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Owen Johnson-KnipesJanuary, 22, 2018Spark7th Grade ChoirMusician Biography(Formal Performance- Alternative Assignment)DUE: Monday, Jan, 22Write a 2-3 page paper on a musical artist that you feel has made a significant impact on the world.  In your essay, touch on each of the following points in narrative form (does not have to be in this order):Provide some background information on the artist, their music, and their career.  What are some (specific) features of their music that stick out to you?What emotion(s) does their music tap into/express?  Do you connect with this artist and his/her music?  How so?In what ways do you feel their music and/or career have made an impact on the world? NameDateClassMeaningful Title(Not “Bob Marley”)One musician that has made a significant impact on the world is Bob Marley, he was born to Norval Marley and Cedella Booker on february, 6, 1945. When he was 10 years old his father died of a heart attack, Two years later he and his mother moved to the United States and she married Edward Booker, an american civil servant, they had two children Robert and Anthony Booker. When Bob Marley and his band the Wailers were starting out they were interested in being a vocal harmony group, a group of people who practice a style of singing where a note or a group of notes are sung simultaneously.  But Joe Higgs, part of the successful vocal act Higgs and Wilson began to teach Bob Marley how to play guitar, this played a role in Marley’s journey to success. The Wailers music features offbeat guitar, and horns in introductions as well as counter-melodies, a counter melody is a second melody to go with the original one. They also use tremolo instead of vibrato in some of their songs. These all factor into their unique sound. Bob Marley was raised Catholic but gained interest in Rastafari beliefs in the 60’s. After he returned to Jamaica he formally converted to Rastafarianism. At that point he began to grow dreadlocks, the Rastafari ban on cutting hair was based on the biblical Samson. As a Nazirite Samson was expected to make religious vows including the ceremonial treatment of his hair that was described in chapter six of the book of numbers “All the days of the vow of his separation there shall no razor come upon his head: until the days be fulfilled, in the which he separateth himself unto the LORD, he shall be holy, and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow.” numbers 6: 5. Bob Marley was a Pan-Africanist meaning that he believed in the unity of african people worldwide. These beliefs were rooted in his beliefs of Rastafarianism. On December,  3, 1976 Bob Marley was almost killed when up to eight assassins drove into a peculiarly unguarded Tuff Gong studio at 56 hope street with machine guns and pistols. According to “The Night Bob Marley Got Shot”, an exerpt from “So Much Things To Say” they were using “home made” bullets as well as regular bullets. Marley was lucky and was hit once in his forearm which proved non fatal. Some speculated that the reason Bob Marley had been shot was that it had been an election year and he had supported the people’s national party in the past. Jamaican Prime minister Michael Manley held elections right after the concert at Tuff Gong had been announced so it would look as if at the climax of the fight for jamaica Bob Marley and the Wailers supported the PNP(Michael Manley’s Party).   Bob Marley died at age 36 due to skin cancer, in july of 1977 he was diagnosed with a kind of malignant melanoma under one of his toenails. Some will tell you that this was caused from playing soccer however in actuality it was a symptom of an already existing cancer. When Marley’s doctor told him to amputate his toe he decided that removing his toe would set back his performance to greatly to go through with the procedure and instead had his toenail and nail bed removed and replaced with a graft of skin taken from his thigh, despite his illness he continued touring. He died four years later in 1981. For me Bob Marley’s music taps into happiness for the most part, because of the upbeat tempo and the lyrics in most of their songs. I connect with Bob Marley’s music because It highlights important issues and celebrates everyday life. For instance in the song “Kaya” he doesn’t sing about anything extraordinary but he does celebrate the way kaya (marijuana) can positively influence a “rainy day” or a day overcome by sorrow However in some songs like “Zimbabwe” he sings about the people of Zimbabwe’s fight for independence. “Zimbabwe” was dedicated to later independant Rhodesia. In 1980 Bob Marley performed Zimbabwe at Zimbabwe’s independence celebration, soon after the official declaration of Zimbabwe’s independence. Works CitedBasic Biographyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Survival_(Bob_Marley_%26_The_Wailers_album)Night He Was Shothttps://www.rollingstone.com/music/features/bob-marleys-1976-shooting-read-exc erpt-from-oral-history-w488237Bible quotehttp://biblehub.com/kjv/numbers/6-5.htm