Principle Reform Movements of the 19th Century Essay

                                   Principle Reform Movements of the 19th Century     The 19th Century was known as the Second Great Awakening, and it was a period of change that had a number of reform movements that occurred during this period. Some of these were considered social reforms and others were Religious reform movements. The Second Great Awakening was generally considered a religious revival that began among the Protestants, and included rousing evangelical tent meetings, or revivals. This spurred a competition of sort between religions, and an outgrowth of more religious movements, which included the development of the Mormon and Shaker religions. Another religious based movement, which interacted with the Women’s Rights groups, was known as the Temperance movement, which promoted abstinence on immoral activities. Some of the movements were not as well known, for example the transcendentalists and “The rise of the Utopian communities like Brook Farms” (Langer.

Sterns.2001.p.599), in search of Utopia, or the perfect life.         The period was also notable for educational reforms, which successfully led to establishing schools in the United States. It was during this period that the better known women’s rights and abolitionist’s movements took hold, along with a number of other reform movements which focused on human rights and social reform. The women’s rights groups were very active in a number of the movements of their time, from abolitionists activities, to education and prison reform, as well as promoting their own goals.

          The goal of the reformers movements were “To reverse diverse forms of inequality and suffering that had increased under the impact of industrialization”(Langer.Sterns.2001.p.599), better known as the Industrial Revolution. Dorothy Dix was a leading figure in the prison reform movement, which sought more humane treatment of prisoners, as well as the mentally insane committed to asylums.

As is well known in history, it may have taken a war, but the abolitionists movement did succeed, and many years later the women’s rights movement as well.                                                              Work Cited:Langer, William Leonard. Stearns, Peter N. The Encyclopedia Of World History: Ancient,       Medieval, And Modern, Chronologically Arranged, Edition: 6, illustrated, Published by      Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, (2001). Retrieved April 27, 2009 from;;