Plastic Surgery research paper Essay

Though cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is the best known kind of plastic surgery, plastic surgery is not necessarily cosmetic; and includes many ypes of reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. Plastic surgery is sometimes necessary in a world where people are often judged on first impressions. Even though our multicultural nation has become much more broadminded of bodily variances, in particular those linked with different nationalities, an ingrained idea of attractiveness and sense of beauty defines the most desirable physical qualities.

For people who don’t measure up to their idea Of attractiveness, or normal looking, a lot of the times they feel alienated, they have unfulfilling relationships, low self- steem and feel trapped in their bodies. I’ve seen the commercials and advertisements in the newspapers, magazines and on-line for cosmetic surgery. A guilty pleasure of mine is to look at one the tabloid magazines like the Star or The Enquirer to see which celebrity had what procedure done, and in particular when the results turn out bad.

You see it all the time, a good looking famous person for some reason or another decides to “get some work done” and come out looking like a caricature of them self or theyre just totally unrecognizable. Just like anyone else, don’t think I’m perfect, and I ish that some of my features turned out better. I’ve thought about how I would of liked to have this or that done or was just born more handsome. But we all have to play the hands we are dealt, or do we?

When ministered properly and sensibly, with a board certified plastic/cosmetic surgeon, plastic surgery can make up for life’s shortcomings and bestow hope to the ordinary and to the injured/deformed. There really is no difference between someone changing their appearance by using makeup, fake nails, wigs/extensions, or fake eyelashes than the person changing their appearance with plastic surgery. For the most part, everyone wants to look their best. In America, societys views On plastic surgery will vary on who you ask. It is paradoxical the way our country as a whole views plastic surgery.

On one hand there is a big cultural shift in peopl‚s views of acceptance and embracing plastic surgery, while on the other there is still a stigma. You will see all sorts of public figures; politicians, entertainers, executives, athletes, media figures, reality stars to the regular average person lining up for plastic surgery for many different reasons. The term plastic surgery has actually nothing to do ith plastic at all. In the term plastic surgery, the adjective plastic denotes sculpting or reshaping, which is derived from the Greek, plastike, “the art of modeling’ of malleable flesh.

The surgical definition of “plastic” first appeared in 1839. It predates the modern “engineering material made from petroleum” sense of plastic (coined by Leo Baekeland in 1 909) by seventy years (“Plastic surgery,” 2014). Treatments for the plastic repair ofa broken nose are first mentioned in the Edwin Smith Papyrus, a transcription of an Ancient Egyptian medical text, the oldest known treatise, dated to the Old Kingdom from 3000 o 2500 B. C. About. com states: “It should come as no surprise that plastic surgery may be one of the world’s oldest healing arts.

In fact, there is documentation of the use of surgical correcting facial injuries dating back more than 4,000 years ago. Physicians in ancient India were utilizing skin grafts for reconstructive work as early as 800 B. C. Later, in European countries, plastic surgery advances were slow in coming. However, eastern medicine took more readily to plastic surgery, and there are many recorded incidents of skin grafts and reconstructive surgery throughout history in that art of the world” (2014). The Romans also performed plastic surgery around the first century BC such as repairing damaged ears.

Most Of the Roman’s knowledge of plastic surgery came from Greek texts because they didn’t dissect humans or animal for religious purposes. During the early part of the sixteenth century, the Branca family in Sicily began practicing plastic surgery procedures, including using flaps or masses of tissue from patient’s arms to repair mutilated ears and lips. Gaspare Tagliacozzi of Bologna, Italy, is credited with initiating the modern era of plastic surgery during the latter half f the sixteenth century.

After Tagliacozzi’s death in 1 599, plastic surgery tailed off for almost two hundred years, in part because surgeons were unsuccessful in using donor flaps and the skin from others. Transplantations of tissue between two people were more successful when scientist learned about the differences in blood types and immune systems. Starting in the late eighteenth century, the founding of antiseptic standards in surgery and the almost coincident discovery of anesthesia made surgical procedures of all types much safer and more tolerable for patients.

These improvements in edical technology allowed surgeons to perform more and more complicated procedures, and in the nineteenth century, the first true cosmetic surgeries, including breast augmentations and rhinoplasties, were performed. The first American plastic Surgeon Was John Peter Mettauer, who, in 1827, performed the first cleft-palate operation with instruments that he designed himself. Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach wrote a comprehensive text on rhinoplasty, entitled Operative Chirurgie, and introduced the concept of reoperation to improve the cosmetic appearance of the reconstructed nose (“Plastic surgery,” 2014).

Sir Harold Gilles, a New Zealand otolaryngologist developed many techniques of modern facial surgery while caring for soldiers with disfiguring facial injuries during the First World War. Sir Harold Gilles is considered the father of modern plastic surgery. In the twentieth century, the battlefields of two world wars proved to be beneficial for the improvement of new techniques in plastic surgery. Surgeons were obligated to repair faces and bodies that had been brutally damaged by warfare and allow badly wounded soldiers to return to their regular lives, find work, and rejoin their families and ommunities.

As time went on, these innovative techniques began to transfer into mainstream surgery. With the advanced techniques in plastic surgery, recovery times are shorter and the procedures are safer, quicker, and cheaper. Some advantages of plastic surgery besides cosmetic reasons include hope for a more normal life, relief from pain, weight loss, better breathing, better self-image, help with recovery from illness or accident, helps attract a mate, helps with job, correct a birth defect, erase mistakes, a better sex life. Every year more and more people are getting plastic surgery.