Austin was born December 16, 1775, to Rev. George Austin and the former Cassandra Leigh In Stevenson, Hampshire, the seventh of eight children. Like the central characters in most of her novels, the Statues were a large family of respectable lineage but no fortune; her father supplemented his “living” ? his clergyman’s income ? by farming.
This lively and cheerful family frequently passed their evenings in novel-reading, charades and amateur theatrics. Among her siblings, her sister Cassandra, three years older, was her lifelong friend and confidant.In her early writing, Austin began to define the limits of her fictional world. From the first, there was a steady emphasis on character as she consciously restricted her subject matter to a sphere made up of a few families of relatives with their friends and acquaintances. She deliberately limited what she wrote about, and her work gains intensity and beauty from Its narrow focus. In her books, there Is little connection between this upper-middle class world and the strata above or below It, or consciousness of events external to It.It Is, In fact, the world In which typical middle- lass country people lived in early nineteenth-century Britain.
The family is at the core of this setting and thus the maneuverings that lead to marriage are all- important, because matrimony supplies stability, along with social and economic continuity. Austin lived the last eight years of her life in Choctaw. Her personal life continued to be limited to family and close friends, and she prized herself on being a warm and loving aunt as much as being a successful novelist.A sudden illness, possibly Addition’s disease, made her stop work on the novel Sanitation, and she died n 1817.
SUMMARY News of a wealthy young gentleman named Charles Bentley has rented the manor of Netherworld Park causes a stir in the nearby village of Longhorn, especially in the Bennett household. The Bennett have five unmarried daughters?Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Kitty and Lydia?and Mrs..
Bennett is desperate to see them all married. The Bennett attend a ball at which Mr.. Bentley is present. He is taken with Jane and spends the rest of the evening dancing with her.His friend, Mr..
Dairy, is less pleased with the evening and refuses to dance with Elizabeth, which makes everyone think of him as arrogant and obnoxious. At social functions over the next weeks, Mr.. Dairy finds himself attracted to Elizabethan charm and Intelligence. Cane’s friendship with Mr.
. Bentley also continues to grow. Jane visits the Bentley mansion. On her way to the house, she Is caught In a downpour and gets sick, forcing her to stay there for days. Elizabeth goes to Netherlands to take care of her sister.
When Elizabeth and Jane return home, they find Mr..Collins, a young clergyman, turned down politely, but wounding his pride. Meanwhile the Bennett girls become friendly with militia officers. Among them is Hickman, a handsome young soldier who s friendly towards Elizabeth and tells her how Dairy cheated him out of an Inheritance. As the winter came, the Bentleys and Dairy returned to London and news of Elizabethan bestrides, Charlotte Lucas, has become engaged to Mr.. Collins shocked them.
Charlotte explains to Elizabeth that she is getting older and needed to get married for financial reasons.Elizabeth visits Charlotte who now lives near the home of Lady Catherine De rough, who is Dairy’s aunt. There, Dairy met Elizabeth and made frequent visits to the Collins home and one day proposes marriage to Elizabeth which the latter refuses.
She tells Dairy that she thinks of him as arrogant and unpleasant, then scolds him for steering Bentley away from Jane and disinheriting Wichita. Dairy leaves her but delivers a letter to her. In his letter, he admits that he told Bentley to distance himself from Jane because he thought that their romance was not serious.About Hickman, he tells Elizabeth that the real cause of their disagreement was Nickname’s attempt to elope with his young sister. Upon reading the letter, Elizabeth now reevaluates her feeling about Dairy. In June, Elizabeth took a trip to the North and eventually to Pimpernel with the Gardeners, relatives of the Bennett.
Shortly after the tour of the Dairy estate, a letter arrives from home telling them that Lydia eloped with Hickman and that they are nowhere to be found. Fearful of the disgrace that a situation like that would bring on to her family, Elizabeth goes home.Mr.. Bennett and Mr.. Gardener searched for Lydia. Mr.
. Bennett came home with no news of Lydia, but Mr.. Gardener sent them a letter saying that Hickman agreed to Maryland in exchange for an annual income. Dairy and Bentley return to Netherlands and the latter resumes courting Jane and soon proposes to her.
While they celebrate, Lady Catherine corners Elizabeth and says that she has heard that Dairy is planning on marrying her. Since she considers Bennett an unsuitable match for a Dairy, Lady Catherine demands that Elizabeth refuses.She said she is not engaged to Dairy, but she will not promise anything against her own happiness. A little later, Elizabeth and Dairy takes a walk and he tells her that his feelings never changed. She accepts his proposal and soon both Jane and Elizabeth are married. Rhymes Pride. In the novel, pride prevents the characters from seeing the truth of a situation and from achieving happiness in life.
Pride is one of the main barriers that creates n obstacle to Elizabeth and Dairy’s marriage.Dairy’s pride in his position in the society leads him to scorn anyone outside of his own social circle. Elizabethan vanity clouds her Judgment, Dairy as ill mannered.
In Dairy’s letter, it shows that Elizabethan lodgment were wrong. Initial prejudice against him is rooted in pride of her own quick perceptions. Dairy, having been brought up in such a way that he began to scorn all those outside his own social circle, must overcome his prejudice in order to see that Elizabeth would be a good wife for him and to win Elizabethan heart.Elizabeth prides herself on her men ability for perception. Yet this supposed ability is often lacking, as in Elizabethan lodgment of Dairy and Hickman. Love. Pride and Prejudice contains one of the most cherished love stories in English literature: the courtship between Dairy and Elizabeth. As in any good love story, the lovers must elude and overcome numerous stumbling blocks, beginning with the tensions caused by the lovers’ own personal qualities.
Elizabethan pride makes her misjudge Dairy on the basis of a poor first Impression, while Dairy’s prejudice against Elizabethan poor social standing blinds him, for a time, to her many virtues. Using the using the character of Charlotte Lucas, No marries Mr.. Collins for his money, to demonstrate that the heart does not always dictate marriage shows also her realist takes on love.
. Yet with her central characters, Austin suggests that true love is a force separate from society and one that can conquer even the most difficult of circumstances. SYMBOLISM Balls.In the early nineteenth century, fancy people living in London during the social season could go to weekly balls held at a private club called Almanac’s, one of the places for young men and women to find eligible marriage partners. The people vying in and around the small country town of Emerson aren’t spending much time at fashionable balls, but they are interested in in getting married?and getting the news, and playing cards, and dancing, and generally doing other things than sitting around in a drawing-room after dinner with their families.Their balls might not be as exclusive as Almanac’s, but they were Just as important.
Letters. Letters are stand-in for the interior lives of the characters. Mr.. Collins’ letter talks about ‘me, me, me. ” Just like he is in real life.
Mr.. Dairy’s letter is different.
His letter is all about making connections and trying to communicate.