Rohingya” historically also mentioned as Arakanese Indians are mainly stateless
Indo-Aryan people. They are an ethnical group, majority of whom are Muslim.
They have lived for centuries in the majority Buddhist country, Myanmar. They speak
Rohingya or Ruaingga a dialect that is distinct to others spoken in Rakhine
state and throughout Myanmar.
Where are they from: They
are from Rakhine state, Myanmar which is a Buddhist majority country. It was
known as Burma under British colonial rule and there was momentous migration
between today’s Myanmar, India and Bangladesh. When Burma won independence in
1945, the government passed the Union Citizenship Act, which detailed the
ethnicities “indigenous” to Myanmar. After the military wound in Myanmar in
1962, things changed dramatically for the Rohingya. The government guided by
Bamar-supremacist ideology gave fewer official documentation to the Rohingya
and refused to fully recognized new generations of the Rohingya population. By
1982, a new citizenship law was passed that abstained Rohingya from easily
accessing full citizenship, metaphresing much of them stateless. In 1989, the
country was renamed Myanmar. The 2012 Rakhine state riots were a series of quarrel
between Rohingya Muslims who form the majority in the northern Rakhine and
ethnic Rakhines who form the majority in the south.
How are they persecuted: The
Rohingya persecution in Myanmar refers to the ongoing military by strict
measures then they are subjected to routine forced labor where typically a Rohingya
men will have to give up one day a week to work on. In 1982, a new citizenship
law was issued, which effectively rendered the Rohingya stateless. According to
the law, Rohingya were again not recognized as one of the country’s 135 ethnical
groups. In November 2016, a UN official accused the government of carrying out
ethnical cleansing of the Rohingya. It was not the first time such a complaint
has been made. The government, however, has said “from Arakan Rohingya Salvation
Army (ARSA) nearly 100 people were killed by armed men when they launched a
raid on police outpost in the region”.
How many have fled: Many
Rohingya also jeopardizes their lives trying to get to Malaysia. They used boat
as transportation and run across the Bay of Bangla and the Andaman sea. Before
the violence that begun in August, the UN calculated that there are as many as
420,000 Rohingya refugees in Southeast Asia. The altruistic crisis in Myanmar
had gotten no attention from the world community for a long time. That’s changing
and quickly as the scope of the disaster comes into clearer focus. The United
Nations reported that same 500,000 Rohingya ethnic Muslims had fled Myanmar’s
Rakhine state since August 25.
What does Myanmar Say:
The government has also repeatedly rejected complaints of abuses. In February
2017, the UN published a report that found that. In September 2016, Aung San
Suu Kyi placed UN chief Kofi Annan with finding ways to heal the long-standing
divisions in the region.
What does Bangladesh say: Bangladesh
discriminate most of those who have crossed the border and are living outside
of camps as having “illegally infiltrated”. The country often tried to prevent
Rohingya refugees from crossing the border. The talks were occupied in an favorable
environment and Myanmar has made an offering to recall the Rohingya refugee,
Ali said after appointment with the Myanmar official Kyaw Tint Swe in Dhaka.
What does the international community say’s: “Military performed grave human rights abuses in Rakhine that may amount in war crimes, plead for argument the government denies” said by the international community. In response to the latest round of violence, UN Secretory-General Antonio Guterres warned the risk of ethenical cleansing.
What is the ARSA:
ARSA is an abbreviation. Its full form is the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army
also known by its former name Harakah-al-Yaqin is a Rohingya mutineer group operative
in northern Rakhine state, Myanmar. They mentioned “it would do so with our
capacities as we have the legitimate right under international law to defend
ourselves in line with principle of self-defense”. They are considered as
terrorist organization by the Myanmar government. The ARSA accomplish a
statement on August 20th, 2017. They called government complaints
against it as baseless and claimed its main purpose is to defend their rights