Opium Addiction

The drug opium, is fairly easy to obtain. “Opium is a highly addictive narcotic drug acquired in the dried latex form from the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) seed pod,”(www.drugs.com). Throughout history, opium has been used “for both recreational and medicinal purposes,” (drugfreeworld.org). In 15th century China, opium was often used as a painkiller therefore, opium is a narcotic drug. According to Merriam Webster Dictionary, a narcotic drug is, “a drug (such as opium or morphine) that in moderate doses dulls the senses, relieves pain, and induces profound sleep but in excessive doses causes stupor, coma, or convulsions.” The reason that opium can alleviate pain is because opium is a stronger form of morphine, a profoundly addictive substance that can also be found in other deadly drugs, such as heroin. Like many other drugs, opium can be found in multiple forms. “Opium can be smoked, but it can also be eaten, drunken, or injected,” states www.opiumproject7d.wordpress.com. One of the reasons that opium is so deadly is because it can be taken in so many different forms, such as powder. Opium is known by many names. Many other drugs derive from opium including, “Codeine, Morphine, Heroin,” however, these drugs are only partial derived from opium, as they are also made up of synthetic chemicals (www.opium.org/opium-derivatives.html). Opium is often known by its many “street” names, some of which include, “Ah-pen-yen, Aunti, Aunti Emma, Big O, Black Pill, Chandoo, Chandu, Chinese Molasses, Chinese Tobacco, Dopium, Dover’s Powder, Dream Gun, Dream Stick, Dreams, Easing Powder, Fi-do-nie, Gee, God’s Medicine, Gondola, Goric, Great Tobacco, Guma, Hop/hops, Joy Plant, Midnight Oil, Mira, O, O.P., Ope, Pen Yan, Pin Gon, Pox, Skee, Toxy, Toys, When-shee, Ze and Zero,” (https://drugfree.org/drug/opium/). There are many dangers and problems associated with opium, whether it is in its purest form or in a synthetic form. “Prolonged use of opium can lead to lung disorders including emphysema and cancer. Smoking opium also causes damage to the brain, liver, kidneys and various other organs of the body,” (http://www.opium.org/opium-effects.html). Many of these organs, such as the lungs, are not repairable and can dramatically impact the organ’s ability to function. There are also physiological effects to taking opium. It can lead to depression and/or cause violent mood swings and can also lead to, “…constipation, confusion, lower inhalation rate, tense eyes, comas and stomach aches that are usually accompanied by vomiting,” (https://opiumproject7d.wordpress.com/how-opium-is-taken/). Physical withdrawal symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, etc.