Natural phenomenon tend to ruin everything in their path and destroy the lives of thousands. Volcanos are no exception. The eruption of Mount Tambora damaged everything in a close proximity and even continents thousands of miles away were affected. Natural phenomenon can be described as any event in nature not engineered and manufactured by humans.
Volcanoes are hills or mountains that contain a crater in the middle, when it erupts its spews out molten lava and ash. Anything surrounding the volcano is immediately destroyed, and as the lava continues to flow out hundreds to thousands of people are forced to evacuate their home. Volcanoes also emit particles into the air such as ash and sulfur dioxide. These particles reflect the sunlight and have an overall cooling effect on the climate.
There is nothing that can be done to stop a volcanic eruption or its effects. Mount Tambora erupted on the 10th of April, 1815. The initial eruption sent gases into the atmosphere. These gases created a sun filter. To further explain, the gases ejected from the explosion created sulfate aerosols in the atmosphere which created a filter against the sun. Days later the volcano erupted again, this time blocking out the sun for days. The eruption was the highest one ever recorded, with a VEI rating of a 7, and the height of the mountain went from 14,000 feet tall to 9,000 feet tall.
The significantly blocked solar radiation led to what is known as “The year without a summer.” The summer of 1816 in the Iberian Peninsula had temperatures as low as 13 degrees fahrenheit as well as snowfall. Due to this temperature drop there were late frosts which didn’t allow crops to ripen. The crop failures lead to price hikes of the crops up to four times the price they were the year before. The price increase led to rioting, looting, and civil unrest all throughout Europe.
This drastic decrease in temperature caused global cooling which lead to a drop in rainfall of about four percent. The explosion directly and indirectly killed roughly 10,000 people. There is no way to truly prepare for a volcano due to the fact that they destroy everything around them. Even though evacuation is necessary in the end,an emergency supply kit should always be prepared. This kit filled with non-perishable items, bottled water, flashlights and batteries can help if the volcanic eruption causes power outages. Once a volcano erupts there is nothing that can be done to stop the damage that it will create. Typically volcanos kill most nature around them. They destroy all homes in their path.
Therefore in order to recover from this natural phenomenon nature must take its own course. Overtime nature will grow and flourish on its own. Volcanoes are a force of nature that cannot be stopped. They ruin the lives of thousands by taking their homes and sometimes even their lives. Mount Tambora is just one example of how truly catastrophic volcanos can be. Even though volcanos are not the only natural phenomenon they are extremely dangerous and are even hard to rebuild from after.