It was agreed that
development and sustainability of SMEs in the private sector was an important
for reconstruction of Tsunami-hit communities. PPPs help in channeling
resources into these communities and in achieving the above. Thus, the Global
Soft Drink Co.-UN partnership was vital.
Project objectives are
disaster-proof infrastructure for the future
reconstruction and development activities are performed based on global codes
partnering with local
stakeholders and affected communities on demand-based solutions in the areas of
water and sanitation
Project Description: Underlying
communities in implementation of the project objectives. The TRP existed to
help in creating an environment to enable these local communities in achieving
this by removing barriers to implementation. The private companies and UN came
with separate areas of expertise gained through past experiences and failures,
and would help the local communities by creating an environment with a higher
chance of a favourable outcome.
The key focus was on
creating sustainable water and sanitation solutions through financial and
non-financial resources. Global Soft Drink Co. would provide project management
expertise, and coordinate work among the various partners, along with capital
The TRP partnership
would also try to leverage UNDP’s existing local programs who were working with
these communities previously.
Selection of target
countries for local partnership agreement
The criteria used by The tsunami Relief Project to
choose the target countries to collaborate in the future were:
Depending on the
needs and demands of a nation during their rehabilitation phases for basic
sanitisation and water service.
When a country expresses an intend for UN and
its government to collaborate with a private sector during the relief, recovery
and rehabilitation phases.
When a country is in
need of additional resources, especially water and other basic needs.
The government and
stakeholders of the country should be willing to partner and participate in the activities and also
Linking the ongoing
activities of the UN’s services should be possible and should sustain in the
The partnership of Sri Lanka, Thailand, Maldives and
Indonesia with The tsunami Relief project was determined on the basics of these
The result of every partnership agreement was
reached with agreement on strategy, risk management, evaluation, contributions,
expected outputs, detailed budget and legal requirements.
The activities of the tsunami relief project are
focused providing the affected areas with water and other needed facilities. A
partnership with local bottle companies in identifying the needs and listing
strategies to provide water and sanitation for the people living in the most
affected areas of tsunami. After visiting each country and listing measures to
be taken, specific results for each country were communicated.
The partners had some expectations from the
activities, which were:
Plan the entire
redevelopment process to be made in the selected countries for proving water
and other facilities needed as the initial strategy.
private partnership activities that they can replicate in other under developed
Create long term
partnership of bottling companies with the UN and others.
activity that will result in long term partnerships with other UN agencies and
also with other sectors such as education, giving entrepreneurial opportunities
and also helping with financial resources.
additional resources for development in the county.
Activities at country level aimed
at offering tsunami-affected populations with community-based resolutions to recover
access to sustainable water and sanitation services. The local private bottling
allies were involved in classifying objectives and schemes(strategies) for the
above project. The general expectations of the partnership activities were as
Ø Create PPP initiatives to be duplicated in
other emerging countries.
Ø Stimulate the whole reconstruction and revitalisation
process in the selected tsunami-affected countries by means of sustainable
water and hygiene as an access point in an integrated strategy for viable livings.
Ø Report about the reconstruction needs for the
tsunami-affected population, also inventing prospects for long term engagements
of private bottling company with the UN agencies and organisations pilot
Ø Initiate different trial activities leading
to formation of partnerships with other UN agencies and other countries, also
in other areas like education, establishment of entrepreneurs and accessibility
of financial resources.
Ø Craft prospects for leveraging supplementary
resources for imitation in the country & additionally in South-South
The TRP made the detailed
documentation & extensive distribution of the lessons from the project,
since it was an innovative project. For this the TRP shaped and executed a
strategic communications strategy to emphasize on the country level experiences
at workshops, seminars & at other mediums. Also, documentation comprised of
intensive teachings instructing in developing efficient PPP strategies for solidification
of domestic private sectors in other countries.
UN partners already knew the body
of knowledge used in the project, but the process was never ever specifically
applied to post-disaster reconstruction. Moreover, the project was dependent on
internal expertise from regional offices of the partners who would not be able
to commit their entire time to the project doings. This, along with the intended
use of outside consultants and partner organizations, made full harmonization critical.
Added risk was the dependence on the national political leadership & government
for providing the required momentum to the reconstruction & rehabilitation process.
For the success of partnership activities, the national political and
administrative processes needed to be accelerated and they should also allow
local PPP deeds to progress. So, it was critical for TRP to synchronize its strategies
within the national priorities, renovation campaigns & standards established
by each target country.
In order to address to the growing problems that the general
public were facing, and to contribute to the reconstruction of water and
water-systems so as to ensure clean water supplies, a MNC soft-drink company
entered into a Public-private Partnership with United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP). These capacities were administered by the prevalent
instructions for projects of such nature and were believed to assist with
comprehensive methods and insights into the management of the project. To be
precise, The Water Governance group, the PPP for the urban atmosphere and the
employee on loan from the company assisted with necessaries during the project.
Evaluation and Reporting:
All the regulations, the accounting standards and the standards
relating to the assessment of the financial ability, as specified in the UNDP
programme also appertain to this project. Over and above to the assessment of
the TRP in relation to the existing standards, every partnership is supposed to
go through an independent assessment. All the final finance reporting, yearly
reports, audited financial statements and final project reports are required to
be on the same lines as specified in the United Nations guide.
As a consequence to all the hardships and distress as faced by the
general public due to the 2004 Tsunami, the mission of the project was set to
assisting with rehabilitation of the poor and the communities affected by the
whole scenario. And hence, all the ready money was directed to partnerships
through private sector and were deemed to be charitable contributions. So, the
soft-drink company was able to distinguish these contributions as tax to be
deducted under the States Tax Law.
The governance of TRP is administered by the UNDP guidelines and
standards specified. Also, every partnership was supposed to be governed by the
regulations and guidelines of the independent host country, and hence it was
required for every country which was a part of the PPP to have a proper set of
standards and statutory regulations and provisions so as to effectively establish
aftermath of the Tsunami, a partnership was struck by the Chumchon Thai
Foundation and local groups to improve the water-shortage problems faced in
Thailand. With the extremely low level of fresh water available in Koh Lanta,
in Krabi province of southern Thailand, the UNDP had decided to begin a project
with the sole intention of solving this issue. Whatever the island presently
had to offer barely met the needs of the inhabitants especially during the
project was born out of the partnership of UNDP with the Government of
Thailand, at a micro level it was managed by collaborating with the Chumchon
Thai Foundation. The communities of Koh Por, Hua Laem, Ban Sanga-U and Che Li
and stood to benefit from the funding received from TRP and UNF towards this
purpose. The benefits took the following forms.
1. The village of Hua Laem would soon have their
own water system with a reservoir and sedimentation tank, which functioned on
the principles of gravity.
2. For the stream
that flowed along the fishing village of Ban Sanga-U, 10 check dams were built
which provided 117 families with long term water supply.
3. An organic
farming irrigation system provided the inhabitants of Che Li with a more secure
wells were also drilled on islands making access to water easier and at the
same time maintaining the water’s quality too.
multi-stakeholder Project Steering Committee was formed with representatives of
both the government and local leaders. The purpose of doing this was to
encourage better communication and dialogue between the stakeholders of this
mind the future of this project and its longevity, the project staff will also
work with the village communities to make them with basic proficiency training
for accounting, water monitoring, distribution and maintaining skills.
In 2005, the Aceh
region of Indonesia was badly hit by the Tsunami which also damaged the
freshwater system. Both deep and shallow wells were flooded by salt water or
ruined by the earthquake. To alleviate this problem, a partnership was struck
by UNDP, UNF, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, PDAM and the soft
drink company by providing access to water and better public health.
The TRP work
was done in two phases.
In the first phase, the soft drink company’s
Foundation Indonesia provided funding to the tune of $300,000 to the German
Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural resources to research and develop
data on Pidie District of Aceh. This provided a detailed mapping of the
freshwater supplies in the area.
A joint initiative by UNDP/UN-Habitat
to provide sanitation and clean and regular water-supply to six villages in the
regions of Aceh Besar and Pidie became the second phase.
The Aceh Nias Settlement Support Programme is an
infrastructure program for the tsunami affected people that links with UNDP TRP
programme in Aceh. This project is helping PDAM to create the capacity to
rehabilitate the water treatment plants to extend its water supply network to
the six affected villages of Aceh Besar and Pidie. They were unable to do this
earlier due to a limitation in capacity.
The villagers of Aceh region for the first time have
tap water access for their household purposes. The overall reach of this water
supply network has now grown to almost 7700 people greatly improving quality of
water and sanitation.
Keeping in mind all the stakeholders of this
project, the villagers have been involved in the project’s design, construction
and implementation phases. With constant and long-term development maintained
in the project’s objective, multiple activities have been conducted to empower
the community in rainwater harvesting, sanitation awareness drives, waste
disposal methodologies etc. to make it a truly sustainable model.
Maldives, Sri Lanka, Kattankude, and Kalupe
In Maldives, the Tsunami relief program comprised of the
government of Maldives coming together with the UNDP, United Nations Children’s
Fund, UNF, UN Habitat and a private soft drink company (Coca-Cola) to launch a
program to provide environmental sanitation on Dhambidoo Island. On completion,
this will be one of the first islands apart from Male to have decent sanitation
conditions in the Maldives serving as a replica across the Maldivian islands.
By preventing the discharge of raw sewage into the island’s lagoons, the
project supports the approach of “building back better”.
In Sri Lanka, the relief program was carried out by the TRP, local
communities, and the local government in the form of a PPP mainly in two areas
– Kattankudi in the east, and Kalupe in the south. One of the most densely
populated towns in Asia, Kattankudi was faced by several issues like lack of
infrastructure, sanitation, poor health, environmental degradation. This
project is helping with just that – by providing sustainable sanitation,
soakage pits, sanitation tanks, bio-cells, and a chlorine tank. The initial
pilot will be provided to 19 most vulnerable households, as a part of a bigger
initiative supporting 7000 people.
Kalupe, in the district of Galle, was also badly hit by the Tsunami.
As an initiative to deliver clean drinking water to the people in these areas,
a two-kilometer pipeline was built from the village of Kalupe to the Greater
Galle Water Project. Apart from this, members from the local community will
work directly with UNDP to make sure there exists transparency and
accountability. Additionally, the project was carried out under the technical
guidance of the National Water Supply and Drainage Board of the government. An
important aspect of projects carried out in these two areas include a focus on
community training and awareness-raising on various issues faced by the locals
post the travesty – such as water, sanitation, and hygiene practices.