Unions are organisations formed to voice out dissatisfactions and represent involvements of employees in a company. In the past. employees- particularly those who are low in instruction degree and those who are minorities were exploited because they are non cognizant of their rights. Therefore. brotherhoods exist and sustained boulder claies today for two chief reasons- to protect the employees and to counter the employers’ powers. Unions usually cover jointly with employer and negotiate labour understandings during the period in which they are effectual.
The major end is to derive the best common involvement. working conditions. wellness benefits and occupation security for its members. To farther understand the map and function drama of brotherhoods. we conducted a survey of a union- NUBE ( National Union of Banking Employees ) in the banking industry. Based on our research consequence. this paper will include the background of the chosen brotherhood. how this brotherhood fights for its members’ benefits. the impacts towards the industry due to its base on balls success and some personal sentiment from a current member in this brotherhood obtain through a walk in unwritten interview.
Brief History of Unions in United States of America and Malaysia In early 1920s. labours had to work excess hours with minimal rewards. Neither wellness benefits nor insurance were included in their contract of working. Subsequently on. things have changed with the being of brotherhoods. One of the earliest brotherhoods was The National Labor Union which was founded in 1866. After 1866. more and more brotherhoods were formed such as The Knights of Labor. American Federation of Labor and besides few Acts of the Apostless were passed to protect the labours. In Malaysia. brotherhoods started to be in active in 1920s when the Communist Party of Malaya encouraged unskilled workers to unionise.
There were no regulations or ordinance at all about trade brotherhoods at that clip. But in 1940. a Trade Unions Enactment was passed in the Federated Malay States. The passage made it necessary for all trade brotherhoods to be registered in order to avoid excess brotherhoods. Trade brotherhoods in Malaysia can be divided into three. in-house. national and federation of trade brotherhoods. Objective of in-house trade brotherhood is to look after the involvements of members in that establishment merely.
While national trade brotherhoods are grouped harmonizing to industry. trade. or business. and their rank is non restricted to a peculiar establishment but geographically where a national trade brotherhood can pull its members merely from Peninsular Malaysia. or Sabah. or Sarawak. Last. a federation of trade brotherhoods is a combination of trade brotherhoods from similar industries. trades. or businesss. Normally Director General of Trade Unions has the right to make up one’s mind what similar industries are trades or businesss when there are uncertainties within the members. Well-known brotherhoods in Malaysia consist of Malaysia Rugby Union. The Musicians Union of Malaysia and few others.
National Union of Bank Employee’s Background
National Union of Bank Employees ( NUBE ) consists of more than 30. 000 members in the Banking and Financial Institutions in Peninsular Malaysia. It was formed in 1958 with 5 subdivisions under them. the first is combination of Kuala Lumpur. Selangor and Pahang ( KLSP ) . 2nd is in Ipoh. the 3rd is in Penang. Kedah and Perlis ( PKP ) . the 4th is in Kelantan and the fifth is in Seremban. Melaka and Johor ( SMJ ) and their recreational seaboard resort which is in Port Dickson.
Like other brotherhoods. the ground of holding brotherhood in any industry is to protect labours and their sentiments will be taking in consideration. As for Bankss. NUBE is a brotherhood for all the Bankss in Malaysia. NUBE’s primary aim is to function protect and aid members sing their personal benefits and to assist the members to negociate with the Bankss in order to hold a good employee and employer relationship. NUBE can be considered as a in-between individual or go-between if there is a job between the Bankss and the employees.
National Union of Bank Employee’s Battles
When members of the brotherhood have an issue which is non being paid attending by the employer or authorities. NUBE will publicise the issues in order to coerce them. In the base on balls. NUBE had organized a figure of activities in contending all sorts of benefits for its members such as increasing the wage. bettering certain wellness benefit policies. bespeaking apologies and demanding compensations for unjust labour patterns etc. Some differences were even brought up to the tribunal when the employer and the brotherhood could non compromise. Overall. most of these activities and lookouts by NUBE had successfully gain public attending and cause force per unit area towards the employers to take immediate action in negociating the solution when an issue is brought up. NUBE Fights for Maternity Leave
In March 2010. NUBE proposed an addition in pregnancy leave in concurrence with International Women’s Day on the 8th. The “90 Days for Mums – 1 Million Signatures Campaign” was launched subsequently on to earn support for this proposal even though the ministry make it clear that they have no programs in widening the current pregnancy leave. Apart from supporting the rights of female employees in Malaysia that. this run besides aimed to aware the authorities that many subdivisions of labour Torahs in Malaysia were disused and inauspicious. NUBE Secretary-General J. Solomon said that a 60-day pregnancy leave in Malaysia is non the in line with the International Labour Organisation ( ILO ) Convention 183 on Maternity Protection. Therefore. the one million signatures will be submitted to Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak to appeal for an amendment of the Act on pregnancy leave.
For making greater consciousness to the populace. NUBE besides sent in memoranda to the Ministry of Women. Family and Community Development at the launching of the run. The consequence as reported in The Star Online. this run successfully received immense support from assorted parties such as Women’s Aid Organisation. World Alliance on Breastfeeding Action. Asian Pacific Resource and Research Centre for Women. All Women’s Action Society. Union Network International – MLC ( Global Union ) . Malayan Trades Union Congress ( MTUC ) . Kesatuan Kesedaran Komuniti Selangor. Tenaganita Sdn Bhd. Wanita Gerakan. and Wanita Keadilan. As the consequence. the immense impact of this run had caused the ministry to assure that they will take in consideration of this proposal. Although there is no seeable alterations in the pregnancy leave on both private and public sectors yet. NUBE act is consider really of import as they have successfully raise consciousness and concern to employers about this affair so it could be reviewed with added benefits when the clip is right.
NUBE Reports Maybank to MACC
On the February 15 this twelvemonth. NUBE unionist staged a lookout against Malayan Banking Berhad ( Maybank ) outside their office at Bangsar. The bank employees who are NUBE members that joined the lookout voiced their chief dissatisfaction over the dead rewards issue that is yet to be reviewed by their employer and the dissatisfaction over unjust pattern by Maybank. The brotherhood members marched into the Malayan Anti-Corruption Commission ( MACC ) and study about Maybank go againsting the labour and civil Torahs every bit good as the corporate understanding for establishing an in house brotherhood called the Maybank non-executive Union ( MANEAU ) . J. Solomon explained that the formation of MANEAU by Maybank serves as a ‘union breaking campaign’ because it spoilt NUBE’s dialogue for public presentation fillip.
It is revealed that employees did non have any public presentation fillip at all whereby the CEO of Maybank enjoys a immense amount of 24 months’ salary which total up to RM2. 160. 000 as his public presentation fillip. This cause great dissatisfaction among the Maybank employees as is clearly unjust to them. Besides. to halt employees from fall ining the lookout. Maybank besides ordered the Malaysian Commercial Bank Association to cut down wages of all employees that take leave to fall in the picketing. Maybank acted unjust to the employees’ brotherhood members and shown attempt in barricading any activities of the employees brotherhood.
Malayan Trade Union Congress besides reported that Maybank is traveling against the jurisprudence by back uping their ain in-house brotherhood by patronizing them. Maybank’s act violated the Torahs as they shouldn’t be patronizing or back uping any brotherhoods. NUBE had shown concern over their member’s differences and reacted rapidly by acquiring the issue to the Prime Minister. Datuk Seri Najib Razak but when it gets no response. NUBE acted by presenting a lookout. raising consciousness to the populace of what is go oning inside the Malaysia’s biggest fiscal establishment. giving moderately immense sum of force per unit area to Maybank in reexamining the affair. NUBE besides acted in protecting the bank employee’s rights by describing the misdemeanor of Torahs by Maybank to the MACC.
NUBE Lookouts on Minimum Wages
Recently in Kuala Lumpur. while the remainder of the workers across the Malaysia are basking their privileges of Labor Day off twenty-four hours on May 1. over a thousand employees gathered together and marched across the metropolis. The chief ground the March takes topographic point is to protest against the freshly announced minimal pay policy and to contend for basic employee rights. The mass meeting consisting participant largely from the NUBE. followed by the other brotherhoods – Guppy Plastic Industries Workers Union. Occupy Activist. Party Socialist Malaysia. and Women Aid Organization. During the March. their chant includes stop extinguishing brotherhood organisations and raising the minimal wage from RM 900 to RM 1500. a much fairer wage.
NUBE clear up the much fairer wage as the poorness line harmonizing to research is RM 750 and the differences of RM 150 apart from minimal wages are non sufficient. J. Solomon besides taken this chance to direct messages to employers and officers in Human Resource Ministry to abort whatever program that erode worker’ rights. He besides says that it is wholly unacceptable as the human resource ministry is plotting with Maybank employers to rupture worker apart and efforts to destruct NUBE. Therefore. members from NUBE lookouts against Maybank and impulses to boycott against the bank.
The Current NUBE Member
The summarized information below is obtained through an interview with a current Maybank employee who is besides a NUBE member conducted orally at Maybank Kota Damansara subdivision on July 2. 2012. 2. 30pm. ( Refer Appendix A for full interview contents ) . The interviewee requested to non unwrap her personal information. In the followers. she will be referred as ‘the interviewee’ . To come in the banking industry. one fundamentally must hold a certain degree of instruction. Therefore. employees in the banking industry are extremely cognizant of their rights. To guarantee that these rights were protected. most of them join the NUBE as it is a more efficient and powerful path for obtaining better working benefits. It is widely known among the banking industry employees that this brotherhood is actively contending the best of possible for its members. This is how the interviewee came to cognize about the being of this brotherhood and felt secure to be a member of it.
One of the factors related to brotherhood success in forming is holding a good leader because a strong leader surely will give assurance to the members in the brotherhood. In return. members will demo a comparative strong support in the brotherhood. J. Solomon ( 2005 ) . formal NUBE leader one time said: “Since my younger yearss. I’ve ne’er liked to see anyone being bullied. If I see person who is weak and can non talk for themselves. so I’d be an informal leader. That’s how I grew up. ” Therefore. harmonizing to the interviewee. NUBE’s country representatives were sent to Bankss quarterly or when there are any grudges in order to keep close contacts with members. cod feedbacks and update latest information to guarantee the members concerns are good taken attention off.
The interviewee is positive that J. Solomon is professional in taking attention of their dissatisfactions and so contend the best for them. She is happy to have regular updates from country representatives. and is satisfied that the official web site is up to day of the month with the latest information about the brotherhood activities all the clip. Apart from that. she is besides pleased that when a contract is coming to an terminal. all members will be invited to go to meetings to voice out concerns and footings to be renegotiated in the new contract. This is the ground she has been in the brotherhood for more than 10 old ages. Surely. holding loyal members is another factor of the brotherhood staying strong and successful.
NUBE professional attitude is surely one of the chief grounds that their members remain loyal. When it comes to picketing or presentation. the brotherhood will first advise the constabulary about their agenda of activities and obtain a legal blessing so that sections who are concern can take any signifier of safeguard to forestall hurts and amendss towards the populace. This is besides another ground that the interviewee support this brotherhood all old ages along because she extremely respects J. Solomon attitude in ever take a firm standing a peaceful and legal manner to show their dissatisfactions so that the employer will decide the issue for them. “I personally experience that all the brotherhood is truly needed in order we. the employees are non being exploited and acquire what we deserve. ” she said.
From our research. a strong and effectual brotherhood is able to increase its members working quality. The few factors that NUBE is so successful are concluded as below: ( 1 ) they have active engagement from members. ( 2 ) they have done proper readyings for farther dialogues before manus. ( 3 ) they are extremely involve in political and civil activities. ( 4 ) they have a strong brotherhood outlook and most of all ( 5 ) a professional leader. ( Fossum. 2012 ) Overall in simple words. in the yesteryear. nowadays and hereafter. the being of brotherhoods does and will ever play a really important function and serve an of import intent towards the society. If there are more NUBEs around the universe. it is positive to believe that the rate of development in labours will cut down drastically and the sum of sweatshops will diminish faster particularly in rural countries.
Anisah Shukry. ( May 1. 2012 ) . On Labour Day. workers march for more money. Retrieved July 6. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. themalaysianinsider. com/malaysia/article/on-labour-day-workers-march-for-more-money/ Baker & A ; Mckenzie. ( 2009 ) . Malaysia Trade Unions Guide. Retrieved July 11 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. bakermckenzie. com/files/Uploads/Documents/Supporting % 20Your % 20Business/Global % 20Markets % 20QRGs/Trade % 20Unions % 20and % 20Works % 20Councils/qr_malaysia_tradeunionsguide_2009. pdf Claudia Theophilus. ( August 26. 2005 ) . Q & A ; A with the NUBE general-secretary. Retrieved July 5 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. indianmalaysian. com/sound/modules. php? name=News & A ; file=print & A ; sid=40 John A. Fossum. ( 2012 ) . Unions: Members and Leader Attitudes. Behaviours. and Political Activities. Labor Relations Development. Structure. Process. 11ed. New york: Mc Graw Hill. Lisa J. Ariffin. ( February 15. 2012 ) . NUBE takes Maybank difference to streets. Retrieved June 18. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. facebook. com/groups/379377715461781/ Malaymail. ( March 2. 2010 ) . Request for 90 yearss of pregnancy leave in advancement. Retrieved July 6. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //mp. mohr. gov. my/index. php? option=com_content & A ; view=article & A ; id=1862: petition-for-90-days-ofmaternityleaveinprogress & A ; catid=150: intelligence & A ; Itemid=624 & A ; lang=my *NUBE Malaysia Facebook Page. ( August 11. 2011 ) . About
Basic Info. Retrieved July 10. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. facebook. com/pages/NUBE-Malaysia/259701940707753? sk=info The Star Online. ( March 9. 2009 ) . NUBE goes in front with pregnancy leave request. Retrieved July 6. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //thestar. com. my/news/story. asp? file= % 2F2010 % 2F3 % 2F9 % 2Fnation % 2F5820402 & A ; sec=nation
*It is really unfortunate that the NUBE functionary web site is still under care since June. Harmonizing to a current NUBE member. information retrieved from NUBE Malaysia Facebook page is accurate and dependable.