Marzan, Tam Nguyen, Adrienne Rodriguez, Claire Adams, Dedipya Bhamidipati read and complete: “Key Question” “The Need to Know” “The Dilemma” (Opening, Perspective 1, Perspective 2, Closing Write a brief response to What was the primary cause of the Second Great Awakening? * The Industrial Revolution transformed the ways people worked, and it created an important separation between public and private life. * While the forces of the market may have created tremendous anxiety for some, others used the market to advertise upcoming revivals and church meetings. Noteworthy religious innovations helped lay the groundwork for the Second Great Awakening, including circuit riding, voluntary associations, and the mobilization of Protestant denominations. * Historians are not sure what the primary cause was. It is probable that The Second Great Awakening was caused by a isolationism in frontier lands and the heightened industrial awareness. * With westward expansion, there was a need for religion to change. People needed a meaningful faith and sense of belonging. Thus, sometimes religions needed to look gentler and owners of factories hastened moral reform. Second Great Awakening was largely a response to a need for important ideological and institutional changes in religious experience. It had changed the religious face of America. This happened because Methodists, Baptists, and other evangelicals were able to get the news of ways to personal salvation and had managed to create a network that would fulfill the needs of the quickly expanding nation. * Whole series of religious revivals and the establishment of moral and religious reform societies spanning the early American republic east to west, not one of the societies had dominated over the others nd read and complete “Investigate” and complete the Discussion Questions (1-3) 1. Read the colonial religion essay that you will find in the list of related entries accompanying the Need to Know section. How did 19th century revivalism differ from Protestant religions practiced in colonial America? 19th century revivalism differs from Protestant religions practiced in colonial America due to Protestant religion holding the dominant power of religion. Where most of the religion in the early colonial America was Protestant, religious elements were known to be purified of Catholic elements.
Puritans tried to reform the church from inside, many times identifying themselves as “separatists”. Their intent was to create a godly community that would serve as an example of righteousness for the Church of England. Puritans believed only church members could govern over a community and that membership would be based on godliness. They had extreme intolerance for other religions. Humans were innately sinful but they could have grace as saints. However that changed when later followers were more interested in cultivating land than converting their children. 9th Century revivalism included the Second Great Awakening with revivals among the Methodist doctrine and the Presbyterians and Congregationalists. Most religions grew in size throughout colonial America due to their own choice of religions. Citizens chose from free religion or no religion at all. Methodists started teaching how anyone could be saved if they accept atonement for their sins, and cast on God’s mercy. The Methodists grew more than double in size after 1844. Calvinist (Baptists) started to look for more people to convert.
Methodist and Baptists started to excel in due to preaching while traveling to the frontier. 2. Given what you know about 19th century America, what be the cause(s) of the spiritual backsliding to which Charles G. Finney refers? We were going downhill in many spiritual aspects of life. We were giving into the down slope, and focused more on more worldly items than spiritual items. We looked and relied on money and power to save us and give us redemption, while really all we needed was faith. Calvinists believed that humans could not save themselves for God had predestined who would be saved.
Many are wedded to idols, others are procrastinating repentance, until they are settled in life, or until they have secured some favorite worldly interest. 3. Scholars have argued that religious revivalism gave impetus to 19th century reform movements. Would Charles G. Finney agree with this interpretation? Provide specific examples to support your position. 1. All the revivals and voluntary reforms were responses to secularization, political concerns, and economic turmoil would be to ignore the “supply-side” of the equation. Occurred because churches planned and executed them.
Participants were certain that their prayers for revival had been answered. Newer religious movements were skeptical of reform societies and Christian political activism. Their goal was conversion of individuals, not the christianization of american institutions. They were concerned with money, power, and worldliness. 2. Finney believed that most all the religion in the world had been produced by revivals. God had found it necessary to take advantage of the excitability there is in mankind, to produce powerful excitements among them, before he can lead them to obey.
There is so little principle in the church, so little firmness and stability of purpose, that unless they are greatly excited, they will not obey God. They have so little knowledge and principles so weak, that unless they are excited, they will go back from the path of duty, and do nothing to promote the glory of God. If their church were far enough advanced in knowledge, and had stability of principle enough to keep awake, such a course would do; but the church is so little enlightened, and there are so many counteracting causes, that the church will not go steadily to work without a special excitement.