In this aroma, you discuss main points in an order that could be followed on a calendar or a clock.
Spatial order A speech organized spatially has main points oriented toward space or a directional pattern. The Farm Aid speech’s body could be organized in spatial order. The first main point discusses the New York branch of the organization; the second main point discusses the Midwest branch; the third main point discusses the California branch of Farm Aid. In this format, you discuss main points in an order that could be traced on a map.
Causal order A speech organized causally has main points oriented toward cause and effect. The main points of a Farm Aid speech organized causally could look like this: the first main point informs about problems on farms and the need for monetary assistance; the second main point discusses the creation and implementation of the Farm Aid program. In this format, you discuss main points in an order that alerts the audience to a problem or circumstance and then tells the audience what action resulted from the original circumstance. Topical order A speech organized topically has main points organized more randomly by sub-topics.The Farm Aid speech could be organized topically: the first main mint discusses Farm Aid administrators; the second main point discusses performers; the third main point discusses sponsors; the fourth main point discusses audiences.
In this format, you discuss main points in a more random order that labels specific aspects of the topic and addresses them in separate categories. Most speeches that are not organized chronologically, spatially, or causally are organized topically. Thesis Statements Once you settle on a topic, you need to frame a thesis statement.Framing a thesis statement allows you to narrow your topic, and in turns allows you to Ochs your research in this specific area, saving you time and trouble in the process. Selecting a topic and focusing it into a thesis statement can be a difficult process.
Fortunately, a number of useful strategies are available to you. Thesis Statement Purpose The thesis statement is crucial for clearly communicating your topic and purpose to the audience. Be sure to make the statement clear, concise, and easy to remember. Deliver it to the audience and use verbal and nonverbal illustrations to make it stand out.
Framing a Thesis Statement Focus on a specific aspect of your topic and phrase the thesis statement in nee clear, concise, complete sentence, focusing on the audience. This sentence sets a goal for the speech. For example, in a speech about art, the thesis statement might be: “The purpose of this speech is to inform my audience about the early works of Vincent van Gogh. ” This statement establishes that the speech will inform the audience about the early works of one great artist. The thesis statement is worded conversationally and included in the delivery of the speech.Thesis Statement and Audience The thesis appears in the introduction of the speech so that the audience immediately realizes the speaker’s topic and goal. Whatever the topic may be, you should attempt to create a clear, focused thesis statement that stands out and could be repeated by every member of your audience. It is important to refer to the audience in the thesis statement; when you look back at the thesis for direction, or when the audience hears the thesis, it should be clear that the most important goal of your speech is to inform the audience about your topic.
While the focus and pressure will be on you as a speaker, you should always remember that the audience is the reason for presenting a public speech. Avoid being too trivial or basic for the average audience ember. At the same time, avoid being too technical for the average audience member. Be sure to use specific, concrete terms that clearly establish the focus of your speech. Thesis Statement and Delivery When creating the thesis statement, be sure to use a full sentence and frame that sentence as a Statement, not as a question.
The full sentence, “The purpose of this speech is to inform my audience about the early works of Vincent van Gogh,” provides clear direction for the speech, whereas the fragment “van Gogh” says very little about the purpose of the speech. Similarly, the question “Who was Vincent van Gogh? Does not adequately indicate the direction the speech will take or what the speaker hopes to accomplish. If you limit your thesis statement to one distinct aspect of the larger topic, you are more likely to be understood and to meet the time constraints.
Introductions The introduction sets the tone of the entire speech. The introduction should be brief and to-the-point as it accomplishes these several important tasks. Typically, there are six main components of an effective introduction: Attention Getters Thesis Statement Audience Adaptation Credibility Statement Preview Transition to the Body As in any social situation, your audience makes strong assumptions about you during the first eight or ten seconds of your speech. For this reason, you need to start solidly and launch the topic clearly.Focus your efforts on completing these tasks and moving on to the real information (the body) of the speech. Typically, there are six main components of an effective introduction.
These tasks do not have to be handled in this order, but this layout often yields the best results. To read about these components, click on the list below: Attention Getters: The attention-getter is designed to intrigue the audience members and to titivated them to listen attentively for the next several minutes. There are infinite possibilities for authenticating devices.Some of the more common devices include using a story, a rhetorical question, or a quotation.
While any of these devices can be effective, it is important for you to spend time straightening, creating, and practicing the attention-getter. Most importantly, an attention-getter should create curiosity in the minds of your listeners and convince them that the speech will be interesting and useful. The wording of your attention-getter should be refined and practiced.
Be sure to consider the mood/tone of your speech; determine the appropriateness of humor, emotion, aggressiveness, etc.Not only should the words get the audiences attention, but your delivery should be smooth and confident to let the audience know that you are a skilled speaker who is prepared for this speech. Click on any item in the list below to learn more on using attention-getters in your speech. A Story The crowd was wild. The music was booming.
The sun was shining. The cash registers were ringing. This story-like re-creation of the scene at a Farm Aid concert serves to engage he audience and causes them to think about the situation you are describing.Touching stories or stories that make audience members feel involved with the topic serve as good attention-getters. You should tell a story with feeling and deliver it directly to the audience instead of reading it off your notepads.
Example Text: One dark summer night in 1 849, a young woman in her ass’s left Bucktooth, Maryland, and followed the North Star. What was her name? Harriet Tuba. She went back some 19 times to rescue her fellow slaves. And as James Blocks relates in a 1984 issue of National Geographic, by the end of her rarer, she had a $40,000. 00 price on her head.
This was quite a compliment from her enemies (Blocks 22). Rhetorical Question Rhetorical questions are questions designed to arouse curiosity without requiring an answer. Either the answer will be obvious, or if it isn’t apparent, the question will arouse curiosity until the presentation provides the answer. An example of a rhetorical question to gain the audiences attention for a speech about fly-fishing is, “Have you ever stood in a freezing river at 5 o’clock in the morning by choice? ” Have you ever heard of a railroad with no tracks, with secret stations, and hose conductors were considered criminals?Quotation A quotation from a famous person or from an expert on your topic can gain the attention of the audience.
The use of a quotation immediately launches you into the speech and focuses the audience on your topic area. If it is from a well-known source, cite the author first. If the source is obscure, begin with the quote itself. Example Text: “No day dawns for the slave, nor is it looked for.
It is all night–night forever (Pause) This quote was taken from Certain Logged, a fugitive who was the son of his Tennessee master and a slave woman.