What is
Over- Confidence? :

           Over-confidence is the state of being confident
to a level of extreme and also an obsession, studies have shown that
over-confidence has been estimated into three different subjects such as
Over-estimation, over-placement, and over-precision.

                Over-estimation which
concentrates on the feelings of people’s abilities, skills, stages of
management, and probability of success, it has been viewed to occur over
regions other than people who relate to performances. Its includes the delusion
of control which explains the inclination for people to act like they might have
control when in reality they don’t, another study of over-estimation is the
desire  effect, in which some people
over-estimate the event due to its level of attractiveness, which is quite odd.

             Over-precision is the unnecessary
amount of confidence that one understand reality, evidence about over-precision
is originated from studies that show people are asked about their level of
confidence, after a few tests, the results showed that people with an average
level of confidence was high. The answer to this study was that
materialistic-confidence was magnified by over-precision, and that their
judgments did not explain organized over-estimation, another study of
over-precision originates from studies that include participants who are asked to
specify their level of precision on their knowledge by indicating a specific
percentage of confidence on specific quantities. If people were directly
adjusted, their percentage of confidence intervals might include the precise
answers of the time. Moreover, the rates are often low to 50 percent,
concluding that people have drawn their confidence too closely, meaning that
they believe that their knowledge is far too accurate than it is in reality.

            Over-placement is defined as the most
important of all the over-confidence effect, it is a verdict of peoples
performance compared to others, it occurs when people have the desire to be
more outstanding than others. It is the performance of people of putting
themselves above others, it often occurs on easy tasks, some of which are
believed are simple to perform correctly. An explanation for this phenomena is
its ability to enhance ones-self. Researchers have shown that people who
believe that good things are more likely to occur to them rather than to other,
where bad experiences were less likely to occur to them than to other people.
However some have sharpened out that important performance tended to analyze
good results that are believed to be singular, while bad results were said to
be odd. Event occurrences account for an amount of important discoveries of
similar hopefulness. Some people believe similar events are more likely to
occur to them than to other people. Scientists have argued that some people
hang to overly positive thoughts about themselves, and beliefs in incorrect
dominance, due to its aid in managing and flourishing. Despite the fact that
there are some evidence that positive beliefs are associated with enhanced life
outcomes, some of the researches explained that such discoveries are helpless
to the substitute explanation and that their forecasts are precise.

             Two psychologists, known as Dominic
Johnson and James Fowler identified over-confidence presence by using computer
models to explain that an over-inflated measurement of one’s abilities can
result an outstanding score, even when it comes to answering difficult
questions,  the study of over-confidence
led to three discoveries: the first discovery was that students who carry an
organized mindset of intelligence were found highly over-confident due to their
performances on multiple-choice questions than those with a developed mindset,
the second discovery was that students with organized mindsets gave less
attention to difficult tasks which results that these students show more
over-confidence than those with a developed mindset, the third discovery showed
that if theorists focus more attention at the difficult parts along with the
easy parts of intellectual duties this method would tremble their confidence,
encouraging more accurate thoughts of their skills.

               Over-confidence tends to originate from a
source of inspiration that causes excitement, it is said that some people tend
to control their over-confidence by focusing on simple tasks as they focus on
difficult tasks, while others tend to maintain an increasing outlook in other
words believe that intelligence is an unstable feature as they spend more of
their time on difficult parts of objectives, resulting in the stage of their
confidence to increase more than their abilities. Over-confidence plays a role
in both advancing and destroying people’s lifestyle for its presence has both
advantages and disadvantages.


What are the
causes of Over-confidence:

occurs due to past accomplishments, obsessions in being perfect, social status,
taking risks, self obsessions, thoughts of pride and arrogance, feeling of
being untouchable and most likely invincible, past accomplishments like passing
exams, saving lives, answering critical thinking questions correctly, and the
fear of failure, all these actions result in the feeling of success which
triggers a sense of confidence but to higher state known as over-confidence.

What are the
advantages of Over-confidence:                                Psychologists identify over-confidence
as helpful because it increases aspiration, increases morality, allows people
to find solutions for difficult issues, allows people to create excuses,
creates insights in which confidence increases the possibility of success.

What are the disadvantages of Over-confidence:

             Over-confidence however
plays a role in damaging people’s lives which can lead them to risky and
dangerous outcomes. Over-confidence causes headaches, stress, failures, lack of
sleep, damaged estimations, improbable prospects, and harmful conclusions. Over-confidence
causes people to believe that they are capable of performing and accomplishing
difficult tasks without being aware of the risks they might take, examples  when over-confidence becomes dangerous and
risky  is when a person who believes that
he or she has courage and strength might enter a burning building to rescue the
civilians without knowing the risks this could lead to death or serious
injuries due to the un-experience with fire and smoke , another example if an
over-confident person invests all of his or her money on a project and has no
knowledge of the market, he or she might end up becoming poor, a third example
is that over-confident students might believe under-estimate exams due to the
level of simplicity but in the end they would fail.

   How to overcome Over-confidence:

          Over-confidence has many ways to be
stopped, people can overcome it by being truthful to themselves in which people
recognize their limits and judge their abilities carefully, by avoiding
contradiction with other people by means of appreciating talents and skills
done by other people, paying attention to condemnation which is an essential
phase in decreasing over-confidence, acknowledging failures because it will
assist in balancing one’s talent, separating dreams from realism because a lot
of reports have shown that people are getting hurt or killed for doing extreme
stunts when they aren’t aware that the stunts are done by professionals or on
ropes, performing new activities and tasks like outdoor activities or listening
to new songs, all of this allows people to learn acquire new skills and beliefs
they are to understand the limits they maintain, the more people learn the
better .


        Over-confidence in general is an
obsession in being perfect. People need to be aware of their uniqueness due to
their passions, and talents, a wise man once said that a person should never
gamble more than he or she can stand to lose. It’s not about being perfect or
comparing ourselves to other people, it’s about being yourself, it’s about
doing what you do best. Nobody is perfect, some people will tend to become
perfect when they eventually realize that they are only attacking themselves,
as human beings we are all made of flesh and blood we all need to accept
reality and give up the tendency to be better than anybody else.