Progressive era DBQ Essay

The late 1800’s and early 1900’s was called the Progressive Era. Society became more diverse while industry flourished. But problems like monopolies, discrimination, and corruption arose so the idea of change raced through people’s heads. A group of people called progressives decided to take action. This denouement benefits for not only the federal government but America itself. Change during the progressive era resulted in benefits for the American people.

The Meat Inspection Act of 1906 made it that meat and meat food products are wholesome and are properly labeled and packaged to protect the Nation from poisonous or harmful substances (Doc. 6). This happened because a muckraker names Upton Sinclair wrote a book called “The Jungle” which exposed the unsanitary and harmful things that were happening to the meat. Later on Theodore Roosevelt proposed the Pure Food and Drug Act which required manufacturers to list ingredients of food products and outlawed false advertising. Until the ratification of the 19th Amendment in 1920, women were only allowed to vote in several states (Doc. ). Several people from the NWSA played a major role in the effort to get the 19th Amendment ratified. Susan B. Anthony traveled the United States and Europe, and gave 75 to 100 speeches per year on women’s rights for 45 years.

Carrie Chapman Catt went from state to state campaigning and giving speeches in the efforts for equal rights. Alice Paul was the leader of the march on Washington. Change during the Progressive era also resulted in benefits for the federal government. Ratified on April 3, 1913 the 16th Amendment gave congress the power to collect taxes on income from whatever source derived (Doc. ). This was arose because there was great social rest and the idea of a tax to soak the rich. After numerous attempts by Democrats to get this passed President William Howard Taft came to acknowledge that it might be in principle. There were several laws of the Progressive Era to regulate business like the Hepburn Act which allowed the government to set rail road rates through the Interstate Commerce commission(Doc. 4). This act was a major goal of Theodore Roosevelt to regulate railroads. Also the government could view the railroad’s financial records.

The Clayton Anti-trust Act strengthened the Sherman Anti-Trust Act making anti-competitive practices in business illegal (Doc. 4). The Sherman Anti-Trust Act stopped Monopolies from eliminating competition and trusts. They used cruel tactics achieve their goals. In the Progressive era there were changes that benefited the American people and the federal government. Laws and Amendments were made to fix the previous health, business, political problems and discrimination. If not for these changes the America we know and love today wouldn’t be the same.