RUNNING HEAD: Piaget Chart Piaget Chart Stage| Age| Description| Sensorimotor | Infant Age and Two Years| The sensorimotor stage is the first stage of The Theory of Cognitive Development Piaget. At the time of the sensorimotor stage an infant receives their knowledge on how the world occurs by using their five senses. The Sensorimotor Phase tells how important senses are in this phase.
By using their five senses an infant is able to learn about the world around them. In the sensorimotor stage the infant understands occurrences, for instance if someone takes the infants toy and hide it from them.The infant will automatically lose attention because the no longer see the toy. As a result since the toy is not in sight, this makes the toy also absent from the infants brain.
| Preoperational Stage| Two to Seven Years of Age| The preoperational stage is the second phase where children start to form ideas. At the time of this phase a better independence is observed during this phase. At the time of preoperational stage is when a child will recognize that their toy is missing and it will stay in their mind.But the main development of the preoperational stage is the use of verbal communication by the child. Verbal communication helps a child to explain important things like thoughts, incidents, and people. Compared to the sensorimotor phase a child’s understanding is a little harder but is not as difficult as an adult’s.
During preoperational stage children are able to think for themselves meaning how they see the world is based on their own thoughts. But the child is not capable of using Principles of Conservation. Concrete Operational | Seven to Eleven years of Age| The concrete operational stage starts at the age of seven and stops at the age of eleven. During the concrete operational stage a child gets a better understanding of mental operations. The child starts to think logically when it comes to concrete events but have a problem understanding hypothetical or abstract concepts (Cherry, 2012). During this stage a child can be very good at using inductive logic which is going from one experience to the main principle.But children have a hard time using deductive logic which is taking a main principle to help come up with an outcome of a certain event.
In this stage a child is able to recognize that their dog is a boxer and the boxer is a dog, so the dog is an animal. | Formal Operational | Eleven to fifteen Years| The formal operational stage starts at eleven and twelve but lasts all the way into adulthood. During the formal operational individuals develop the ability to believe abstracts concepts.Skills like deductive reasoning, logical thought, and systematic planning during the formal operational. Deductive logic needs the ability to use general principles to help explain a certain outcome. Deductive logic requires hypothetical situations which is needed in mathematics and science. Children seem to think concretely in the earlier stages but the ability to think about abstract concepts form during the formal operational stage. In this stage children start to think out other outcomes and the consequences to their actions.
Also during the formal operational stage children gain the ability to systematically solve a problem in methodical and logical way began. | . References Cherry, Kendra. , (2012). , Concrete Operational Stage of Cognitive Development. , Retrieved from http://psychology.
about. com/od/piagetstheory/p/concreteop. htm on July 15, 2012.
Cherry, Kendra. , (2012). , Formal Operational Stage of Cognitive Development Retrieved from http://psychology. about. com/od/piagetstheory/p/formaloperation.
htm on July 15, 2012.