Christian confessions and schools of thought, a formal criterion remains constant: theology is the attempt of adherents of a faith to represent their statements of belief consistently, to explicate them out of the basis (or fundamentals) of their faith, and to assign to such statements their specific place within the context of all other worldly relations (e. G. , nature and history) and spiritual processes (e. G. , reason and logic). ” The Five types of Theology 1 . Natural Theology- is restricted to the facts concerning God which are revealed in the universe around us.Thomas Aquinas, in a systematic fashion, outlined his belief that the existence of God may be proven from reason alone.
Modern theologians such as Karl Birth, reflecting Emmanuel Kant and David Home, argued that there was essentially no validity to a natural theology, while Process theologians such as John B. Cob, Jar. , Schubert Ogden and David Griffin have argued the exact opposite. Within evangelical circles, there is a division on this question. 2. Biblical Theology- is restricted to the biblical revelation of God. Its sole source is the Bible, independent of any philosophical system (ideally).In reality, any approach to theology must inevitably carry certain philosophical presuppositions and perspectives.
3. Dogmatic Theology, refers to those elements of theological truth which are absolutely certain. It will avoid controversial fields of study and will concentrate on those points about which the church throughout history has held to unswervingly, such the virgin birth, the resurrection, the Trinity, and the like. 4.
Practical Theology- has to do with the actual function of the truth in the lives of people. Given beliefs and doctrines are considered true if they org in the lives of real people.In other words, if it works, then it is true. Otherwise, it is of no consequence. 5. Theology Proper- concerns itself with the study of the person of God, apart from his works. It deals with the existence of God, the ability of people to know him, his various attributes, and the nature of the Trinity.
In other words, Theology Proper is concerned with understanding and knowing God. Philosophy- is known as an academic discipline that exercises reason and logic in an attempt to understand reality and answer fundamental questions about knowledge, life, morality and unman nature.The ancient Greeks, who were among the first to practice philosophy, coined the term, which means “love of wisdom. Individuals who study philosophy are known as philosophers. Through the years, philosophers have sought to answer such questions as, what is the meaning and purpose of life? How do we know what we know? Does God exist? What does it mean to possess consciousness? And, what is the value of morals? “Philosophers attempt to answer such questions through the philosophical method. The method usually begins when a philosopher examines his own levels and begins to doubt their validity.
From his doubt, questions emerge. Before answering a question, the philosopher thoroughly analyzes it to ensure it is clearly and properly defined. This helps narrow the path to the most precise answer. Next, the philosopher proposes possible answers to the question and provides reasoned arguments to support each one. The arguments are then critiqued by other philosophers, who may give rebuttals. Through this process of criticism and judgment, known as dialectic, philosophers attempt to prove the rationality of their beliefs and discover fundamental truths.Philosophers attempt to answer such questions through the philosophical method. ” Modern philosophy contains six main branches of thought, each with their own unique focus: Metaphysics: the nature of reality and the universe.
Epistemology: the study of knowledge and how it is acquired. Logic: how to develop valid arguments; includes mathematical logic. Ethics: the study of right and wrong and how people should live. Politics: the study of government, citizen rights and political obligations. Aesthetics: beauty, art and artistic perception.
In conclusion the difference among philosophy and theology.