Patient and tools, and building capacity. The

Patient
safety is an important element of health care and can be defined as freedom for
a patient of unnecessary harm or potential harm related to health care. Every
year, a number of patients suffer injuries or die because of unsafe and poor
quality health care. Most of these injuries are avoidable.

 

The
challenges to patient safety in health care are lack of safety culture and
attitudes that overlook basic safety rules for both the patient as well as the
healthcare professional. Healthcare professionals are reluctant to report or
talk about adverse events and medical errors for fear of blaming, embarrassment,
punishment. Moreover, there is underreporting of adverse events and medical
error.

 

The World
Health Organization (WHO) has strategies for safer health care by placing the
patient at the centre through developing guidelines and tools, and building
capacity. The patient safety education program was established in 2009 to
support the education and training of medical professionals and students in
quality improvements and patient safety.

 

Medical
students are the future medical care providers and they need to understand how
systems affect the quality and safety of health care and must prepare
themselves to practice care safely. The World Health Organization (WHO) has
developed a Patient Safety Curriculum Guide for medical students to help them
meet this future challenge. The medical patient safety curriculum guide builds
patient safety knowledge and capacity to practice safely.

 

In Indonesia,
curriculum on patient safety has implemented on 18 medical faculties since 2012
according to the WHO Standard.  Even tough, curriculum on patient safety
for other healthcare professionals has not developed yet. There were also a
guide how to integrate patient safety into medical school curriculum. It will
enable and encourage medical school to include patient safety in their course. However,
very few studies have been investigated of undergraduate medical student
attitude to patient safety. The purpose of this study was to assess
undergraduate medical students’ attitudes to patient safety issue and their
interest in education related to patient safety.