


default=multi ( 0 ) disc ( 0 ) rdisk ( 0 ) divider ( 2 ) WINDOWS

[ runing systems ]

multi ( 0 ) disc ( 0 ) rdisk ( 0 ) divider ( 2 ) WINDOWS= ” Microsoft Windows XP ” /fastdetect

Degree centigrades: = “ Microsoft Windows ”

B ) Use the undermentioned tools in Windows such as Microsoft Management Console ( MMC ) , Event Viewer and Task Manager on the system. List out the practical utilizations of these tools. ( 10 Markss )

Microsoft Management Console ( MMC )

Fig 4b.1

First, if you want to come in the Microsoft Management Console, you ‘ll come in RUN ( win cardinal + R key ) plan and type MMC.

And so MMC plan is opened.

Fig 4b.2

In Fig 4b.2, there is no plan in console root and if you want to add or take snap-in, travel to the File Text Menu Bar ( Ctrl+m ) . You can add the plans that you want to make in the same clip and you can snap Remove button to take the plan that you do n’t desire to make.

Fig 4b.3

Fig 4b.4 shows that you can take the plans that you want to make and Click Add if non you can snap Close Button to go out from the plan.

Fig 4b.4

The above illustration shows that the user chose the Device Manager Program to add to the Console Root. And he clicks Add.

Fig 4b.5

And the message box shows on the screen to take the sort of computing machine ( local or another ) and the user chose local computing machine. Click Finish to salvage the plan in attention deficit disorder or take snap-in.

Fig 4.6

This above Add/Remove Snap-in box shows that the plan that you already add and if you want to add 2nd plan, you will snap Add button for following clip.

Fig 4b.7

Fig 4b.7 shows that the user seems to add Disk Defragmenter, Disk Management ( Local ) , Event Viewer ( Local ) , Device Manager on local computing machine. And the image is clicked Disk Defragmenter plan.

Fig 4b.8

The image shows the Console1.msc file is saved in desktop.

Fig 4b.9

Besides the Console1.msc file is saved on the desktop on the screen. So, you can besides see the Console1.msc file on desktop. And so, u can be use Disk Defragmenter, Disk Management ( Local ) , Event Viewer ( Local ) , Device Manager on local computing machine by snaping the Console1.msc file.

Event Viewer

Fig 4b.10

If you want to utilize event spectator package plan, imperativeness Window key+R and type eventvwr and click OK.

Fig 4b.11

In event spectator package plan, you can see the application, Security and System package icons.

Fig 4b.12

When you click Application list, you can see what go on in your Computer Operation System such as Informations, Warnings, and Mistakes when the computing machine is running.

Fig 4b.13

And system list shows how many events occur day of the month by day of the month such as Mistakes and Information.

Fig 4b.14 is every bit same as Fig 4b.13

In above image is about System Properties and it can be opened by snaping right chink on system icon.

Fig 4b.15

In the box of System Properties, the user can set the Maximum log size, overwrite events day of the month and clear log manually.

Fig 4b.16

Fig 4b.16 shows that the user can alter the Event types if the merely he wanted by snaping right chink and travel to see and so snap filter. And click OK to demo them or snap Cancel to acquire back to the Menu.

Undertaking Manager

If you want to come in the Task Manager Program, imperativeness Window Key and Run key to come in Run Program and type as “ taskmgr ” .

Fig 4b.17

The above message box is demoing that which applications are running on the OS and has Applications, Processes, Performance, Networking and Users icons.

Fig 4b.16

The above image shows that if you want to shut Windows Messenger, select it and snap right chink and choose End Task.

Fig 4b.17

And this above image is about if you want to open the plan ( eg. Window Media Player ) , click New Task to make New Task.

Fig 4b.18

Furthermore, the user can look which plan takes how much memory use in Process Option.

And if you want to shut Window Media Player click terminal procedure to shut.

Fig 4b.20

And in Performance option, the user can see the CPU and PF uses and histories.

Furthermore, In Networking option, the usage would see the Connection between Local Area Network.

Fig 4b.21

In user list, the user can see that how many user histories in at that place. And he can unplug or log off the Administrator ( user ) history.

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degree Celsius ) Install two new devices after you have installed the Operation system and list out the processs which you used for adding and configuring the devices drivers. ( 10 Markss )

I installed the Printer after you have installed the Operation system.

Installation of Printer

First, connect the informations overseas telegram with Printer port.

Fig 4c.1

And, travel to the control panel and snap the “ Printer and Faxes ” .

Then, snap “ Add a pressman ” dialog-box.

So, the screen shows the show box “ Welcome to the Add Printer ” .

And so snap Next to go on.

19th August, Thursday at 9:48 AM.

Fig 4c. 2

And the message box shows that you need to take local or web pressman.

If you want to portion a pressman, chose web pressman. But you must hold a pressman ‘s driver in computing machine. So choose local pressman for the user ‘s computing machine merely.

19th August, Thursday at 9:49 AM.

Fig 4c.3

Select pressman ‘s port such as LPT ( Recommended Printer Port/Parallel Port ) , COM ( Serial port ) , USB port, so chose USB port.

Fig 4c.4

I think you need to take the industry and theoretical accounts of your pressman. If you do n’t hold pressman ‘s theoretical account, chink Have Disk button and choose and assign as HP and add as HP Deskjet 2200 series.

Fig 4c.5

Choose either portion the pressman or do n’t portion the pressman. So choose do n’t portion the pressman.

Fig 4c.6

So, finished the installing of pressman.

19th August, Thursday at 9:55 AM.

Fig 4c.7

At the terminal of the installing of Printer, your installed Printer is in usage. Furthermore, if you want to portion this pressman, click right-click to the sharing of pressman.

Fig 4c.8

And in the Sharing Tab, you need to take “ Share this pressman. ”

19th August, Thursday at 9:59 AM.

Fig 4c.9

At the terminal, the installing is finished and the pressman is ready to utilize now.

19th August, Thursday at 10:00 AM.

Installation of Scanner

Fig 4c.9

First, I mounted the scanner to USB port so the message box shows “ Found New Hardware ” and I clicked the right chink to “ My computing machine ” icon and so take Properties to see the belongings of scanner.

17th August, Tuesday at 12:37 AM.

Fig 4c.10

In Hardware check, I click the Device Manager to see for the scanner installing.

17th August, Tuesday at 12:38 AM.

Fig 4c.11

In Device Manager Option, the new scanner plan is demoing Question Mark as unknown device or other device.

17th August, Tuesday at 12:38 AM.

Fig 4c.12

For the first measure, I go to the My computing machine plan and so snap the Canoscanner icon to open. In 2nd measure, I chose the Setup to Install the scanner.

17th August, Tuesday at 12:41 AM.

Fig 4c.13

And the CanoScan Message Box is shown to put in the scanner and so some package installing notes is shown as to cognize.

17th August, Tuesday at 12:42 AM.

Fig 4c.14

And the message box shows that the cheque Markss will be installed and take the cheque grade if some plan is non unwanted by snaping following clip to unwanted plan.

And snap Install to put in the pronounced plan and snap Back to travel back to the chief bill of fare.

17th August, Tuesday at 12:43 AM.

Fig 4c.15

The User can see 3 Stairss,

As the measure 1, the user must read the License Agreement carefully and

As the measure 2, there are 2 more plans ( such as Scan Gear and Cannon tool box ) to put in and if u agree that click Install to go on the plan. And if you click Install button the Scan Gear Installation is started.

17th August, Tuesday at 12:43 AM.

Fig 4c.16

When the Scan Gear Installation is finished there is one more plan ( CanoScan Toolbox ) left to put in. And as your pick that you can snap Install that plan to do the scanner operation easier.

17th August, Tuesday at 12:44 AM.

Fig 4c.17

If the installing is finished, InstallShield Wizard is welcome and Click Next to go on CanoScan Toolbox

17th August, Tuesday at 12:44 AM.

Fig 4c.18

Choose the Destination Folder Location and Exist the booklet in Accessories Program.

Then snap Next to go on Install.

17th August, Tuesday at 12:45 AM.

Fig 4c.19

As the Step 3 message box shows that the package installing is complete and click OK to go the perfect installing.

17th August 2010 Tuesday at 12:45 AM.

Fig 4c.20

When the installing is successfully perfect, the system need to re-start.

17th August 2010 at 12:46 PM.

Fig 4c.21

As an Imaging Devices, your fresh installed scanner is ready to utilize now.

Undertaking 5

Research you ‘re the significance of common mistake codifications and start-up message from the boot sequence ( 5 Markss )

Start-up messages

Meaning of common mistake codifications

“ Disk Boot Failure, Insert System Disk and Press Enter ”

The boot options non right fixed in BIOS

A non bootable Cadmium is found in your Cadmium thrust

You have installed a new difficult disc

The difficult disc is non decently plugged

Your system files have been corrupted

“ Could n’t happen stevedore. Please insert another disc ”

NTLDR is losing or corrupted

“ is losing or corrupted ” files are stressing that is incorrect divider

List the common Window XP diagnostic public-service corporations and tools, depicting the use of each of these.

Window XP public-service corporations and tools

Disk Clean-up

Disk Defragment

Disk Manager

Disk Clean-up

Disk Clean-up is the computing machine care public-service corporation and intent is to liberate up Disk infinite in Hard disc thrust. This public-service corporation is to seek and analyse the Hard disc thrust for files that are no longer usage and take that non needed files.

Fig 5.1 – Disk Killing

Disk Defragment

This public-service corporation is to increase entree velocity by rearranging files stored on a disc to busy storage locations. The intent is to optimise the clip to read and compose files from the disc by less clip travel and reassign rate usage to better system start-up clip.

Disk Manager

Disk Manager plan is to make and cancel dividers that the user privation to make.

And, how to arrange volumes with the FAT, FAT32, or NTFS file systems